After the famous incident "September 11" when Arab terrorists have sent planes they occupied the towers of the World Trade Center in New York City and the Pentagon, the U.S. started saying that their country was not ready to repel an attack from the air. With all of this for some reason the Yankees have forgotten about the disaster at Pearl Harbor and about the extraordinary events of 1942
In the fall of that year, the population of the states that are on the "Wild West" — was unpleasantly surprised to hear on the radio and in the newspapers about the flare in different locations fires. Time was wartime, and reporters announced culprits German and Japanese saboteurs. And later came out really quite strange — fires continued to appear, and reported them missing. The fact that after all was happening in the United States has effectively become clear only after the second world war.
It all started in December 1941 by the Japanese Underwater boat-25, which was in war patrol off the coast of the United States. In conversation with Lieutenant Tsukuda board a seaplane pilot Naboo Fujita saw that it would be nice if equipped with submarine aircraft would come up to the United States, have lowered the seaplanes on the water, and their pilots stormed a naval base, standing in their ships and shore facilities. Sent on a similar mission aircraft carriers guarding their ships Yankees probably find it and try to do everything to attempt an attack does not go unpunished, and the boat could approach the coast secretive.
After returning written by Fujita and Tsukuda report went to the chain of command, and soon the pilot summoned to the headquarters. There he laid out his own plan senior officers. By the way, they have already received similar offers from Marine aviators. Approved the idea and execution of assigned himself Fujita, which, 4 thousand hours of an incident, the number is quite experienced and suitable for so risky] south of the enterprise. Not only had to bombard the base and industrial enterprises, and the forests of Oregon. As explained to Fujita, two high-explosive bombs weighing 76 kg, which is able to lift his aircraft, ships and will not harm the plant, and the vast forest fires caused by them, will be a prerequisite panic that shrink on the enemy camp.
August 15, 1942 I-25 left the base in Yokosuka in the next campaign and September 1 closer to Oregon. Sept. 9 commander, commander M. Fujita tags is called the conning tower and ordered to look through the periscope of the coast.
I-25 came out, removed from the seaplane hangar and put on the catapult. Fujita and watching Okuda dressed in overalls, climbed into the cab and were soon in the air. Fujita went to the lighthouse at Cape Blanco, crossed the coast and headed for the north-east. "The sun gilded the clouds, when proparhav 50 miles (100 km.), I gave the order to throw the first bomb Okuda, and 5-6 miles a second — remember Fujita. — A colorful flame marked the explosions of our bombs, but from the crash site of the first already streaming smoke. Four months back the U.S. aircraft bombed the first time my land, I am now bombarded their territory. "
Dropping to 100 m, Fujita flew to the ocean. Noticing the two vessels, nestled on the water, so they do not have beheld with his markings, reddish circles on the wings. Finding I-25, splashed hydroplane, and the pilots reported tags is on the flight and the courts. He decided to storm them, but there were enemy planes, and had to quickly sink. "Fortune was again kind to us, we've heard all day breaks depth charges and noise sent to hunt for our destroyers — continued Fujita — but all this was going away, and the explosions did not affect the boat."
At night on September 28 tags is floated, the plane prepared, and Fujita once again went on a visit to the United States. Guided by the compass and running, regardless of the time of war, the lighthouse at Cape Blanco, he crossed the coastline and headed inland. Once again, ask to speak to a Japanese pilot: "After flying for half an hour, we got rid of the second pair of 76-kilogram bombs, leaving the land of two outbreaks of fire. Return was disturbing: we went out to the rendezvous with the boat on I-25 is not found. Maybe it has already sunk, and can, tags & was obliged to leave. " Fortunately, circling above the ocean, the pilots saw on the surface of bright spots, probably traces of fuel diesel submarine. The flight from the 1st spot to another, they finally saw the I-25. After a couple of minutes seaplane was in the hangar and Fujita reported to the commander of the adventures.
Midshipman Naboo Fujita — the only Japanese pilot, the U.S. bombed the area
There are still two "lighter", and the pilots were eager for the next flight, on tags is headed for Japan. Sinking two tankers, he believed that the command of the U.S. Pacific Fleet has sent in search of the Japanese anti-submarine ships and planes because it is not necessary to linger in the waters controlled by the enemy. In late October, I-25 otshvartovalas in Yokosuka.
And the air coming to the United States lasted — like gratuitous fires broke out in the states of Washington and California, where, and where the firing of sabotage were stupid — in deserted places, mountains and deserts. To them, as it is logical, Japanese pilots have had no case. Turns out it's fires were the result of the operation Fu-Kuo, started by Lt. Gen. Kusaboy. On his orders from the Japanese islands to the U.S. launched 10 thousand balloons. They took up the flow of air rushing from west to east at an altitude S — 12 thousand meters each balloon carried a bomb blast and zazhigatelpuyu weight of 100 kg, the discharge of which carried clockwork, wound up to a given time (range) flight. While radio and print media reported the U.S., where there were weird fires, Kusaba could adjust starts flying spies, but U.S. intelligence services have guessed earlier and commanded to finish the read and write about the "hell fire", and the people of the country of the rising sun had to release balloons thoughtlessly. Because they were flying to fit, for example, in Mexico and in Alaska, and one made even under the Khabarovsk. Area United States have gained about 900 balls, in other words, about 10% of the total number of running.
According to the different fates of participants 'Bomber' march-25. Submarine itself with a different commander, June 12, 1943 was U.S. destroyer hunted down "Taylor" in the Solomon Islands and sunk his depth charges. After the war, Japan was left with
out a navy, and M.Tagami became the captain of a merchant ship. Fujita, in 1962, visited the Brookings, Oregon, apologized to the old-timers for any problems in 1942 and awarded funds pas buy books about the Land of the Rising Sun. In response, the city council declared him an honorary citizen. A November 27, 1999 Media of the Rising Sun was told about the death of 84-year-old pilot — the only one who managed to bombard the United States …
N.Fudzita devised aerial attacks on the United States as a response to the bombing of the Japanese aviation area. But the aggressors were still his fellow citizens. December 7, 1941 almost two hundred square meters of aircraft, aircraft coming from pravitelskogo fleet of aircraft carriers, without a declaration of war, the military stormed the base of the U.S. Navy at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii pas. Once in the harbor tried to infiltrate its five midget submarines. The operation was a success — the Japanese pilots sank four battleships, minelayer, self-propelled target last battleship and damaged three cruisers, destroyers, and the same gidroaviatrapeport killed 92 Navy and 96 Army combat aircraft, killed 2,117 sailors, 194 Army men and 57 civilians. Living in the country of the rising sun lost 29 bombers, torpedo bombers and fighters and five midget submarines.
U.S. decided to take revenge and to arrange a demo raid on Japan. April 18, 1942 the aircraft carrier "Horvet", located 700 miles from the land of the rising sun, soared 16 Army B-25 bombers, "Mitchell" Lieutenant Colonel D. Doolittle, each was at 2.5 tons of bombs. They took off into quarters Tokyo, shipbuilding, military, petrochemical factories, power stations of the capital, Kobe, Osaka and Nagoya. Since the military pilots were not able to land on aircraft carriers, then "unload", they headed west to get into the Japanese neokupirovannyh areas of China. To get 5 cars, one landed near Khabarovsk, in the land of noncombatants pas Far East Russian Union. Others, having spent fuel and due to injuries, fell into the Sea of Japan, eight pilots jumped out with parachutes over Japan, brave samurai beheaded.
So the size and results of operations undertaken by Fujita and Tags is, do not go to any comparison with South American raid on Tokyo. By the way, if the inhabitants of the United States knew who were instigators, their hatred of the "Japa" as they contemptuously called the Japanese, if only intensified.
In fact, the thought hitting the enemy submarine terrain was right — it is modern and provides missile submarines, but made insignificant forces and feeble means. In general, and the other was not there.
In the First World War proved to be excellent air transport, with which lowered the water seaplanes, scouts and bombers, and then lifted on board the flight. In the 20-ies. in the UK, the U.S., France and the land of the rising sun began to build aircraft carriers, with a spacious landing deck which flew on aircraft with wheel chassis on the battleships and cruisers installed catapult to launch seaplane reconnaissance and artillery spotters.
They tried to "prescribe" aircraft and submarines. Next to the fencing of the conning tower staged a hangar with a sealed door, which was kept in a seaplane with folded wings on the upper deck arranged accelerates the rise of the catapult. After splashdown near the boat aircraft is lifted by crane, folding wings and cleaned the hangar. Such was the British M-2, which was converted into an aircraft carrier in 1927, and later she came back to the base. As established by divers who found her, the tragedy occurred due to a loose crew closed the hangar doors, through which sea water flooded the boat.
According to one of the seaplane positioned on other subs. In the 1920-1924 years. in the United States on ships such as C, after three pas like "Barracuda" displacement of 2000/2500 tons, in 1931, on the Italian "Ettore Feramoska" (1340/1805 m) and the Japanese I-5 (1953/2000 m). According to another in 1929, received the French with underwater cruiser "Surcouf" (2880/4368 m), which should protect their convoys and attack others. Airborne reconnaissance seaplane was due to direct enemy pas "Surcouf", armed with 14 torpedo tubes and two strengths of 203 mm caliber guns. Later inhabitants of the country of the rising sun equipped with one or two planes are three 10-ka submarines, including mentions I-25.
Note that the weight of the aircraft under the boat-based spies were light — great for submarines did not fit.
But during World War II submarine abandoned aerorazvedki. In preparation for the flight on board seaplanes and taking on board the ship had to remain on the surface, exposing themselves to the blows of the enemy. And later, and the need for them has disappeared, as there were more effective radars.
What's all the same for the operation Fu-Kuo, the start-up of thousands of unmanaged balls with the expectation of a suitable wind was like a machine gun firing with closed eyes — perhaps something and lost somewhere …
In general, the Japanese used the experience of the U.S. in the 60s., Firing into the air space of the USSR balloons with photos and other reconnaissance equipment. Part of them landed here, and the "payload" getting any Russian spice, many fighters shot down a lot after long wandering in the will of the winds disappeared or shot is not that necessary. Because the United States began to send to the area of the Union of Russian aircraft and reconnaissance, but after a row with the U-2 were required to turn away from that and the method of obtaining specific disk imaging.
What's all the same for the Japanese, then in 1942 g.on conspired strategic operation that promised to turn out for the U.S. real decent and prevent the loss of their ability to maneuver naval forces between the Pacific and the Atlantic. It was about the massive impact of the Panama Canal, which had to put 10 bombers and torpedo launched from submarines large at the time of displacement 3930 tons — Any length of 122 m was carrying a 140-mm gun, 10 caliber 25 mm anti-aircraft guns, eight torpedo tubes, for the three aircraft hangar and catapult. The supplies of fuel envisaged to overcome 40 thousand miles.
By December 1944 was ready to head I-400, I-finish building 401 and 402. In addition to these, in January and February 1945, but the two aircraft were placed on I-13 and I-14, was appointed commander of the strike group commander Aridzumi. For training pilots have built the Panama gateway models dripping — the true going to throw more than 6 torpedoes and four bombs.
But the war ended June 16 jets from U.S. aircraft carriers sunk the I-13, and on August 16 the governor Hirohito ordered the armed forces to end military action. Aridzumi shot himself.
I-400 and I-401 are trophies U.S., and the unfinished I-402 pererablotali in the tanker.
With the "bomber" march-25 linked the mysterious episode of the war in the Pacific. Referring to the words of tags is the other Japanese submariner, M.Hasimoto wrote that on returning home &quo
t;in early October, I-25 in the presence of only one torpedo and sank the South American stormed the submarine."
It happened west of San Francisco. A U.S. Navy officer E.Bich, who fought on submarines, in the introduction to the translation of the book Hashimoto stated that "tags is wrong in time, it would be truer to say that the South American submarine sank it in late July." He was referring to "Grunion," which came out last time to communicate with the database on July 30, when it was the position of the north of the Aleutian Islands. Well tags is unlikely to be mistaken for two months with excessive telling Hashimoto about the campaign immediately after return.
In 1942, the warring Northern Fleet ships have decided to strengthen the Pacific. Surface were the Northern Sea Route and the subsurface across the Pacific Ocean, the Panama Canal, the Atlantic, around Scandinavia to the Arctic. On October 11, the underwater mine layer of L-15 have seen over the head of the A-16 took off and the water column of smoke, and boat disappeared under water. With the A-15 saw the periscope and had to fire him. To San Francisco had 820 miles. It is unlikely that you can read about the evil intent. Tags is not aware of the transition Russian submarines, which, of course, kept secret, and these our submarines had the misfortune to take a walk on the South American, like S. ..