At the beginning of this year, U.S. President Barack Obama, according to the views of his followers, made unpopular move, supporting the latest military doctrine of the country. Brand new policy provides for a significant reduction in defense spending, which, in the views of the President, does not affect the country's military an advantage.
Forming factors latest strategy was the end of the military presence in Iraq and Afghanistan, defense cuts because of the financial crisis, increasing military the potential of China and Iran.
In his own speech, Obama said the future value of the U.S. military action in Asia and the Middle East. Recall that just two years back Barack Obama spoke about the readiness of the U.S. Army to conduct the war against the simultaneous 2-fully combat-capable countries. Now the president declares a full-scale war and take all measures in order to prevent a war on another front. In the same 2010 brand new military doctrine of the Pentagon refused earlier adopted under President Bush, according to which the U.S. could cause a "nuclear attack on the state, a non-nuclear weapon if it threatens the U.S. other types of weapons of mass destruction, such as bacteriological or chemical" . As a result of this announcement, the U.S. pledged to use nuclear weapons only as a deterrent, which had already caused resentment of the Yankees, who believe that country "Losing ground."
In general, the development of the current doctrine took about eight months and, in the views of its creators, it came just in time. In addition, this is the first attempt to Obama to reform the army, the cost of which the most highest in the world. Now the focus will be centered on the spetsnaz units, mobile power and large developments that, in the views of the U.S. president, will not affect the global leadership of the U.S. Army. In contrast, army become more flexible, mobile and ready for what ever threats.
Obama worried about the rising costs of China's military, nuclear capabilities of Iran and not the warmest deal with Russia. At the same time, he said, the U.S. refuses to invest for strategic partnerships and alliances, first NATO. Extraordinary care to the United States will maintain in relation to the Middle East.
In total, over the coming decade, savings in military expenditures should be between 500 billion to a trillion dollars.
Despite the lack of clarity in some detail, Obama has been criticized by opponents, as planned reduction of 15% of the elite U.S. Army: Marines and the Army. From the beginning of the year 2015 should lay off about 100,000 troops.
In addition, the Pentagon will have to wait with the purchase and modernization of certain types of weapons. It is, at first, about the newest fighters and bombers of the 5th generation of «F-35", some modifications submarines. Yet army U.S. wants to give one billion dollars for 19 helicopters Block III AH-64 Apache and 659 million — over 36 unmanned MQ-1 Grey Eagle, also invest in the development of tactical communications network and upgrade military transport.
Not the least resentment in the country caused a reduction in social assistance payments and the military, are usually very high in the United States.
It is necessary to see that the armed forces of the United States consists of a constant and a reserve component, the number of which in the past year was 1.3 million military personnel and 684 civilian personnel thousand people. In addition, in the army reserves, there are more than 1 million people. The latter include the reserves of the number of people the Army, Air Force, Navy, Marines, Coast Guard, Army and Air Force troops and State Guard.
Republican opponents have already branded the proposed doctrine of "strategy mediocrity" and the "war chief with his army." Its final adoption can take place in February — for the earlier these changes need to push through the budget.
As for reducing the costs of military operations abroad, in 2012 they were reduced by 30 percent. The main precedent that would be the withdrawal of troops from Iraq. In total, the presence of U.S. troops in hot spots in 2011 "ate" 102 billion dollars budget funds. By calculations of high-ranking officials of the U.S. Army, in the present state of affairs it is necessary to allocate 145 billion Pentagon, in turn, braked by 118 billion
By the way, this is not the first, although not as significant, reduction in military spending dollars. For example, the U.S. defense budget in 2009 amounted to 515.44 billion dollars, of which 125.247 billion. dollars has been allocated for the needs of the personnel; 179788000000. dollars — for daily operations; at 104216000000. USD has been made purchases of military equipment, weapons and material resources; 79616000000. dollars spent for research and development activities; 21197000000. dollars — for the construction of military facilities; 3203000000. U.S. — guides, 2173000000. dollars spent to cover the cost of spare funds. In the same year the figure the cost of military defense was almost 4% of GDP, or $ 1,470 per capita. Already in 2010, the contents of the 1st U.S. Army soldier in a war zone (Iraq or Afghanistan) costs $ 500 thousand dollars in year.
In addition, many voters in the American patriots wanted to hear, in the end, the real number costs the U.S. military budget for the period since the second world war. Recall that from 1945 until the present day United States took part in 18 military conflicts: the Korean War (1950-1953), military operations in the Dominican Republic (1965), Vietnam War (1961-1973); plainclothes war in Laos ( 1964-1973); plainclothes war in Cambodia (1969-1973), as part of the Multinational Force in Lebanon (1982-1984): the invasion of Grenada (1983), in "Operation El Dorado Canyon" in Lebanon (1986), the invasion of Panama (1989-1990), the Gulf War against Iraq and Kuwait (1991), in UN peacekeeping operations in Somalia (1992-1994), in operation "Reasonable force" in Bosnia (1995), Sudan (1998), Afghanistan ( 1998), in Kosovo — NATO's war against Yugoslavia (1999), in counter-terrorism operations in Afghanistan (2001 — present day) in the Iraq War (2003 — 2011) and "Operation Odyssey Dawn" in Libya (2011).
First, in 2012, U.S. Defense Secretary Robert Gates has failed to answer the question about the number of South American troops in Afghanistan, and in fact according to the Pentagon accrued economical means. According to the documentation, now in this country remains 98 thousand U.S. troops. But according to representatives of the U.S. Army at the beginning of 2012 in Iraq is 3.5 thousand people, and in Afghanistan — about 64 thousand soldiers.
And, although in the hottest days of the number of U.S. troops in the country accounted for more than 170,000 people now, according to military officials, there were only "a few" soldiers and mercenaries, providing all possible assistance to the local police.
Exciting, and other data: the curtain of the outgoing 2011 noble rating GlobalFirePower, which deals with the definition of the military capacity of the world, unveiled its latest data. The mechanism of the GFP-rating based on analysis of the characteristics of 45 different military capabilities of states and takes as its basis, the reports of ministries of Defense, intelligence agencies, military publications an
d statistical reports. The list includes 55 states army, estimated by the numerical composition of the army, the number of armed naval, air and ground forces, the volume of financing. In the end, the first took place in the ranking United States, the second — Our homeland, and the third — China. Interestingly, in the 2011 rankings were Finland, Ethiopia, Belgium, Switzerland, Jordan, Yemen, Qatar, Portugal, Algeria, Singapore, and Malaysia. The presence of nuclear weapons in service with this rating does not take into account.
United States in the first place were because of the size of the army, numbering 1.5 million people, with the full amount of technology: Navy — 2.4 thous., Air Force — 18.2 thous., Land Troops — 56.3 thousand units. and last year's funding of a 692 billion dollars.
The advantage of RF is almost twice the number of military equipment for ground troops — 91.7 thousand units. But a loss in performance rating of the strength of the steel — 1.2 million people. In addition, a number of air force equipment totaled 2.7 thousand units., Naval forces — 233 units. And, of course, almost ten times the smallest sum of the military budget — 56 billion dollars.
But in the third-place finisher China army of 2.3 million people, while the needs of the military budget of the Celestial Empire has allocated an impressive amount of 100 billion dollars.
In the middle of the CIS states in the ranking were Ukraine (20th place), and Georgia, which is on the 50th place.
By the way, the number of Ukrainian army — 159 thousand people, 20.8 thousand units. Army vehicles, 1,000 units. — Air Force 70. — Navy. Funding for 2011 year amounted to 1.2 billion dollars.
According to the views of many professionals, at the current rate of funding of defense Beijing, and the yearly growth of around 8% in 2-3 years, China will be able to catch up and overtake the United States, that will be the impetus for a new round of the arms race. Especially since the creators of the rating range is that their characteristics are spent by China on defense, the appropriate provision. According to the views of some professionals, these amounts are 1.5-3 times more.
Into the hands of the Middle Kingdom, according to the views of opponents of the military doctrine of 2012 by President Obama, will play the U.S. military budget. After all, military power of China now poses a swing U.S. advantage in the Pacific. The imminent strengthening China's position is entirely to his casting vote in regional disputes, and in addition, provide an opportunity to extend territorial waters regardless of international norms, which will close its adversaries the use of sea routes, air, gallakticheskogo and cyberspace. According to the views of some professionals, China is at the moment can claim to be the second superpower of the world, but refrained from taking action, remembering the sad ending of the Union of Russian, who had preventively to be a superpower, the United States opponent during the "cold war". China will have enough patience to wait for worldwide recognition not as a regional "center of power" as the country with the new geo-political level. And the status of the first superpower of the planet.
Bulgarian clairvoyant Vanga … more than 5 decades back foretold: "Beware, for the yellow dragon is coming …". Not hard to guess what this is about, is not it?