What is it?
Disease was first discovered by Russian doctors in 1944 in the Crimea, and later a similar disease has been described in the Congo, Nigeria, Senegal, Kenya.
The causative agent of fever is
A sick person can be a source of infection for others, described as cases of hospital infection by contact with the blood of patients.
What's going on?
The virus enters the body through the skin (with a tick bite), accumulates in the cells of the reticuloendothelial system, circulates in the blood. Incubatory period from 1 to 14 days (most
Noted the pronounced headache, weakness, drowsiness, muscle aches and joint pains, pains in the abdomen, sometimes accompanied by vomiting. On examination of patients in the initial period of a marked redness of the face, neck and upper chest ("symptom hood").
The virus affects vascular endothelium, as well as adrenal cortex, and hypothalamus, which eventually leads to increased vascular permeability, disruption of blood coagulation. Co.
There have been extensive hemorrhage at the injection sites, nosebleeds, bleeding gums. The severity of the disease increases during this period, there may be episodes of loss of consciousness. Stomach and intestinal bleeding worsen prognosis.
The average temperature remains elevated for 12 days, the recovery has been slow, enhanced slaost and fatigue (asthenia) is maintained for
Diagnosis and treatment
Recognition of the disease based on characteristic clinical findings (acute onset, severe course, expressed haemorrhagic syndrome, seasonality, tick bites in history). Virological and serological methods of diagnosis are rarely used in practice.
Treatment is carried out under conditions of infectious disease ward. Assigned to anti-inflammatory treatment, normal urine output. Not used drugs that increase renal damage.
Reduced to care for nature inperiod tick activity in areas endemic for the disease (Krasnodar and Stavropol, Rostov, Astrakhan, Volgograd Region, the Republic of Dagestan). The bite of the tick is an urgent need to contact the hospital.