Exactly 12 years ago, the New Earth has officially become a central Russian nuclear test site
In the "Book of Secrets" — an informal Bible Russian followers of UFO and paranormal phenomena — the archipelago given its rightful place. "By the nature of the object in the New Earth is the Russian equivalent of the American S-4/Area-51 facility in Nevada — ufologists believe. — Since 1985, the base of the New Earth re-profiled and converted for storage and study of UFOs … Currently on Four disc-shaped object stored object, of which three are the UFO that crashed (in 1978 under Zhigansky, in 1972 and 1984. Kazakhstan, in addition, one aircraft "Rus" was created using technology UFO). base commander General . "
Few witnesses (entrance on the island is limited) research repeatedly observed flying captured UFOs. However, the last time the intensity of flights decreased slightly. That, however, supporters of the idea has only strengthened in the faith. We know also what is now financing the army, the military is not to test the paranormal. That's before — a different matter. Oh, there was a time …
Incidentally, the author of these lines is most relevant to describing a secret.
I'll tell you more personally and repeatedly delivered the engines to these UFOs.
It was in those days, when the secrecy of the object reached its climax. And the very phrase "New Earth" in combination with the word "range" is not uttered aloud. This is only Boris Yeltsin February 27, 1992 to sign a decree with the eloquent title "On the test site in the New Earth." Initially, the test site was called "Object 700". However, and this mysterious name belonged to the category of state secrets: Resolution of the Council of Ministers in 1954 on the equipment on Novaya Zemlya nuclear center was closed. Later converted to a "testing ground N 6/6." Although the location of the previous five nuclear sites and did not know anyone. Rather they did not exist in nature. Number landfill was clearly intended to confuse the enemy.
And in order to spy on enemies finally bring to the state of geographical cretinism, the nuclear island called Anderma. Although polar village of the same name is in a different location, 300 kilometers east of …
If there was one on the islands that the paranormal, as a service of the regime. In the absence of these infiltrators Polygons counterintelligence trained on others. Of particular weakness had for reporters. Civil years there generally not allowed. With military newspapermen, has all the necessary approvals, there was a tricky game in the best traditions of the detective. The author of these lines, as an officer of the Air Defense Forces, he repeatedly portrayed Shtirlitsa and counterintelligence — Müller. At the request of the possibility of visiting the corresponding objects in the archipelago (not nuclear, and the, Army) Navy did not give confirmation. To put the fleet in place, yours truly made out … accompanying the goods (engines and spare parts for air defense fighters) on a military transport "Ana." Deny Novozemelskaya aviators to deliver goods to their garrisons navy could not. So I became a professional escort cargo — "brought" to the New Earth several engines for fighter aircraft.
Actually, our regiment of Su-27 and was the only UFO base on nuclear archipelago. All other flying objects, usually identifiable and time … or evicted (foreign intelligence aircraft), or were shot in the air (unmanned spy balloons).
By the way, if anyone is lucky enough to enjoy the Su-27 is not from the outside, but, for example, standing on its fuselage, the analogy with the "flying saucer" is quite appropriate. The aircraft according to the forms and external geometry is very unusual. There is a complete sense of presence for something extraterrestrial.
Closeness of Novaya Zemlya was used and it was not on purpose. For example, in order to make the person restricted to travel abroad.
— At one time, there has been specially sent for military service, Anton Tokarev, said the former officer-Defense Forces Vladimir Baturkin. — The son of the famous Willy Tokarev. I met a soldier. Despite the pressure, the guy behaved very decently, the father did not respond poorly. But at the general meeting of the Young Communist League, of course, had to say that to his father in America would never go. What is actually required of him. In principle, such a decision was given to the guy easily: it is understood that the soldier, who served in the sensitive sites, a minimum of 5 years will be denied the right to travel abroad.
Today … things have changed. Man after visiting the archipelago is no longer restricted to travel abroad. Moreover, the islands again appeared the civilian population, not obeying the command of the military and civilian authorities of Arkhangelsk. Now living in the archipelago something about 1000 nevoennoobyazannyh shower, while the municipality "New Earth" is even the official coat of arms. He — I quote the document — "is a dark-red shield with an old Russian silver snowy owl with wings spread over a golden symbolic representation of the atom. Shield on both sides hold two polar bears standing on the ice."
In the sense of humor of the islanders can not refuse. Though somewhat peculiar.
— Once, during a routine involving all hands associated with the installation of a concrete plug, plugging tunnel with nuclear warheads, the object came polar bears, says Vladimir Tsaubulin, head of the scientific part of the landfill. — We drove it. Did not want to leave, I had to literally push the beast rover in the ass. But still left. It takes a couple of days, set the desired weather, comes the "good" from Moscow. Run the automation, the clock starts ticking. And suddenly appeared on the screen bear snout. Bear wanders through a deserted area in front of the galleries of the containers with the special equipment! I had to throw a "hunting" helicopter. Bruin again escaped …
A few days later we found him. It killed not by radiation. Just as the helicopter flew away, a curious bear went back to our mountain with a nuclear warhead. A strong push in the explosion, apparently, the bear dropped from a cliff onto the rocks …
In a sense, the polar bears have paid dearly for the right to maintain nuclear shield on the arms of the archipelago. And they are not alone.
It is believed that all 132 nuclear tests were bloodless. This is only partly true. In the literal sense of the people in the flames of nuclear explosions did not burn. But the experimental animals die as they want. And people were dying — but many years later, and not in the archipelago.
From the memoirs of Rear Admiral JH Pargamona, a veteran submariner special risk units: "It was 1955. I commanded the submarine" S-19 ". Ships crews were placed on the barrels on the disposition of certain scientists at distances around the circumference of the epicenter of the atomic explosion . At the epicenter of the raid was a minesweeper, the mast is installed a special device which allows for the radio signal to undermine the nuclear charge.
An eerie sight: the eyes grew fiery mushroom cloud dome. It's shot up the hot burning wreckage of the ship bomber. Soon an ominous cloud disappeared out of sight, and there was dead silence.
Going into Pestsovaya, we saw our boat. She was in an unfavorable light on a sandy beach with a heel and trim. The bow of the land, and feed ducked in the water. Light body with baked black board to paint, warped deck, fence damaged conning tower. Depressing. "
From the memoirs of Vice Admiral Eugene Shitikova: "Once on the shore of Black Bay. Panelboard in homes. Guba Black before the explosion was cool and calm. Suddenly … The Sultan stood up instantly. Arose post, and immediately began to form at the top of the mushroom. Pillar inside empty and the walls of water. white and white on the inner glow. pillar stood for a long time. impression is that the genie out of the bottle and froze. then post began to break down, and got a cloud that has suffered across the bay and the spit. We do not feel the shock wave. But it was easy to see how a shock wave runs through the water. living exhibits (dogs and sheep) were killed, the ships sunk, coastal structures are destroyed. "
The second test — after two years. Rear Admiral JH Pargamon: "My boat was a special task ought to lie on the ground at a depth of 60 m at a distance of 600 m from the explosion, and experience for yourself, and uploaded to the cells of experimental animals (dogs and sheep) the result of the nuclear submarine explosion.
The surface of the water in the area of finding ships goals suddenly rising, came a powerful rumble and roar, and then shot up into the air flaming wreckage add destroyer "Terrible," and the ship quickly sank. Such a fate befell another destroyer — "Furious." His commander, Captain 2nd Rank A. Peterson, sadly sighed and wiped away a tear ascended. Having a large trim by the stern of the ship quickly went under the water, taking with them and the other animals that were on board. Most of the other ships and submarines have also been destroyed or badly damaged.
My boat survived, the animals were in sound condition and joyful sounds "welcomed" us. Medics immediately put them in bags and moved to the deck. Two days later, the boat crew in full force moved on to his ship. Frankly, even on a boat measuring radiation levels has not been done. "
Third undersea nuclear explosion was carried out in autumn 1961, the day before the test 50-megaton hydrogen bomb, Andrei Sakharov. According to witnesses, the scene was terrible. On the water surface at first appeared hill, about 10 meters in diameter, which began to grow rapidly. Then suddenly broke mushroom column of water, which reached its apogee in the 30 meters in height.
Recalls the commander of the submarine B-130, which produced a nuclear torpedo, Nicholas Shumkov: "The sea is mushroom-shaped plume shot up. We included locator. On the screen — markings, like flakes of snow … After returning from a position of no decontamination was carried out. Frankly , on a boat, even measuring the levels of radiation has not been done. then that's what I somehow did not think particularly. "
Today ground on Novaya Zemlya explosions rocked almost. Held a nearly harmless to test and the environment "nuclear explosion in test tubes" — the so-called sub-critical tests. In the tunnel placed a bomb containing non-critical mass of nuclear matter. Undermining — a small clot plasma. In fact, it's not so much a nuclear explosion as his model. This allows you to monitor Russian nuclear cellars.
… Destiny trial participants have developed differently. Some people prefer to forget, others have fought for decades for recognition of the victims of nuclear tests and even become living symbols (Luke Gorbatov) of this struggle. Lieutenant Commander Vsevolod Bessonov, who as commander of the BC-3 submarine "S-144" produced the first torpedo launch with a nuclear warhead, later became the commander of the nuclear. In 1970, his submarine was lost in the Bay of Biscay. Killed 52 people, headed by Bessonov. He was posthumously awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union.
Retired Colonel, Professor Vladimir A. Tsaubulin himself and his comrades with a sad smile, calls to "work for the devil." New Earth professor remembers and loves in his own way, is still the most expensive special guests were treated to vodka — infused with ginseng Novaya Zemlya. During his life relevant to nuclear tests changed three times. First Homeland required to blow a lot and often. Then suddenly declared all happening nuclear nightmare and disown the people who were carrying out her orders. Now here's a new stage: Russia remembered that a great nuclear power. What ordered proud.
When I asked about the next rethinking nuclear values professor nodded to the home relic — a wheel with an old schooner. The inscription on the blackened from the time the tree reads: "Do what you must, and let it be, what will be."
The archipelago of Novaya Zemlya — northern extension of the Ural Mountains. It consists of two islands, separated by the Strait of Matochkin. Both islands are 900 kilometers in length and have an area of 82,179 square kilometers. Much of the northern part of the island and the south is covered by glaciers. On September 21, 1955 on October 24, 1990 in North landfill was conducted 132 nuclear tests: 87 air (including 84 aircraft), 1 ground (7 September 1957)., 2 surface (27 October 1961 and 22 August 1962), 3 submarines (21 September 1955. September 10, 1957., September 23, 1961) and 42 underground.
Tribune (Moscow). — 27.02.2004. — 034. — C.21