Serial Chinese main battle tank of the third generation «Type 99» (ZTZ-99) is a machine, made on the basis of layout «Type 98». One of the first versions of this tank with heavy armor protection was revealed by NORINCO in 2000. The tank was on display on a special pedestal. Initially, in some sources, this modification was designated as «Type 98G» (from the Chinese «guy» — usovershnstvovanny as amended). In the same 2000 was released the first batch of 40 tanks «Type 99». North China Research Institutes Engineering number 201 (NEVORI, Beijing) and the first engineering company FIRMACO (last factory number 617 in g.Baotou, Inner Mongolia), which the developers of this machine began to work on improving the layout as soon as «Type 98» overlooked the tests. The main directions of the tank to increase the features are: increased mobility by installing a massive 1,500-horsepower diesel engine with turbo, improved fire control system, increase security by installing an integrated dynamic protection for frontal projection turret and hull.
Combined frontal projection of the tank body armor enhanced by installing an integrated dynamic protection units located over the main reservation, with the tower blocks placed «corner.» In addition, further protected niche aft tower, where the dynamic protection is mounted on top of the mesh basket. A similar scheme could also booking behold the modernized tank «Type 96» and Pakistan «Al-Khalid». If the first model of «Type 99» blocks DZ installed over the main armor parts, the next they were first integrated into a common reservation. In addition, the configuration of additional blocks in the production of machinery processes that use more varied. Originally cheekbones towers were increased only forward, and then they become more beveled sides, which also blocks were located DMZ. In addition, some blocks on the latest machines and was installed on the roof of the tower, thus increasing its cumulative ammunition makarom from affecting the upper hemisphere. Modular design allows fast booking replace damaged components with new ones.
As mock «Type 98» Tank «type 99» is equipped with built-in laser complex active opposition JD-3, consisting of built-in laser rangefinder sensor laser warning LRW and combat maser LSDW. Upon receipt of the signal laser beam irradiation enemy tank, the system produces a warning signal to turn to the side of the tower found the source, then cut one feeble power laser beam, defining clear goals residence, then beam power simultaneously rises to critical levels and disables the optical means or bodies of the enemy operator.
Improved fire control system of the tank contains a combined gunner and commander sights to be independent stabilization, laser rangefinder, thermal imager, a digital ballistic computer, 2-plane stabilizer arms, a set of sensors (atmospheric criterion bore wear, etc.), functional panel with commander color indicator and auto-tracking system goals. Image from the imager is displayed on color monitors commander and gunner (multiple x11, 4, and x5). In addition, the tank is fitted with an inertial navigation system and satellite (GPS) channels whose data are also displayed commander and superimposed on the terrain map. The tank is equipped with modern radio and TPU.
The main armament of the tank — 125-mm smoothbore gun — the Chinese version of Russian tank gun 2A46. Gun barrel is equipped with thermal insulation jacket. As «Type 98», the tank «Type 99» is set hydromechanical autoloader carousel on 22 shots. The total ammunition is shot separately 41-cased loader with armor-piercing projectiles with a detachable tray, cumulative projectiles, high-explosive anti-tank and tank 9M119 «Reflex» Russian production (laser-guided). Auxiliary armament consists of coaxial 7.62-mm machine gun «type 86» and 12.7-mm anti-aircraft W-85. The sides of the tower are two 5-block barrel smoke grenade «Type 84».
Mounted on the tank «Type 99» diesel engine cooling water turbo power of 1500 hp created on the basis of the German MB871ka501. When the mass of the tank 54 tons it gives specific power 27.78 hp / ton and the highest speed on the highway — 80 km / h (cross country — up to 60 km / h). Tank accelerates from a standstill to 32 km / h in just 12 seconds. Mechanical planetary gear anticipates 7 speeds for forward and one reverse. Torsion bar suspension with giroamortizatorami.
After the release of 40 tanks «Type 99» creating them has been continued, but low rates. At the moment, these modern machines are armed only with elite units of the PLA stationed in Beijing and Shenyanskom military surroundings.