Warming accelerates the water cycle on land and in the ocean

Warming accelerates the water cycle on land and in the ocean Scientists prove

In one study, a group of scientists from Australia and the U.S. shows that over the last 50 years of climate change have accelerated water cycle. Was based on data on the state of the seas and oceans from 1950 to 2000.

Scientists have determined that all of the main water reservoirs of the planet, regardless of geographical coordinates changed the salinity of water. This indicator is a sea change natural water cycle of rainfall and evaporation. Moreover, the study indicates that the process has run harder. There are suggestions that the lakes and rivers of the land is the same, so as they are characterized by the evaporation and replenishment by rainfall.

Changes in the level of water salinity from 1950 to 2000. Red marked areas with increasing salinity, blue — with diminishing.

The bottom line is that becoming more warm the Earth's atmosphere, as indicated by all the climatologists can absorb large amount of vapor from the surface of the water. The more water in the atmosphere, the more frequent and more intense will be held rain. Catastrophic for the Earth may be the fact that the heated atmosphere will absorb moisture from the warmer regions, which heated up due to prolonged drought and start out with small water supplies. In the areas of drought will become even more tangible (in Australia, Mexico, etc.). Moisture will be absorbed by the whole drift to where, and so surplus rainfall. Hence, the place of habitual flooding, will be even more dangerous. Research shows that in our time, the process of movement of moisture occurs in half the time.

Perform a thorough scientific calculations hurt small amount of data on the current situation with precipitation over the oceans. Basic information available in the arsenal of land concerned, mainly the northern hemisphere. However, there was a parallel between the level of salinity and the amount of rainfall. If the ocean is too warm atmosphere, water evaporates from the ocean surface, but the salt out of it is not going away. The area with salt water meet the arid regions on earth. If the ocean is rain, salt water is diluted with fresh water, which corresponds to the flooding on the land.

Specialized buoys to collect information about the level of salinity.

By adjusting the temperature and salt concentration involved 3.5 thousand special buoys scattered across the world's oceans. And in the south and in the north Atlantic, as in all parts of the Pacific and Indian oceans, scientists have found confirmation of his hypothesis about changing the hydrological cycle associated with global warming. There, as on land, the more humid areas become more saturated with moisture and fresh, and salty, and so gain more land salinity.

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