Roscosmos designs new space rocket complex "Rus-M", which can be used for exploration of the Moon as well.
The new vehicle developed in manned and unmanned versions.
The formulation is laid modular design of the carrier. The first stage of the carriers are based on the universal rocket block (URB) with oxygen kerosene engine RD 180 of NPO "Energomash". The company has already begun to establish a special modification of the two-chamber rocket engine, is ready for the flight is expected in 2014.
In the course of the international air show MAKS 2009 in some foreign media reported (citing sources in the "Progress Samara Space Center") on several models of the family, "Russ M" — a rocket middle class "Rus MS" and two heavy media "Russia MT."
"Russ MS" (middle class), which can be regarded as "backup" rocket "Soyuz U" for launch from the Baikonur East unmanned spacecraft consists of a single URB (first step) and the block "I" of "Soyuz 2.1b '( second stage).
With a starting weight of 233,235 tons Booster can bring into low-Earth orbit a payload of up to 6.5 m 3.8 m diameter rocket
"Rus-MP" (middle-class high-capacity) is the first stage of the "hard" a bunch of three is not separable in flight BDS, in the second stage there are four hydrogen-oxygen engine RD 0146 KB development of chemical automation.
With a starting weight of 673 tons of rocket carrier can bring to low-Earth orbit a payload of up to 23.8 tons, with the use of boosters in geostationary orbit can be delivered satellite weighing 4.0 tons diameter rocket 11.6 m
"Rus-MT" with capacity of 35 tons (code name "Rus MT 35" heavy grade) in the first stage uses a bunch of five DRM, and as the second — the oxygen level of the four hydrogen RD 0146. Presumably the missile is designed to run heavy unmanned spacecraft, especially in the GTO (GTO) and geostationary (GEO) orbit. Mass of payload depends strongly on the level of the initial thrust of the first stage.
Launch mass media about 1100 tons, output to low-Earth orbit a payload of 33 36 tonnes into geostationary orbit mass of 7.5 t 7 rocket diameter 11.6 m
"Rus-MT-50" with capacity of 50 tons (heavy class), a three-stage plan option. In the first stage is planned to use a bunch of four with BDS RD 180, the second stage of a DRM (center) with throttling RD 180, and as the third — the hydrogen-oxygen stage with four RD 0146.
In the rocket "Rus-MT-50" for use in manned missions to the Moon and Mars, DRM applied and cryogenic upper stage with increased dressing.
Launch mass media about 1433 tons, output to low-Earth orbit a payload of 53 54 tonnes into geostationary orbit weight of 11.5 t 11.6 m diameter rocket
Launching and technical systems — universal for the entire family of launch vehicles, and they are part of the space launch system and objects are created as new construction at the cosmodrome "East".
Unmanned launches from Baikonur "East" is scheduled to begin in 2015. The first manned launch, according to the head of Roskosmos Anatoly Perminov, to be made in 2018 from the Baikonur "East".