Our homeland regained position in the global arms market, lost after the collapse of the USSR
System of the Russian arms export production, bringing all the years of its existence the State constantly increasing income and measured, will soon turn 10 years old. December 1, 2000 Committee was formed Russian Federation on military-technical cooperation with foreign countries, reincarnated in 2004, the Federal Service for Military-Technical Cooperation (BTC Assembly of the Russian Federation). This head structure spetseksporta taking decisions on import to our country and exported from the production of military purpose. On the current state of affairs in the supply of products over the limit Russian defense industry told the deputy director FSMTC Vyacheslav Dzirkaln.
— Viacheslav Karlovich, probably, the main question on the eve of the anniversary of the Federal Service for Military-Technical Cooperation: what are the results of its work over the past decade, and that is what results in this period has been achieved in the sphere of military-technical cooperation of the Russian Federation as a whole?
— According to various estimates, both Russian and foreign analysts, Our homeland in recent years is one of the leading positions in the world market of military purpose (MPP). Its total now stands at about 25-30 billion dollars a year. We are working in their sector, while in the last 10 years, once a year, and increase sales volume last year reached the limit is exceeded eight billion dollars.
After the collapse of the crisis and in our defense industry in the 90s at the moment we can confidently say that our homeland is one hundred percent recovered its position on major global arms markets. Our main advantage is the aspect of "price-quality". Russian gun is in demand, because quite common in the appeal. And along with that of his fighting ability is quite high. With lower prices than competitors, we have a range of its own customers who prefer specifically Russian weapons. The plans for the coming years — to increase the volume of exports. And since we have not only touched, made in Russian times, and intensively invest in new development, the prospects are quite different.
— By the way, some experts say that as the expenditure of mental capacity, congestion to the collapse of the Soviet Union, will decline and Russian weapons exports, after 90 years dealt a major blow to the Russian industry. Is really felt such an effect?
— It was felt at the initial stage of FSMTC, in the first years of the present century. Then really needed a reserve made in the Russian time. But if we want to be competitive, you need to offer a new development. And we have this information. All the more so that in the near future we will cooperate intensively with foreign partners, because we realize: in some areas it makes sense to join forces and take abroad is something new and exciting to use to increase the export potential of our weapons. We work with companies from France, Italy, Israel, and with them have established contacts pretty harsh.
— Whether it will end up in such a way that we will deliver the body only, but the whole interior — foreign production?
— No, there is none, we take only what is useful for us, as we can be, yet insufficient progress. They are separate systems, which in total volume of less than 10 percent of the cost of delivered product. We are not interested to export, say, a tank, whose body is made in Russia, and all the equipment is made overseas. It is profitable faster our partners — to use a Russian base to set their own development.
— Which configuration for the past 10 years have occurred in terms of rassredotachivaniya Russian arms supplies, samples of Russian military equipment to different markets?
— If previously we were that our main partners — are India and China, and to this day they remain the same in the near future is very bleak breakthrough occurred in Latin America. It is not only Venezuela, and Ecuador, Uruguay, Brazil. Intensively developed contacts with Argentina, Mexico has long been exploited by our helicopters, MANPADS "Igla". We really did a very severe breakthrough in the Latin American market. And a significant role in this, I believe, played a certain political motivation of the favorites of Latin American countries. For us, this market is fascinating and promising. By the way, here we not only sell, and provide military assistance to countries such as, for example, our classic partners — Nicaragua and Cuba.
We have revived our presence in the Arab world. In this case, we are talking here not only about the usual partner — Syria, Algeria, Libya. Currently work is being done with Kuwait, Oman, Bahrain. It's no secret that the negotiations lasted from Saudi Arabia. In other words, we went to the markets of the states, which are usually focused only on foreign suppliers. Because if there is not a breakthrough, it made harsh steps to restore military and political position of in the Arab world.
Classic our partners — South-East Asia. At the moment, a very intensive development cooperation with Vietnam — made up the whole programm interaction through 2020.
The least our home is now on the African continent, and there are definite plans to return. In Africa, we also have the classic partners who are focused on the Russian Alliance: we supplied them equipment, trained professionals and, of course, for them to this day closer Russian military school, if Western. However, earlier deliveries of weapons were in the main free of charge. At the moment, our system is the PTS commercialized. And in this situation we are looking for ingenious ways of realizing limited repayment ability of these states.
— In the future, China and India will remain our main partners in MTC or expected any configuration?
— Changes in the relationship with India and China lies in the fact that we ran from forms of "buyer-seller" to technological cooperation. In other words, at first, these countries are interested in the development of its defense industry, and they are making progress. In particular, China is already acting harsh opponent of the Russian Federation on the African continent. So that the development of our relations will continue, but it is somewhat modified from the standpoint of the filling — the main focus will be on technology transfer to joint development. In India, for example, than the creation of a family of missiles BraMos we are in active work projects such as fighter fifth-generation medium transport aircraft. On these fronts is a joint development, part units, components and systems will be created by Indian partners.
— How severe the problem may be referred to the quality of Russian weapons? Often if faced with claims? Is there a trend toward improvement of product?
— I will not hide the problem with the quality of there, but she was born on an impartial reasons. It began with a failure of the 90s, was characterized by an outflow of trained personnel, a violation of the cooperation ties. But it must be emphasized that since the early 2000s, our industry is reviving. And at the moment you can just read that we brought back the positions that were laid down Russian military-industrial complex. This also applies to personnel, and update production facilities. If you look at the statistics, it currently holds traced downward trend reclamations which we are presented. With all of this customers have become more demanding, because if they pay money, you expect to get the product of the corresponding property. The work
is, in this case and within the municipal programs increase the properties of our products, increase the level of control over the creation. The problem exists, know about it, for correcting the situation intensely struggling. And the results are.
— Formed structure zabugornyh supply Russian defense products with one major special exporter in the face of "Rosoboronexport" and a number of companies eligible for independent access to the outdoor market is good? Do you expect any changes there?
— I work in the MTC system for 15 years. During this period, there were different versions spetseksporta. SMI was GTU, then a number of companies acquired the right to independently export their products without going through intermediaries. Worked once and three intermediaries in the face of Rosvooruzheniye, Russian Technologies and Promeksport.
That system, which we have come to this point, at this stage of competitive struggle, in this step of the process optimization of supply and after-sales service, where 22 companies are entitled without the help of others to do the repair, upgrade and supply of spare parts to its proprietary technology, optimal. But her segodnyaschy configuration is not a dogma. As required such a scheme can be modified to improve the advancement of Russian weapons.
MTC system should not be fossilized, it needs to maintain elasticity. Together with if needed any configuration spetseksporta in the scheme, they will not wear the revolutionary temper. But while the MTC system, again, is optimal. Volumes grow, the geography of our supply expands because stupid to kill the goose that lays the golden eggs. From December 2009 to 3 states we opened consulates FSMTC at Russian embassies — in India, China and Vietnam. This year we plan to make our mission more a 2-countries — Algeria and Venezuela. According to this indicator, by the way, you can come to a conclusion about who comes to a major partner of the Russian Federation in the sphere of military-technical cooperation.
If need be, we will open new consulates and to increment the overall efficiency and effectiveness of our work. Consulates have the status of regional, in other words, and act in the interests of closely-spaced, except for missions in India and China, where the lack of work and within the borders of a single country. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs with great enthusiasm, welcomed the initiative. Indeed, in a more fundamental importance for countries now employ people, expertly versed in the MTC.
— From time to time we hear that the Russian system spetseksporta very bureaucratic and to address the issue of supply, for example, a party of 3 x 10 s guns require many months of negotiation. Are there any potential for increasing the efficiency of the MTC system?
— Provisions have. Moreover, the president of the Russian Federation tasked to improve the registration system of the bureaucracy. A number of proposals aimed at optimizing the process of issuing permits, nominated by the service and has been endorsed by the government, and the head of the country.
At the moment can not be read, that this process is so bureaucratic. Previously, we really had cases ary case when administrative papers were prepared for 2-years, that at the moment issues are addressed fairly quickly. Subject to regulatory deadlines for each ministry and agency to the those or other documents. They are almost always — if not problematic issues — are kept.
But there is another point to the end, unfortunately, has not been resolved. I'm talking about the elaboration of interaction at the level of the trader and subcontractors. If the execution of the contract entrusted to Rosoboronexport, it should make contact with the parent company, which will produce the required products. So now, the process of interaction between golovnikom and subcontractors, which is divided into several levels, not fully worked out. At this point, we really lose at this point a lot of time. And there are things to work on.
— Could you make a prediction on the dynamics of revenue in the MTC system in the near future?
— It's not quite my question. But I can say that this year we again had the Age of the revenue. While in 2009 there were more than 8 billion dollars, in 2010, we plan to earn more than 9 billion dynamics of continuous growth in export revenues of weapons is. This is again indicative of the fact that we are not only exploiting Russian reserve, and bringing to market new developments. If offered one the old one, for sure, would not occupy those positions, which have gained.
Dzirkaln Viacheslav Karlovich
He was born on August 6, 1954 in Riga. In 1976 graduated from Riga Higher Military Aviation Engineering School named Ya Alksnisa. From 1976 to 2008 he served in the Armed Forces. From December 2004 to the true time — Deputy Director of the Federal Service for Military-Technical Cooperation. He was awarded the medal "For Military Merit" Order of Friendship.