Naval analysts have long enough snigger over the state of the Russian Navy, which is a strong force of cool war, almost equal the U.S. Navy, first 21st century reincarnated as outdated and unfit for action of the armed forces. This rapid degradation is actually the case is over, because the needs of shipbuilding has been allocated larger allocations in the fleet began to appear new ships, and that the most fundamental, the once proud Russian Navy has again started to plow the oceans.
Vladimir Putin’s call for modernization of Russian special forces found the response mainly Navy Headquarters. Although Russian shipbuilding infrastructure continues to suffer from the shortcomings and disadvantages (as discussed below), there are plenty of evidence to suggest that our homeland again vigorously took up the construction of ships. Message «RIA Novosti» that the Russian Navy in 2013 will receive 36 warships, an exaggeration, since this amount includes several small ships and boats; and yet, when it comes to the modernization of the Russian fleet, all characteristics indicate on the rise. Russian government announced appropriation of four trillion rubles (132 billion dollars), which will be allocated until 2020 for new ships and submarines, is about a quarter of the total amount for the purchase of arms. To get an idea of the seriousness of the Russian goals, it must be emphasized that it is several times more than what was allocated in the budget for shipbuilding in the past, and about half that have allocated the United States. In the past 20 years, Russian decentralized and outdated shipbuilding factory built more ships and submarines for export. Single Russian ships could stand on the stocks before operating in over 10 years and more. Our homeland is now closed its small shipyard and the remaining enterprises united under centralized control.
In addition, she began to intensively produce aaplet construction frigates (huge patrol ships) Project 22350 (class «Admiral Gorshkov»). 5 ships of this type are built in St. Petersburg, and three more planned to lay and build until 2018. The project 11356 (class «Admiral Grigorovich») in Kaliningrad to 2016 will be built at least one ship per year. The fleet entered several corvettes (class «Guarding»), and three are based on 2-Russian shipyards. These Corvettes are distinguished by their stealth features. Total foreseen make up 18 such ships. At the End step is the construction of a huge number of much smaller corvettes, missile boats are also designed in the main for the Caspian Flotilla.
Submarines have always constituted an advantage Russian shipbuilding, also occupy an important place in the current Russian plans. Russian Navy has received the first of the eight class submarines «Borey» (Project 955) «Yury Dolgoruky». Second and third boat of the project («Alexander Nevsky» and «Vladimir Monomakh») undergo performance tests. Nuclear attack submarines, Project 885 «Severodvinsk» (class «Ash») also runs sea tests. Total 2020 is planned to build eight such submarines. Faced with the difficulties the project 677 (diesel submarines «Lada») will be limited to 3-submarines, but continues to build our homeland improved diesel submarines of Project 636 «Varshavyanka» intended for the Russian Navy and for export. The main buyers are likely to be India, Vietnam and Angola.
For the first time in Russian history is modernizing its fleet with the role of a NATO member country. Moscow bought in France two amphibious assault ship class «Mistral» displacement 26,000 tons.
Derived from the dry dock building French shipyard STX France built for the Russian Navy helicopter landing ship dock «Vladivostok» type Mistral. Saint-Nazaire, 21.10.2013
Source: brunoh / www.shipspotting.com
In addition to this production programmke Russian design bureaus and naval strategists often put forward plans and ideas for improving the structure of high Navy, speaking about the future development of destroyers, silent submarines, warships, icebreakers and aircraft carriers.
Equally catchy and the fact that the Russian fleet again began to appear in the oceans. With the collapse of the Russian Union of Russian ships almost instantaneously disappeared from the oceans. Over the past 20 years hiking Russian ships abroad own territorial waters is a significant event because of its own rarity. Now the situation has changed. Russian Navy Commander Admiral Viktor Chirkov now often gives an interview about «expanding ocean presence» Russian warships. As of October 2013 the Russian fleet made 96 port calls, which represents a 35 percent increase compared with the previous year. Time marches, is perhaps the best indicator of readiness of the fleet increased by 15% in comparison with 2012. Russian Navy, in all the oceans of the world joint exercises with many countries, improving the fighting ability and showing their ships prospective buyers to build exports. More perceptible his campaigns in the Mediterranean Sea and the Arctic Ocean.
In times of war in the cool Mediterranean constantly walking 30-50 Russian ships. But between 1990 and 2011 are accustomed to the fact that no Russian naval presence and never will be. The situation changed dramatically when Defense Minister Shoigu announced in December 2012 that Our homeland will in the Mediterranean unchanging operative connection of up to 10 ships, using the forces and means of their own fleets. This compound acts there in connection with an international incident in Syria. And last month it received a gain when there came «the killer of aircraft carriers» «Varyag» and the cruiser «Peter the Great». Admiral Teals confirmed that the Russian Navy is to be «in close proximity to the Syrian shores», ensuring the interests of Russia.
Heavy nuclear missile cruiser «Pyotr Lofty»
Global climate configuration and discovery of new locations of oil, gas and minerals in the Arctic have increased the enthusiasm of the Russian fleet in this region. Shown in 2007 photo Russian flag mounted on days of the Arctic Ocean at the North Pole right, the world has become a precise indication of the intent of. At this point, when the Northern Sea Route (going to the Arctic Ocean coastline parallel RF) has been open for a couple of years sailing merchant fleet, the flagship of the Northern Fleet, «Peter the Great» led a detachment of ships and held it over the entire length of this path. Moscow also agreed to reopen a naval base on the New Siberian Islands and make 10 rescue Fri along its Arctic coast, anticipating the growth of shipping on the Northern Sea Route. In addition to the fleet there will be increased presence of Marines, Special Forces mission, the Air Force, Army and Coast Guard. This can only be seen as the militarization of the region. The world’s largest icebreaker fleet RF amplified 3-atomic icebreakers.
Say what happens to the build up of forces bolshennymi neuvvyazkami would be an understatement. Most outrageous shortcoming are continuing woes triggered on board the submarine solid-fuel missile «Bulava», which will be equipped with class submarines «Northwind». Without these data missiles boats fail to do their main task to ensure the strategic nuclear deterrence. Ship gun for A190 class corvettes «Guarding» because of their own flaws frequent delays entry of these ships in the fleet. Disruptions construction schedules many ships and submarines from design deficiencies occur frequently, as the cases of low properties of the work. Retired Russian admirals consider this systemic problem, criticizing centralized shipbuilding company «United Shipbuilding Corporation» and comparing it with the situation where «the cobbler bakes cakes.» The problem is complicated by the same final mass of trained personnel of the shipbuilding industry. Corruption, which is widespread in the Russian economy, has become an integral part of the ship. Nedavneshny fire on a nuclear submarine during repair Admiral Teals explained to «the deplorable state of ship repair companies in the Far East.» In general, Russian shipyards significantly inferior to Western plants.
Corvette «Guarding». Source: paralay.com
But despite these shortcomings, the Russian navy is on the rise, increasing in size, improving and going out on the oceans. He is faced with countless troubles and difficulties, some of which may be referred to simply scandalous. Given the centralized nature of the shipbuilding industry control, can hardly be read that the production potential of the Russian Navy is flexible and creative start. And yet, the St. Andrew’s flag, which is the banner Navy Russian Federation, we are increasingly create a haven of peace and marine narrowness that will vaguely recall us about the good times of old cool war.
Thomas Fedyshin — director of the research group «Europe-Russia» Naval Institute U.S.