Russian pilots did not become worse — tougher conditions in which they work. Plane crash in Petrozavodsk again showed: Russian air can escape into the deepest tailspin.
For what reasons TU-134, which is in good condition and managed by an experienced crew, made a hard landing on the highway, not a runway airport "Besovets" Petrozavodsk, have yet to understand. Several versions, but the pilots and professionals virtually unanimously agree that a morally and physically outdated technology, antediluvian airports, as idiotic claims to save fuel and to account for every liter of kerosene consumed excessive or belatedness a few minutes — that the global background of many air crashes in recent years.
"Nothing has changed in the world of Russian aviation … how to fly in the last century and continue (for OSB and NDB), but the fight for the regularity of flights at the request of the passengers! — Wrote to Prof. aviation forum user by the nickname Ballu (OSB — Equipment Landing System, NDB — Separate drive a station set up to drive the aircraft, equipped with automatic direction finder (ARC) to the area of the airfield, and the execution of pre-keeping maneuver the direction of flight with the required accuracy in landing approach. NDB is usually established nearby small airfields or in villages Fri. — Ed.).
The pilots also offer their version of the Tu-134 crash: "As always, the same thing — the fog, the absence of the usual navigation support, a stubborn desire to land a crew board at any cost. Ducked under the glide path (the land is located), the result — a collision with the ground at a technical level, the serviceable aircraft. "
President of consulting and analytical agency "Safety", a member of the Board of the Global Fund safety Valery Shelkovnikov commented on the situation as "Rosbaltu": "Airport Petrozavodsk — the capital, because it is the capital of Karelia. But there is no clear system of instrumental approach, and in those weather conditions that were NIGHT MODE, without it hard to sit down. With the tool would be a lot easier. The fact is that since the birth of aviation and approach and landing are the most difficult step of the aircraft. Despite the fact that the approach to landing and landing average only 5% of the total flight time, but particularly in these steps is about 60% of all accidents. The main cause of all accidents during approach and landing, on the views of leading professionals — the inability to recognize the crew of the aircraft need to care for the second round and the failure of the maneuver. "
The pilots also wonder why the crew did not go to the second round, while there was a possibility. And here are responsible for themselves. "Guys, why do not you love to go to the 2nd round? Because it is idiotic indicate "any care for the 2nd round subject to investigation." Been through it, so there is no … c year or more ago as again "vpindyukali" this crap … "- writes Serzh128 on the same aviation forum.
Valery Shelkovnikov confirms that indeed there is a similar discrepancy. "It's the fault of Governors, which forced the crew behind the scenes to save. I remember an incident that took place in St. Petersburg for a day or two to one of the worst disasters of the last decade — the death of Tu-154 "Russian Airlines" near Donetsk — says Shelkovnikov. — It was the Tu-134 from Murmansk, the pilot yelled dispatchers: "I can not go to the second round, put me!" He, of course, planted — when visibility is only 200 meters but if he went to the second round, he have collapsed. He did not have a single gram of excess fuel. So criticize all whale. And what do the pilot in this case? '.
Meanwhile, now the head of Karelia Andrei Nelidov said that the technical condition of the Petrozavodsk airport meets all international standards and representative of "RusAir" argues that the approach of fuel for the second round was also pretty.
"If the truth is on the airfield lights went out the highest intensity, the pilot comes on the devices, but looking at the track. Of course, it needs 2-3 seconds to adapt. And in such a situation luminous canvas he can take over the runway. So the human factor here may be generated by the visual error. But it is programmed people: he's alive, unlike steel machine. No need to blame the pilots, and those who are responsible for the electricity supply at the airport, "- said in an interview with" Rosbalt "Honored Pilot of, test pilot 1st class Vadim Bazykin. According to him, at a theoretical level, the pilot could really hurt when landing behind the power lines if flying below the glide path. "But the fact that he is flying below the dispatcher had to warn him. In any case, all the talks we will hear in the coming time, "- said Bazykin.
With all of this in asluzhenny have questions to the bureaucrats of the aircraft. "All of our aircraft are high-end, but they are the standard and the result of the brain-70s — says Bazykin. — They are high-speed, giving little time for much reflection. New planes land significantly slower, time to reflect on the situation given more. Conclusion: need a new fleet of aircraft, not necessarily imported from other countries, but modern. It is clear that this is not done in a month, and even for year, but it must be done. In fact, only Moscow, St. Petersburg and even, perhaps, a pair of airports in Russia meet modern requirements. And it turns out that the technique does not meet or airports or airports — aircraft. What to do, we have to continue wearing what we have. "
Valery Shelkovnikov believes that "to continue wearing" in principle it is possible, under certain criteria. "Tu-134 — a very reliable aircraft. In the world generally used very many planes of old times, including in the advanced countries. Exclusively in Arab countries they are changed every 7 years, and in the U.S., for example, fly planes and 17-18 years. There is even the concept of use of old times and aging aircraft. According to her, the aircraft can fly, but the "old men" often need to inspect, change the instruments, equipment, — said the expert. — It is clear that the funds are not sufficient. But we need the cooperation of Ministry of Transport and local authorities. Here, for example, previously in Nizhnevartovsk, for example, did so: at the Air Ministry no means huge, but they are turning to the oil industry, both are thrown off — and ended up in the town there is a new girl at the airport runway. At the moment we do not achieve quite good, too, if there is no co-operation of the authorities. "
Russian Deputy Prime Minister Sergei Ivanov has almost indicated that the crash blame pilots confused the runway to the freeway. But the pilots themselves think differently. "The next tragedy. How many of them will be held the power to awaken and realized — not so on! You can not junk the carriage of passengers to use, you can not ignore the lack of modern navigation equipment on board, and on the ground! The entire civilized world is flying by ILS, VOR / DVOR, DME, while our … save up money! Probably, the management of the country at the airport is not equipped with these agents do not will be sent, and the people — people you can, if that happens — the women still give birth! Olympic Games, World Championships, RUSNANO, Skolkov
o … When our eyes will reveal the rulers? Airfield maintenance in Africa … Land of the dead rest in peace, speedy healing survivors and condolences to the family! .. "- Bitterly they wrote on the forum.
Statistics catastrophes in the final step approach over the past 5 years (data presented by Russian aircraft and aircraft zabugornom by regions of the CIS)
May 3, 2006. Aircraft Airbus A320-211 of the Armenian airline Armavia crashed while landing at the airport of Sochi / Adler (Our Fatherland). All 113 people on board were killed. The plane sank in the Black Sea.
September 1, 2006. The Tu-154M Iranian airline Iran Air crashed on landing at the airport of Mashad. Of the 148 people on board, which appeared as a result of fire killed 28.
March 17, 2007. The Tu-134A-3 Russian airline UT-Air crashed while landing in bad weather at the airport of Samara (Our Fatherland). Of the 57 people on board were killed seven.
August 24, 2008. Aircraft Boeing 737-219 Kyrgyz airline Itek Air crashed while landing at the airport in Bishkek / Manas (Kyrgyzstan). Of the 90 people on board, 65 were killed.
September 14, 2008. Aircraft Boeing 737-505 Russian airline Aeroflot-Nord crashed while landing at the airport in Perm (Our Fatherland). All 88 people on board were killed.
October 26, 2009. Business aircraft BAe-125-800B Russian S-Air airline, crashed while landing in bad weather at the airport Minsk-2 (Belarus). All five people on board were killed.
January 24, 2010. The Tu-154 belonging to the Russian airline Kolavia, when landing in bad weather at the airport Mashad (Iran) made a rough landing. The aircraft was destroyed and burnt. By happy coincidence none of the 170 people hurt.
March 22, 2010. The Tu-204-100 Russian airline Aviastar-TU when landing in bad weather at the airport in Moscow / Domodedovo (Our Fatherland) landed in the forest before reaching the end polosy1500 meters. The aircraft was destroyed by one hundred percent. Eight people on board, received different injuries.
April 10, 2010. Plane Tu-154 Polish Air Force during landing in bad weather at Smolensk military airport / North (Our Fatherland) crashed. All 96 people on board, including Polish President died.
August 2, 2010. The AN-24RV Russian airline "Katekavia" when landing in bad weather at the airport Igarka (Our Fatherland) crashed. Of the 15 people on board were killed 12.
Data provided "Rosbaltu" Advisory and analytical agency "Safety of Flight"