The European Space Agency (ESA) and Roskosmos on Thursday after several months of delay signed the final agreement for the joint implementation of the project "EkzoMars" — the first major interplanetary missions, in which Russia and Europe will become equal partners, told RIA Novosti press-secretary of the head of Roscosmos Anna Vedischeva .
The agreement signed by the head of Roscosmos, Vladimir Popovkin and ESA head Jean-Jacques Dordain.
The "EkzoMars" anticipates launching in 2016 orbiter TGO (Trace Gas Orbiter) for the exploration of Mars and the landing on the surface of the demonstration lander EDM, and in 2018 — to send a rover landing platform. It was originally a joint project of ESA and NASA, but the American side came out of it, after which the Europeans have turned to offer cooperation to the Russian Space Agency.
"For both missions Roscosmos provides boosters" Proton "boosters" Breeze-M "and the related launch services. The study of Jupiter's attention will be paid to the study of Jupiter and its surrounding area and the Galilean moons through the implementation of the Russian Space Agency project" Laplace-P "to conduct research on the contact surface of Ganymede and implementation of ESA JUICE project for remote research icy satellites of Jupiter" — said Vedischeva.
According to her, the agreement implies that Russian scientists and engineers have become full members of the international scientific and technical groups established by the parties to the project with the aim of scientific and technical support for the preparation and implementation of the project, the development of research programs, process and analyze the data.