The controlled use of alcohol — the dream of any abuses alcohol. Someone is trying to move to a "light" drinks, someone is trying to snack more tightly, someone tries wonder drug of advertising, someone is experimenting on the basis of traditional medicine, someone is making breaks, trying to accustom themselves drink, for example, only on Fridays. Only these attempts are doomed to failure.
Why is controlled consumption — a myth that some alcoholics amuse themselves? To understand this, let's try to understand the mechanisms of formation of alcohol dependence.
Thus, alcohol is toxin detoxified in the body. As in most other cases, ethanol is engaged in the liver. Cascade transformation stage: first in ethanol hepatocytes by the enzyme alcohol dehydrogenase is converted to acetaldehyde, which is under the action of a second enzyme aldehyde is oxidized to acetic acid.
Acetaldehyde is several times more toxic ethanol. It is he who is responsible for the hangover, which in fact is a severe poisoning. But people who abuse alcohol, the body has to defend itself and from an overdose of alcohol. He does it quite unpretentious — increasing the activity of alcohol dehydrogenase. But the second enzyme accelerate fails.
A paradox — the liver tries to save the body from ethanol poisoning, but in the end we get an even more pronounced poisoning, but acetaldehyde. What to do — not everything that is done in our body is the best.
When systematic abundant libations alcohol dehydrogenase longer cope with their responsibilities, it takes the enzyme systems of the second echelon, which further increases the concentration of acetaldehyde in the body.
In the future reception of even small doses of alcohol leads to a cascade of increased concentrations of acetaldehyde. As a result — the loss of control and craving for another dose immediately return "burned."
So, on the drinker and healthy alcohol affected differently. Moreover, the differences and the effects of so radical that you would think that it is a different chemical substances: 100 grams of dry wine for a normal person — it's half a liter of vodka in the case of the alcoholic.
The above enzymatic disorders and pathological features of the oxidation of alcohol and once formed, there is always, regardless of whether to continue or not an alcoholic drink. It is therefore a man will never be able to drink a little bit, no matter how many years of sobriety is not passed.
Besides enzymes change their activity neuropeptides (biogenic amines), enable the other substances in the body. As a result, we can conclude that alcohol dependence — is dependent on the biochemical level, a level of metabolism. And it still is at this level and have not learned to cope, despite numerous studies and the huge funds spent on science.
The problem of alcoholism is currently being addressed at the level of psychological, not global, and individual scale. And the solution is — a personal choice of each individual drinker, in his choice — to drink or not to drink.
The choice is always there, but to do it properly, you need to consider two main points, two extremely important provisions that were in Addiction postulates, time-tested, doctors and patients.
The first. Drinker person is not able to restore the lost control over consumption of alcohol, even if you will make Herculean efforts. It is impossible in the nature of alcoholism, and from this particular person has, alas, does not.
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- The conclusion of the binge
- Calling psychiatrist at home
- Blockade of alcohol dependence
- Questions Narcologist online
- Test for alcoholism
However, the lack of a "loose" for alcohol — not a reason to be unhappy. The most reasonable in this situation — do not try to break through the wall of his head, and try to establish a sober life. This can help the doctor-psychiatrist, who during therapy sessions is able to find the problem, or "anchor" holding the patient in the slough of vodka, and suggest ways — how get rid of them. In addition, applying modern drugs, the doctor may compensate for biochemical confusion and hesitation in the body.
The second. Drinker can drink without reservation. At all. At all. And it is — the only chance to escape. Organism alcoholic pathologically responds to Liquor. Graphically this can be called an allergy to alcohol — even one glass can cause a cascade of chemical reactions with uncontrolled attraction. Most importantly, the fascination appears only when a person begins to drink. No one and nothing, including the quarrelsome wife, mother in law, or spiteful small salary, looking at where you want to get drunk, can trigger cravings as it makes the first, even the smallest portion of alcohol.
Physically unbearable cravings and alcohol engenders himself had supported, as long as he is in life drinker can not get rid of the craving. But if we give up the first drink, human behavior will remain under its control. This again can help the psychiatrist, which can suggest the correct course of action is not only the patient but also his loved ones — in each situation. We just need to not be afraid to ask for help to overcome alcoholism alone is unrealistic.