16.07.11.Stepnye ecosystem reserve Uvs Nuur Basin in Tuva are in critical condition.
The cause was unbalanced grazing sheep, said experts at the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) Russia.
Russian State Nature Reserve "Uvs Nuur Basin" located on the border with Mongolia and a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. The total area of the reserve on both sides is about 898,000 hectares, RIA "Novosti".
Analyzing data from 1980 to 2010, the researchers found that climate change in Tuva, such as warming, heavy snowfalls and long term, to a much lesser extent, influence the state of the steppes than unsustainable grazing sheep. As a result, there is a persistent transformation of the steppes: desertification and they are overgrown with weeds.
Experts warn that unless immediate action is taken, unique Tuvan steppes waiting for an environmental disaster. But a few years trying to correct the situation, the local administration is still there. UNESCO experts recommend always follow the grazing, and restore abandoned during the Soviet era the ancient irrigation canals — canals. Their water can be used for irrigation of hay fields and pastures.
Similar problems previously encountered and Mongolia, which are also necessary to reduce the number of livestock. In addition, experts suggest that the State reduce the amount of agriculture in the economy, focusing instead on ecotourism — promising area of recreation, is gaining more and more fans around the world.