Car protected "Lynx" (IVECO 65E19WM).
The vehicle is intended for use as a means of providing mobile personnel and tasks of service and combat the activities of different types of troops and security forces, as well as a transport medium base light weapons systems, communications, and military equipment.
In 2008, an agreement was reached between the Ministry of Defense of Russian Federation, JSC "KAMAZ" and the company IVECO (Italy) on joint examination of the possibility of using military IVECO auto production techniques in the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation.
In the period from 2009 to 2011 in order to assess compliance with the main tactical and technical characteristics of samples of experienced all-wheel drive armored cars IVECO 65E19WM (LMV) the requirements of the Ministry of Defense of Russian Federation tests were performed 2-cars purchased from Italy.
During the test, a complex laboratory, laboratory and road works and probegovyh tests in accordance with the duly approved applets.
Tests were carried out on the basis of scientific and technical center OJSC "KAMAZ" and FSI "21 NIII Defense Ministry" Bronnitsy. At the request of the Ministry of Defence vehicle IVECO 65E19WM (LMV) received the title of "Lynx".
Sensational video where IVECO in the race on the virgin snow behind the Russian armored vehicles, explained simply. First you have purchased cars that are not adapted for use in the Russian Federation, with a wide front bumper in the box which did not include protection from snow and snow chains, which are available on these machines armies of Norway and Austria. Wide bumper when driving in deep snow to create the effect of blade, pushing ahead IVECO snowdrift, which led to a significant slowdown of stroke. The car is not stuck, but it was hard, jerks.
Now for the snow-covered areas, including and the Russian Federation, cars are equipped with special protection sump engine that performs the functions immediately divider snow bumper design changed.
The results of the tests are made to sign with the issuance of advice on additional special tests to determine the safety parameters when exposed to the damaging causes of the current tools.
Also at the request of the Defense Ministry by the Italian side were made subsequent improvements:
— used 1 alternator to 240A at 28V instead of 2 alternators to 110 A at 28 V;
— installed 24-volt electrical equipment with converters DC / DC (constant current) at 12;
— BATTERY is protected from falling stones;
— an additional combo heater to heat the motor to cool time of the year with a nominal thermal capacity of ≥ 8 kW, applicable also for heating the cab;
— criterion for the weather to improve in the cockpit, added an additional diesel heater with a nominal thermal capacity of ≥ 2kW created to heat the cabin and installed in the rear of the vehicle;
— on the hood are two additional bracket for the antenna;
— set a shorter bumper with foglights in the higher part of the triangle and a towing device as the front bumper;
— is protected from snow in the lower part of the front;
— Used tow bar in the back with an increased angle of towing;
— An extra socket for electrical equipment for towing;
— increased width of the running boards up to 180 mm;
— increased critical load on an annular support in the access holes (on the roof) to 200 kg;
— increased the maximum roof load limit up to 300kg.;
— Redesigned seats in the substitution of the cladding material;
— rassredotachivaniya power unit installed in the cockpit with a branch connectors (12/24) for connecting consumers;
— mounted ceiling lamps for lighting steps and lighting equipment for the commander in svetomaskirovochnom mode;
— Bracket set for a multi-element antenna (in the form of a spoiler) at the rear of the cargo compartment;
— of the vehicle includes elements (air inlet and exhaust pipe element) in order to overcome the ford;
— OUTDOOR car greenish colors to RAL 6014;
Extras included in the car next part:
— carbon dioxide fire extinguisher
— triangular towing device
— winch with electronic drive
— spare wheel
— a set of tools and strippers
— management manual
— a service book
— management of maintenance and repair.
Russian IVECO testers noticed a very comfortable automatic device controlling the pressure in the tires, which can be changed by pressing the usual buttons in accordance with the criteria of travel without leaving the cab. Car seats are very comfortable for the crew, for example, they have a special recess under the vest, which take on the weight of your shoulders and discharged soldier. Protection the head from shaking while driving and the impact of the shock pulse at undermining firmly ensured special headrest. Installed seats are equipped with five-point safety belts with a lock frisky uncoupling. In addition the design seat suspended from the inner frame, as the special trays under your feet the crew significantly lower dynamic loads in a landmine explosion.
The company IVECO often confirms the highest degree of protection of own car. In 10 years of operation was performed in 28 demo explosions at landfills and about 10 cars were undermined by the enemy in the criteria of the fighting. The only case where people died, was recorded June 26, 2011, when the Spanish army armored vehicle was blown up by militants in Afghanistan. Despite the fact that the power of the lateral blast measured 120 kg of TNT (which is 10 times greater than the stated acid resistance in suicide) died only two people from the crew, and three others were wounded, but remained alive.
Car specially designed so that at blasting machine in any case does not tip over or tip over, which is achieved by the special shape of the bottom.
In IVECO wheels have special inserts mine and substance spanning the holes, allowing you to keep the car on the mobility at undermining the lungs of anti-personnel mines and firing of small arms weapons.
In the period from 07 to 12 March 2011, together wi
th the spices of the Defense Ministry and OJSC "KAMAZ" in landfills Germany in Ulm (ballistic tests) and in Shrobenhauzene (tests at undermining) conducted special tests to determine the safety parameters when exposed to damaging causes Modern tools.
At the trials attended by the head of the Head Armored Directorate of the Ministry of Defence, General Director of JSC "KAMAZ", the chief designer of "KAMAZ" and other defense officials and military industry.
Russian experts at day or two spent shelling IVECO special armor-piercing incendiary bullets B-32 with the introduction of ballistic trunk of 7.62 x 54. Specifically from that bomb maker guarantee complete protection on the third level of STANAG 4569 (it corresponds to the Russian 6a class ballistic on GOST 50963-96). The shelling was coming from different distances in different parts of the vehicle: the compound armor plates, the edges of the glass, in order to find vulnerabilities. In the first day it was made 150 shots in the second — about 60. Neither the 1st penetration has been achieved.
Then he was made two car bomb IVECO: under the front left wheel and under the bottom.
As an explosive device in the first day was used 6.4 kg of TNT. Process blasting shot from different angles by several cameras that have been established including inside a vehicle. Placed in the driver's seat special mannequin, one hundred percent simulates the human body.
I have been shown a few videos, one of which was allowed to put in the web.
The explosion destroys the front undercarriage, it damages the engine, but bronekapsuly intact. Hatch deliberately made so that swing open in the explosion and that protect the crew from the excess pressure. Inside the car damage is limited displacement of the control column (contact with the driver was not) and chipped plastic front panel.
Inspection showed that the dummy driver, who was closer to the point of explosion, do not hurt, just flown away a little piece of the panel he has torn pants and cut my leg below the knee. Sensors detect that the limit is exceeded, overload for the human body was not.
During the second day were produced by two of shell explosion of an explosive device under the passenger seat to the right of the driver's seat and under the rear right seat. The explosion destroyed suspended on silent blocks V-shaped iron mine protection, but the bottom bronekapsuly only a little swollen. Breakout failed.
As the Italian manufacturer headed for such a result? Development of protection involves the creation of a separate bronekapsuly for the crew compartment, which is equipped with a clay ballistic protection, fastened to a metal frame, standard armor plates and bulletproof. Webbing is a special tubular frame.
• Reddish — Ballistic protection
• The grayish — armored glass
• Greenish — standard panels
• Blue — iron frame
The energy of the explosion protection gradually extinguished clay, double-layered bottom, studs, roof mounted system. To the members of the crew car seats through the suspension system comes considerably weakened the momentum of acceleration, which does not exceed the medical standards for human overload.
The tests confirmed the compliance of vehicles IVECO 65E19WM (LMV) requirements established by the Ministry of Defense Russian Federation on the protective properties when exposed to the damaging causes of the current tools.
After the elimination of deficiencies and the special expertise of the Ministry of Defence decided to prepare an order of Defense of the Russian Federation "On taking the car IVECO 65E19WM (LMV) to supply the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation" and the purchase of a pilot batch of cars for the military trials in parts of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation Ministry of Defense.
In April 2011, the first batch of 10 vehicles IVECO in the form of assembly kits (rear compartment, side steps, heater, hood, winch, spare wheel, set to overcome ford — separately from the car) came from the factory (Bolzano, Italy) the Scientific and Technical Center of OJSC "KAMAZ", which was produced their assembly. Acquisition was followed by:
— four vehicles with a winch, mounted with a spare wheel and a set of skid chains fitted to the wheel while driving on the virgin snow.
— 6 vehicles without winch, no chains slip and technological installing the spare wheel
At the current time, the party car "Lynx» (IVECO 65E19WM (LMV)) runs operational (military) tests in the units of the Land Forces of the Russian Federation.
At the request of the Defense Ministry in GABTU OJSC "KAMAZ" designed collapsible design prot
ection in the form of a hand turning the rotating turret, which is installed on the roof and can be supplied as with cars Lynx, and other products.
Apart from the 5-seat version of the machine and there is a six bed. In the standard motorized rifle unit seven people (commander, gunner turret weapons, a machine gunner, rifleman, grenadier, rifleman, grenadier assistant, driver), but taking into account that "Lynx" is not necessary gunner turret weapons (its function is to perform a machine gunner) then state offices this armored car will match the number of seats in the car.
The upcoming continuation of cooperation with the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation by IVECO will depend on the results of military trials and reviews of cars operating divisions.
In the long term, on the stage of the government negotiations, the issue of production of cars "Lynx" on the ground Russian Federation partially localized production of devices products. OJSC "KAMAZ" will provide assistance to the structure that will create a car "Lynx" in Russia, but the company is not interested in the production of the machine. The final decision on the enterprise-collector will be taken by State "Russian Technologies".