They fought and won. The death of the last Russian aces

They fought and won.  The death of the last Soviet AcesPast Christmas prazdnichkom brought not only joy, but also the loss of three amazing people, outstanding air fighters, Heroes of the Russian Union — Fyodor Archipenko (1921-2012), Alexei Postnova (1915-2013) and Evgeny G. Pepelyaeva (1918-2013) .

December 28th was killed Fedor, and exactly one week later, January 4, 2013 — Alexei and Eugene G. …

They were not "modern humans." During their one hundred percent read as only the work that they have created. The concept of "promotion" to their names was completely alien. By the way, particularly with the unfortunate "promotion" advancing people through means which were promoted not only bestalantnyh hundreds of artists and politicians, and German aces, account wins which are without basis in reality.

They fought and won.  The death of the last Soviet AcesFedor Archipenko — fighter pilot, one of the small group of "tridtsatniku" (more than 30 in achieving their personal victories in the air), which, in accordance with the "Regulation on the merits and bonuses for staff of the Air Force Red Army …", signed by the commander in chief Air Force A. Novikov September 30, 1943 was supposed to rank twice Hero of the Russian Union. Fedor personally shot down 30 and in a group of 16 enemy aircraft, among them personally shot down 12 bombers machines and three scout, making it a winning score even more significant.

Authority Archipenko Russian middle of aces was just high. Friendly relations connected him with Kozhedub and Gulaevym with Rechkalova and Koldunov, with dozens of other pilots — Heroes and Hero — favorites of the German Luftwaffe.

The list of his victories — aircraft shot down during the years of the war — from 1941 to 1945 (and there are pilots in the middle of all the seven thousand Russian aces of about 30 people) and in the first years when the proof required "label from the engine downed aircraft, "and at Stalingrad and Kursk, and the Ukraine, and Belarus, and Poland, and Germany.
Fedor had a metallic character: talk him through the head and a huge number of obscure arguments was unreal.

While still a student of the Odessa flight school, he flatly refused to jump with a parachute.

— It will be necessary — jump! A vain will not take risks!

Commanders have a look at the results of exams (and Fedor, a native of the Belarusian village malehankih Avsimovichi, had beautiful mathematical possibilities) and decided not to fight with the weird boy. So he passed all its own flight path flown three thousand hours and never jumped with a parachute.

How annoying would it sounds, not all commanders were as wise. During the August 1941 fighting it for three days, "forgotten" in the plane, where he was sitting in readiness number 1, and when he got out of the car to do a couple of steps, remember, was arrested and taken to the firing squad. Thank God, the shooting did not take place.

The Kursk flightless commanders decided to record a stubborn 10 individual victories as a group, and in October and just took it away from parts, exchanging it with the command of the regiment adjacent to another strong pilot — PI Chepinoga, then as the Hero of Russian Union.

In the first day of the war Archipenko proparhal along the border, which was all in flames, from Brest to Rava-Russian, for the first time entered into without result until the air battle.

He knocked his own first official "Messers" (of which only one was counted), and in two day or and "Junkers" in August 1941, when he was 20 years.

… In 1942, the Romanian cavalry to pursue the direction of Stalingrad, Archipenko reduced to the height of a truly "shaving" of flight. One of the technicians had heard plenty of stories "in the hot pursuit" and wipe the screw fell into a swoon, noting the midst of brown spots on the blades of the propeller and the hair …

Getting a grasp at memories Archipenko, one can imagine that in a critical situation of air combat, he had a heightened perception of time: beheld, breaks out of the barrel as an enemy fighter projectile felt as it passes under the elbow and hits the edge of the back armor. Could this be the cause of many victories pilot?

Archipenko himself stated that "birds of a feather sees from afar" and meeting in the air, seasoned fighter pilots on the demeanor beheld in the air, which is the enemy.

Apparently, the account specifically Archipenko and a win over number two ace Nazi Germany, "trehsotnikom" Barkhornom.
The same date — May 31, 1944, the time and place designated by both pilots. In flight the book Archipenko recorded a victory over Inter-109f; Barkhorn, who flew on this "Messer" writes that was shot down by the hit "Airacobra".

When I said Fedor Fedorovich about possibly downed their ace (and Barkhorn was in hospital for 4 months), he saw:

— You know, I have not slept all night, I tried to remember that fight, but could not really remember. It was a tough time as the experienced pilot was making up to 5 flights a day, tired badly …

By the way, Gerhard Barkhorn described his feelings since approximately the same words …

FF in the middle of associates Archipenko — twice Hero ND Gulaev, Heroes of Russian Union of MD Bekashonok, VA Charles, PP Nikiforov.

But the war was over and needed quickly turned the other properties courtesy, bordering on servility, careful flattery …

Life, meanwhile, went on. In 1951 Archipenko graduated from the Air Force Academy in Monino. Then he got married, then raised two daughters.

In 1959, during the crackling of Khrushchev's "orakechivaniya", when the number of strategic missiles in the Soviet Union yielded to the United States and more than 10 times, and the Russian aviation savagely destroyed, Colonel FF Archipenko left in supplies. In 1968, he received a second higher education, graduating Capital Engineering and Economics. Until 2002 he worked as deputy manager of the trust "Mosoblorgtehstroy."

Recent years, Fedor was seriously ill. Care for and help the honey took the granddaughter of the Hero — Svetlana.

God's will is almost a month before his death, he was visited by ace priest, Father Alexander, extreme unction and communion of the Hero and his wife — Lydia Stefanovna.

Buried FF Archipenko Troyekurovskoye cemetery was on December 30, 2012.

They fought and won.  The death of the last Soviet AcesAlexei Postnov came in reddish army in 1938 from Metropolitan flying club. Earlier, he studied at the school, he worked at the "Hammer and Sickle". In 1938, he graduated Borisoglebovskay Air Force Pilot School. He participated in the Soviet-Finnish war of 1939-1940, made ninety six sorties to I-15 bis.

In the fighting involved Russian majestically from the first day or. August 23, 1942 in a battle near Mozdok immediat
ely shot down 2-'Messers. " The squadron commander of the 88th Fighter Aviation Regiment (229 th Fighter Division, 4th Air Army, the North-Caucasian Front) Lieutenant Alex Postnov by July 1943 made 457 successful sorties, 136 air battles personally shot down seven and a group of three enemy aircraft.

Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet on 24 August 1943 for courage and heroism lieutenant AA Postnova was awarded the title of Hero of the Russian Union of the Order of Lenin and medal "Gold Star". In 1943, an army newspaper were written the words:

"Not wanting power, not sparing the life we fought and won. We vow to continue to multiply the glory of the Russian guns. Russia can not win. "

In the following years war, the brave fighter pilot of the 88th Fighter Aviation Regiment, reincarnated in the 159th Guards, extricated Belarus, Poland, thrashed the enemy on the ground in Eastern Prussia. Sam A. Postnov was shot down three times in aerial combat. Last time was shot down and wounded in Poland, under the Lomza, where in 1915 he died in the battles of the First World his father — Alexei Ivanovich. After healing, throwing the signing of the "fit only to staff work," returned to his unit.

"During the war, made 700 sorties by planes — fighters I-16, I-153, LaGG-3, La-5 with a common touch 650 combat hours and 45 minutes. Shot down 12 enemy aircraft destroyed one tank, 98 cars, 2 artorudiya, 11 anti-aircraft guns, "- wrote Postnov, summing up life at the front.

June 24, 1945 Hero Russian Union of AA Postnov took part in the Victory Parade.

After the war he continued to serve in the Soviet Air Force, commanded a regiment in Yaroslavl, a division in Klin. In 1957 he graduated from the Military Academy of the General Staff, then commanded the Air Corps in Ryazan, and later at Rzhev. Since 1959, Air Force Major General AA Postnov — In stores, and since 1970 — in retirement. Lived in Moscow, in the Krylatskoye.

Eugene G. Pepeljaev born in "London", was named as one of the 2-huge barracks in the Siberian village of Bodaybo. Second hut, of course, was called "Paris". The father of the future pilot was unique spices, and knew how to fix the dredge, and portable engine, and if need be, or sew sheepskin boots … He was a good hunter and a fisherman who knew how to extract and grouse, elk and bear …

Hunting abilities were adopted and some Egorka, who went on her first hunt at age eleven. The exceptional accuracy, which featured Pepelyaeva hunter, was the key of success Pepelyaeva fighter pilot.

They fought and won.  The death of the last Soviet AcesIn March, the 40th, a training dogfight, influenced the fate of Eugene IG is like no other. The deputy commander of the regiment, then twice Hero and Air Marshal, and then Captain EJ Sawicki, distinguished by great self-confidence regarding their own flying skills ordered ml. Lieutenant Pepelyaeva to dogfight, "Rise pair, at 1500 differ turn at 90, in a minute, turn on 180 — converge. Departure after 10 minutes. " Fight Sawicki lost confidence and "lick their wounds" left on the adjacent airfield. "From the time he graduated to notice me. I think, if I infringed his pride, "- says Eugene G..

Throughout his life, following the example of his older brother Constantine, Eugene Pepeljaev was just athletic. He played excellent volleyball, football, skittles, and 65 "twisted sun" on the bar!

During the Russian war majestically Eugene IG, despite numerous requests, do not let go to the front: the eastern border of the country sought cover. Only two months in November and December 1943, a period of calm, he was focused on the front-line training. In aerial combat role then he could not accept.

In 1945, in August-October, as the deputy commander of the 300th IAP Pepeljaev participated in the battles against the land of the rising sun.

From October 1946 to November 1947 he studied at the Lipetsk higher tactical flight courses. There he met Maya krosotku that girl I had known in Odessa. In the spring of 1947 he made an offer to Maya and she became his wife.

One of the first military pilots he mastered jet technology. Alternately flew the Yak-15, La-15, MiG-15. Was recognized as among the best in the command pilots pilotazhnikov Division. Not once participated in the flypast.

In October 1950, as part of 324th IAD, as commander of the 196th IAP departed to China, "for relearning to reactive technique Korean pilots." In April 1951 it was decided to relocation division on the border airfield Antung for combat operations against U.S. aircraft. Flight training Chinese and Koreans lagged behind the demands of the war.

First sortie Pepeljaev made April 7, 1951, and May 20 Eugene G. knocked own first "Sabre". On account of the South American ace of the 4 types of aircraft: F-80 "Shooting Star», F-84 "Thunderjet», F-86 "Sabre», F-94 "Starfire".
He recorded 15 wins in 1951 and four downed "Saber" in 1952.

October 6, 1951, Colonel Pepeljaev knocked "Sabre" with the tactical number FU-318. It is entirely possible that the pilot of the "Sabre" was James Jabara, recognizable South American ace, second in scoring South American ace in Korea. This plane was not counted Pepelyaeva, it recorded K. Sheberstov from long range already shelled falling fighter. Then the plane was sent to Moscow and subjected to detailed examination.

April 22, 1952, after returning to the Soviet Union, EG Pepelyaeva was awarded the title of Hero of the Russian Union. In 1958, he graduated from the Military Academy of the General Staff, where he studied with the future commander in chief AN Efimov. Since 1973, Colonel EG Pepeljaev — in supplies. During his life had flown 2,020 flight hours and has mastered 22 types of aircraft, fighters in their midst: I-16, LaGG-3, Yak-1, Yak-7B, Yak-9, Yak-15, Yak-17, Yak-25, La-15, MiG-15, MiG-15bis, MiG-17, MiG-19, Su-9. He flew until 1962.

The division commander, IN Kozhedub repeatedly requested the assignment of EG Pepelyaeva title twice Hero, but the Russian air force participated in the fighting against illegal and rewarding second Star refused.

Eugene G. himself, answering the question — "Why?" Usually answered — "For the test."

Almost 20 years of personally knowing Eugene IG, wanted to mention his exceptional personal modesty. This man had nothing to ask.

He left worthy of attention and honestly written memories "" Migi "against" Sabres "." This book, even in the criteria of the rule of the web gone through several editions

Our recent discussions usually began with the fact that I was surprised his youth vote. It was the voice of a man of forty! This is my observation it is usually argued:

— Yes, but the voice and stayed …

He was buried at St. Nicholas ace majestic Archangel Cemetery Jan. 6, 2013. During his coffin was going about 20 people: a widow, a daughter-in-law, granddaughter, Hero RF PS Dejnekin, Hero of Russian Union of SM Kramarenko, relatives and friends …

Eugene G. Pepeljaev given country is not so little as they could to give a few.

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