Internal otitis (Or labyrinthitis) — is inflammation inner ear. This is a very serious disease, which, fortunately, is not common. In most cases internal otitis does not occur by itself, but is a complication of acute or chronic otitis media, or severe general infectious disease (eg, tuberculosis), or due to injury.
What's going on?
Infection with internal otitis penetrates into the inner ear (cochlea) in different ways. Through average ear — in purulent inflammations, through the meninges — meningitis, a blood— A variety of infections.
Onset of the disease is most often accompanied by tinnitus, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, upset the sense of balance, hearing loss. With a favorable course of the disease inflammatory fluid (exudate) resolves. Otherwise there is an accumulation of pus in the inner ear with subsequent complete loss of hearing.
Diagnosis and treatment
When the above symptoms should consult an otolaryngologist. A patient taking blood from a finger for the CBC to produce X-rays of the temporal sinuses.
Depending on the severity of the process is carried out at internal otitis conservative treatment (bed rest, dehydration therapy — a drip of fluids, antibiotics) or surgery (in the maze and in the middle ear).