In the midst of yet another round of the arms race and confrontation when the USSR and the U.S. headed for a climax at the end of the 60-ies of the XX century, the political and military control of NATO began to concentrate their actions on manufacturing new models of armored vehicles. This zeal for the universalization battle equipment and weapons would be considered resolved the issue of providing and maintaining equipment and weapons across the North Atlantic bloc, with a centralized method. In this case, it would be possible to solve the main task — to increase the combat potential of armored forces, as the main force of the collision on the directions of the head hitting the Eastern — European Theater of Operations.
Joint cooperation between the U.S. and Germany in the military at the time
One such project was a joint development of American and West German scientists in the development of military technology, and specifically the tank MBT-70 main battle tank of NATO ground forces. Given the experience of the second world war, the management of the two countries announced the start of work on the creation of a main battle tank. In 1967 he was made 3 test standard — multifunction devices weighing about 50 tons with a very successful geometry of the chassis, under the calculation of the three soldiers. It is here that the differences between the designers went — the South American military planned to make a tank car that was universal for all the regional theaters of war, the German Defense Ministry to try on this tank to European standards. Could not find a common point of understanding and designers to arm. The Bundeswehr, taking into account the experience of military campaigns of 1941-1945., Suggested establishing a large-caliber gun and long ranges. The Pentagon was ready to sacrifice for the sake of the caliber of weapon used those weapons, the excess of which were on military artillery warehouses in Western Europe and the United States after the second World War.
In 1970, the U.S. Congress voted for the rejection of this military applets to create a single tank, which was abbreviated MW-70. Lightweight version of the tank, which in America was given the name of the HM803, and remained only the layout of the coming of the tank.
The layout of the main battle tank (MBT-70)
Designers products at all steps of the design and creation of the thought that MW-70 is a "common European tank." Hence, the similarity with the "Leopard", which was also considered at the outset in their tactical and technical characteristics as the "single tank of NATO." Many believe that it was a pretext for the restoration of post-war German military industry sectors such as tank building.
Automatic complex loading ammunition — the development of "Allison" (USA), which is a subsidiary of the concern "General Motors". It was based on the theory of the German inventor of the automatic feed ammunition to the tank shells. A similar system was fitted and Russian tanks T-64 and T-72.
The driver in the MW-70 is not located in the front of the case, and under the tower complex in the bow of the product.
Tank equip a powerful 1500 — a strong engine, which developed a speed of 65 km / h. MW-70 is a combined arms — this 152 mm gun and along with it antitank missile "Shilleyla." The tank is "dressed" in protivosnaryadnuyu armor. Designers have given a lot of importance on the protection of tactical means of nuclear attack, there is provided a complete sealing of the tank ventilation system with filters antineutron plastic screen that will work even in the radioactive area of infection. The aerodynamic configuration of body parts and variable ground clearance should give the tank overcharge resistance in contact with the area of the passage of the shock wave from the explosion of a nuclear weapon.
In the MW-70 engineering idea has applied a number of new technologies, such as hydro-pneumatic suspension, unique in its own way the control system firepower, strong protivosnaryadnuyu protection. Accordingly, it has grown and the price of the project, which is headed for astronomical about1 million This was another reason why such a successful, at the technical level and the perfect tank experienced the same fate as many prototypes.
Design features of IMT-70
-Technical assembly is located aft of the engine compartment.
-Hydropneumatic suspension improved
-The driver's compartment is located in the turret of a tank
-Artillery and tank equipment a two-plane stabilization. MW-70 is equipped with a unique system of fire control — laser rangefinder, an electric device ballistic calculator and atmospheric sensors
-In the tank is installed automatically with the ammunition feed mechanism samozaryazhaniya
Tactical and technical characteristics:
Weight in combat gear around 50 tonnes
The engine capacity of 1500 liters. with
The velocity of the greatest — up to 65 km / h
Weapons combined. Tank gun caliber of 152 mm,
Antitank missile "Shilleyla"