25.10.11.Redchayshee natural phenomenon have recently locked with the hydrophones used previously in the tracking of the Soviet nuclear submarines.
Some scientists believe that the bottom activity — a kind of "heartbeat" of the planet. Discovered himicheskby process affects the composition of sea water, the deposition of precious metals, including gold, etc.
We are talking about some kind of substance, like a volcanic lava, flowing slowly from the depths of the planet and sprawling on the ocean floor.
But all this is happening in the dark late at night, out of reach of the underwater realm, protected from the prying eyes of many deadly pressure tonne-kilometers. That is why these processes are poorly understood and seem to us mysterious.
Cracks in the ocean as it pulsate periodic emission of hot magma, the length of raschelin — 80-90 thousand miles
Eruption of lava from volcanic craters are only a tenth of the total mass of lava, the rest is ejected and crevasses. This lava would be enough to cover all the roads annually American three-meter layer of rock.
Recent years, researchers have used to monitor volcanic activity hydrophones are left out in the cold after the Soviet and now Russian submarines have reduced their activity in the American coast. Thus scientists have, for example, to fix the hundreds of small eruptions off the coast of Oregon. They would also like to see what is happening on the seafloor. But this is impossible, since, say, the depth of the crack, named Gordo-Rich and formed the boundary between two plates underground, is about 3.5 km — no diver can not get there. Even underwater robots have a hard time — because the surrounding water is almost boiling.
However, such attempts. Scientists have recently went on a 50-meter research vessel "MacArthur" in the area noticed the volcanic activity and lowered into the water sensitive detectors. With their help, they were able to take samples erupted from fissures fluid, it has proved extremely abundant bacteria and rich variety of salts.
At the University of Washington in Seattle, scientists are trying to learn more about the exotic organisms that thrive at the boiling point. "This is the newest line of Microbiology", — said John Barr, a biologist, who undertook the study of the heat-resistant microorganisms.
Cracks between tectonic plates on the ocean floor, especially cleft Gordo-Rich, became especially famous in the 80-ies of XX century, when it became clear that they are bordered deposits of gold and other precious metals. This discovery helped in the years to then U.S. President Ronald Reagan to accelerate the adoption of the law on expanding the boundaries of the United States to 230-mile radius in the ocean.
But even after this cleft were poorly understood, and their evolution has been an enigma. Only in the 90s Navy hydrophones allow researchers to capture similar eruption quite regularly. After an underwater earthquake that struck Feb. 26, 1996, a group of scientists who first met on the ship "MacArthur," found a warm current width of 9 km. "It made a strong impression on us, — says the researcher Karent Van Damme, coordinating such research. — It is possible, in these cracks and emerged once life on our planet. "