Smokepregnancy bad, is simply unacceptable, because of frail children are born: they weigh little, get sick often. Know all about it. Not long ago, scientists have shown that a child still in the mother's womb accustomed to nicotine, the risk of becoming heavy smokers with a psychotic criminal tendencies and the "cleft palate".
Paradoxically, the dangers of smoking mankind has known only
Smoker deteriorated only in 1956, when 40,000 doctors from different countries compared medical histories of their patients.
"What else to expect from the evils of tobacco?" — Afraid of scientists and hastily took up the study of the effects of nicotine on living organisms. Animal experiments have shown that animals are killed by tobacco. Apparently, that's when there was a saying: "A drop of nicotine can kill a horse." Gradually, scientists discover new facts and on the operation of cigarettes on the human body. It was found that smoking affects not only the lungs, bronchi, and heart, but also worsens the work of the endocrine glands, disturbed digestion, spoiled character and teeth, reduced potency. However, the greatest damage smoking causes unborn children.
Smoking during pregnancy
All nicotine, carbon monoxide, benzopyrene, and even some radioactive substances from cigarettes, getting into the body of a pregnant woman, after the first puff instantly penetrate through the placenta to the baby. Moreover, the concentration of these substances in the body of the fetus is higher than in the maternal blood! What's going on, you can easily imagine. From nicotine spasm vessels of the placenta and the child has anoxia. Toxic substances are available on all of its delicate organs, preventing the baby to develop normally.
As a result, most of the children born to smokers, are born with low birth weight, often get sick, grow more slowly than their peers are more likely to die in childhood. Statistics shows that smoking (regardless of the number of cigarettes smoked) during pregnancy increases the risk of adverse completed almost 2 times!
Once scientists have published these staggering figures, it became clear: throw smoke before the start of pregnancy — the only way to have a healthy baby. However, even when the dangers of cigarettes became known to all expectant mothers, many women do not think about how quickly quit smoking during pregnancy. Warnings about the lack of weight and intrauterine development of the mysterious sound abstract, and psychological and physical nicotine dependence was real. Quitting smoking is not helping either a positive attitude, no nicotine patches and gum, or psychotherapy, and acupuncture. Approximately 25% of all pregnant women continued smoke.
What are the consequences for the psyche?
By the end of XX century, new data on the effect of smoking onpregnancy rocked the medical world. It was found that nicotine is bad effect not only on the physical but also the mental state of the child. German researchers have shown that children of smoking mothers at an early age is characterized by inattention, impulsivity and hyperactivity syndrome, attention deficit, and the level of mental development are lower than average.
Most often develops so-called syndrome of "restless Phil" — these children tend to be aggressive and prone to deception. British doctors have found that children whose mothers smoked during pregnancy, 40% increased risk of developing autism, a mental illness in which a person may not to contract with the surrounding reality and focuses on the world of their own experiences.
Trying to explain the resulting fact, scientists have suggested that the one to blame insufficient supply of oxygen the fetus' brain. Furthermore, it is possible that nicotine affects specific genes for psychomotor functions. An international team of researchers from Emory University in Atlanta (GA) has found a link between smoking pregnant women and children followed by a tendency to crime. They have generalized about four thousand men born in Copenhagen from September 1951 to December 1961, as well as stories of arrests to 34 years. It turned out that those men whose mothers smoked during pregnancy, 1.6 times more likely to have gone to jail for non-violent crimes, and 2 times more often for violent.
"Cleft Lip" and "palate"
In this startling discovery is not over. In 2003, British scientists have identified a relationship of smoking at an early stage of pregnancy and the birth of a child with a facial cleft. According to the author of the study by Peter Moss (Professor of the Faculty of Dentistry at the University of Dundee), the formation of heaven is at
Additional studies have confirmed the hunch. 42% of mothers whose children were born with facial deformities, smoking while pregnant. With regard to non-smoking mothers, then they are "wrong" children were born to two times less.
Around the same time, U.S. researchers have shown that women who smoked during pregnancy were significantly more likely born clumsy children. The risk of clubfoot among such children is higher by 34%. And if the same maternal smoking is combined with a hereditary factor, the risk of deformity increases by 20 times.
The most recent data
- Children of women who smoked during pregnancy, one-third more likely than all others to 16 years are at risk to get diabetes or obesity.
- Boys born to smoking mothers, the testicles are smaller, and the concentration of sperm in the semen on average 20% lower than that of children smoking.
- Children of mothers who smoked duringtime pregnancy, several times more likely to start smoking themselves than children whose mothers during pregnancy has not been smoked.