One of the mysteries of human remains vanished Atlantis. First wrote about it in 2350 years ago, the Greek philosopher Plato in his "Timaeus and Critias." Since then the island, allegedly fallen to the sea floor, is fascinating and attracts the attention of researchers, which is still a mystery, mystery, myth …
Recently published a book historian Andrew Collins, who questioned the existence of this civilization and at the same time calls the hypothetical location of Atlantis. Here's what he thinks about it. Plato described Atlantis as an empire founded by the sea god Poseidon on site, which occupies an area of Asia and Libya combined. In this empire was a large and thriving capital city with its rich high society, magnificent palaces, numerous ports and bays, taking naval vessels from around the world and "the opposite continent" as well. Apparently, Plato meant continent that we now call America. Atlantis controlled the entire Atlantic Ocean. A collapse of the empire came when its rulers have decided to conquer the Mediterranean. This was resisted Greece, which defeated Atlantis in a major naval battle. When Zeus realized that the destruction of Atlantis is inevitable, he unleashed the forces of nature, so that "one day and one night" flood and earthquake destroyed the island. Plato gives two dates destruction of Atlantis: the year 8570 BC by Timaeus and 9421 BC on Crete.
Atlantis is dedicated to more than 6,000 books. Different authors refer to a different location of this civilization. In some it is in America, others — in Northern Europe, and others claim that Atlantis was located within the Atlantic Ocean as a separate continent … And our contemporaries believe that Atlantis was in Crete.
Collins proposes to agree with Plato, who said that Atlantis was a separate island or the mainland. In the "Timaeus and Critias", he wrote that it was a large, well-watered island, which is "stretched from the coast to the center of three thousand stadia (552 km) on one side and two thousand stadia (368 km) to the other side. In the north, west and east coast and mountains. On the south side of the valley was located at sea level, where there were magnificent Capitol. Consequently, according to Plato, the island occupied an area 700 by 400 km. However Plato did not say that the island encompasses the entire territory of the empire. It seems that the empire included a number of islands that are "close to the opposite of the continent." But the "opposite continent" could be only America, but the island then had to be in the western Atlantic.
How could know about the existence of America Plato, who wrote his work in 350 BC? After all, Europeans learned about the existence of this continent due to Columbus in 1492! there is evidence that for thousands of years before Columbus were made between the continents of real contacts. In 1976, French scientists found in the tissues of the mummy of Egyptian Pharaoh Ramses II the presence of tobacco. The conclusion: tobacco, considered only those brought to Europe after the discovery of America, was known in the ancient world back in 1200 BC In 1992, the German toxicologist Svetlana Balabanov examined the mummy of the Munich museum and found clear evidence of the presence of traces of cocaine in it. Cocaine is known to be one of the potent ingredients, the coca leaf, which is also considered the birthplace of America. This fact can not be interpreted otherwise than as evidence of transoceanic contacts America and Ancient Egypt.
In one eastern provinces Mexico have long found stone heads, each weighing several tons. They are installed on the territory, which from 1200 to 400 BC inhabited by the Olmecs. Curiously, some of the goals have distinct Negroid features. This suggests the presence on the continent in those days the black Africans. Other statues — Semitic features. Hence, the Olmec people associated with the Mediterranean sea routes. But strong evidence of the existence of such links are contained in the rows of Plato. In discussing the implications of the disappearance of Atlantis in the sea, he wrote: "The open ocean can not be crossed, because it is blocked with silt and mud, which is almost on the water's surface. So leave the island is not possible. " This is not nothing but a description of the Sargasso Sea. Between the Bahamas and the Azores algae come to the surface of the sea and sailing make it impossible. The Bahamas is famous for its shallow waters.
Collins makes based on the writings of Plato concluded that Atlantis was located on the west coast of the Atlantic, somewhere in the region of the Caribbean. In a philosophical essay "Timaeus and Critias," Plato says that the islands are close to each other and represented the entire ridge. By the way, so look the Caribbean. This idea (that Atlantis was located in the Caribbean) is not new. In 1798 the Italian scholar Paolo Karber made a similar suggestion by identifying Atlantis with Hispaniola, the island of Haiti and the Dominican Republic. He pointed to the fertile land and navigable rivers, the Bahamas and the island of Haiti. True, he has chosen does not match the description in the "Timaeus and Critias" island.
In Plato we read, "The hill with uneven rocky shores," which corresponds to the characteristic of Hispaniola. But Hispaniola never been a strategically important seaport and could not be. This is not true of Cuba, whose sea bays created by nature for the reception of ships. Providing easy access to Mexico and North America. Cuba — the most fertile island of the Caribbean, and there is lots of navigable rivers, about which he wrote Karber. All of this points to the fact that Cuba is the real location of Atlantis. and even Plato said: "The city is surrounded by a plain which, in turn, is surrounded by mountains that descend to the sea." Very similar to Cuba's western plain that stretches west from Havana to Pinar del Rio. 9000 years ago, the plain extends to the south up to the point where now is located in the Gulf of Batobano island ute. This plain long ago vanished into the sea, like Atlantis. The sinking of the "one day and one night" reveals the last piece of the puzzle. Such a cataclysm destroyed the western part of Atlantis at the time described by Plato.
In 8500 BC in North America, crashed into the comet, which led to a strong explosion. fragments of the comet obraeovali 500,000 craters, known as the Carolina Bays — many small islands that stretch from New Jersey to Florida. The explosion caused a huge giant wave. And if Cuba was any civilization, it is most likely a comet explosion destroyed it is no worse than it would have made Zeus himself.
See also: Antarctica without ice, found the remains of a mammoth.