Russian astronomers will Observatory in Chile, Cuba, and in space

The state is ready to resume the financing of major international research projects, rolled 30-40 years ago.

optical telescope BTA Photo: RIA Novosti
Russian astronomers revived the most important projects in their area, frozen in the Soviet Union. This was our scientists reported today at the International Conference "European Week of Astronomy and Space» JENAM-2011 in Saint-Petersburg. The event was attended by more than five hundred scientists and experts from dozens of countries.

According to "News" director of the Pulkovo Observatory, Alexander Stepanov, in the near future Russia will finance the rehabilitation of two foreign observatories, created with the participation of Soviet scientists abroad — in Cuba and Chile.
Observatory in Chile, in the mountain of El Roble, 70 km north of Santiago, was built in the late 60's of the last century as the expedition of Pulkovo Observatory.

The main instrument of the observatory in Chile is astrograph (a telescope for photographing celestial objects) AZT-16, created by the Leningrad Optical-Mechanical Association project Dmitri Maksutov leading figure in the Soviet astronomical optics. In 1973, after the coup in Chile, the Soviet astronomers left the observatory of El Roble, leaving all the equipment. Now owned by the Chilean Observatory State University.

Around the same time in the late sixties, a suburb of Havana, Soviet scientists founded the Havana radio astronomy station, equipping it with the radio telescope RT-3. In the eighties of the last century by Soviet scientists there began construction of the Cuban National Observatory, which was frozen in 1991.

According to Stepanova, the government is ready to allocate funds — about $ 120 million — for the implementation of large-scale projects in the field of astronomy, together with foreign colleagues. "We have reached an agreement with foreign counterparts to resuscitate our foreign observatories — said" Izvestia "Stepanov. — Even in Soviet times to place the observatory in the Andes were spent considerable funds. With the collapse of the Soviet Union was mothballed facility. Chileans even offered to take him to Russia. Now we are planning to equip the outdated facilities with the latest technology. "

Opportunities Russian astronomers and greatly increase the orbital telescope "Spektr-R" — its launch is scheduled for July 18. Senior Researcher, Institute of Space Research Gennady Bisnovatyi-Kogan told "Izvestia", the launch of "Spektr-R" — the most significant event for the Russian astronomy over the past 30 years.

In fact "Radioastron" is one of the parts of the world's largest radio interferometer of the two antennas. One antenna is displayed on the orbit, the other — it's all ground radio telescopes. The principle of operation of a radio interferometer is that it takes two antennas is the same radio signal from outer space, and the delay of admission to one or the other antenna astronomers can distinguish individual objects at long distances.

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