Whenever the turn of the year for some reason all the covers certain itching, which can be called a "passion for the evaluation." On the one hand, that, in fact, that? Well, made a complete revolution around the Sun 5.98 x 1021 tons of various minerals, so what, what's all the fuss? On the other hand, the range defined, and even if so much has secured and there is a need to summarize, so why not at this very moment — the moment of the coming of the new year?
Recently, watching in one household appliances supermarket demonstration features a robotic vacuum cleaner that looked like a small inverted enamel basin for clothes on wheels, I remembered that excitement with which woke September 18, 2002 in anticipation of the beginning of a new era. Actually, I'm not prone to excessive exaltation and a sense of compassion light followed in due time for the enthusiasm of the masses, with the pump meet the "new millennium." But here's the September 17, 2002, and made his way me. All of it was the fact that on the night of the 17th to the 18th of September the pride of humanity — stuffed with all sorts of processors Robot Pyramid Rover — crawled through the southern shaft coming out of the Queen's Chamber in the Great Pyramid to, breaking the 64-meter, open the secret door limestone overlying this shaft. To understand why I was touched so much, I will say a few words about the Great Pyramid.
Pyramid of Khufu (the Greeks called it the Pyramid of Cheops), or the Great Pyramid, located on the Giza plateau near Cairo. In this
same plateau has two more pyramid of Khafre pyramid and Menka-rah. Despite the fact that the ancient Egyptians (who have one of the most honorable professions was a profession of clerk) left a heap of records about their history, any reliable information in their sources of these pyramids there. Extant data Herodotus in this respect are the retelling of some priestly tales that might be true, but it could be a complete fabrication. Nothing proves that the Giza pyramids were used for the burial of the pharaohs. In any case, no trace, except for cameras with granite sarcophagi — empty — was found. Was not found in them, and no treasures that, in theory, should have been put together with the pharaoh buried. In ancient times, all three pyramids were faced with smooth limestone and granite slabs that are already in this era of the Arabs stripped and used for the construction of mosques (residues lining preserved only on the pyramid of Khafre).
One of the most remarkable in the Great Pyramid — number symbolism hidden in its proportions. Thus, the ratio of the half-perimeter of the pyramid to its height gives the number Pi. Its length is equal to half the perimeter of the minute of latitude from the equator error of only 13 millimeters. (!) A building this pyramid over 4500 years ago. Faces of the pyramid are oriented precisely to the cardinal. According to the calculations of Napoleon, the stone that went to the construction of the three pyramids of Giza, would be enough to circle the whole of France Wall
height of 3 meters. One of the most plausible hypotheses about the purpose of the pyramids of Giza says that the whole complex was a perfect old computer to perform astronomical observations. Length of the base of the pyramid of Cheops refers to its height as 11:7, giving a total number of 18. Nothing in this number not, moreover, that it is obtained by adding three sixes — 6 6 6.
As soon as it comes to the three sixes, so immediately come to mind are the words of the Book of Revelation: "Here is wisdom. Anyone has insight, let him calculate the number of the beast, for it is the number of a man and his number is six hundred sixty-six." What is there for wisdom? What is this number? Revelation, known as the Apocalypse — in itself something very mysterious book, and here there is a clear analogy. In short, the pyramid of Khufu — a mystery. But!
Some time ago, a wise man in a private conversation drew my attention to the main mystery of the Egyptian pyramids. Historians (and just idle fans), studying the phenomenon of the pyramids, and only do what they are building all sorts of hypotheses on the subject of how they say the ancient Egyptians could produce multi-ton blocks, transport them and build them from the pyramid. However, the question of production — no doubt, a rather curious in itself — do not go to any comparison with the question of where, in fact, generally come from the ancient Egyptians, the technology of construction of the pyramids. The fact that the "production" of the pyramids in ancient Egypt
began about 5,000 years ago, something almost vnezapno.A so, generally speaking, does not exist. One of the peaks of modern building technology can be considered a skyscraper (cast in concrete). But in any city where there are skyscrapers, you can trace the evolution of building technology: here cellar — a distant descendant of mud huts in which lived ancient people, that's one-story private house, that's a stone house with two or three floors, five-story building that's, that's high-rise building, and there you are, and skyscraper. And all this, mind you, despite the fact that adjacent to each other within the same metropolis, stretched for centuries. Please dugout, then a house, then a brick three-story hacienda. Well, what would you say if on the banks of the Moscow River a thousand years or so ago would have been built high-rise building of Moscow State University. University (of course, then the name of someone else)? And around vyatichi and krivichi with bows and arrows. Somehow does not fit in my head? A construction of five thousand years ago — in the Bronze Age —
complex structures, which, perhaps, and now can not accomplish our fairly advanced in terms of building a civilization — it fits in my head?
At all times, all people one of the main indicators of the level of development of civilization was armed army. Curious to know how the Egyptian army was armed at the time when the pyramids of Giza were built. And here's how. At the armed soldiers of the Old Kingdom were the club with a stone point, battle-ax of copper, stone-tipped spear, combat knife made of stone or copper, as a defense used a wooden board covered with fur. So, on the one hand — a stone knife and a wooden shield, on the other — and still unmatched cyclopean structure constructed with knowledge of the proportions of the Earth and focused on the constellation of Orion.
By the way, in the construction business are considered the most complex structures are not skyscrapers and tunnels. Here, for example, the Soviet Union everything was balanced: the
military-industrial complex at the height and digging tunnels — be healthy (one of which is the Moscow Metro). In Egypt in ancient times, too, with tunnels was in order. Ancient sources tell us about the unprecedented giant maze, built on the site of an even more ancient pyramids. (That's interesting, as it were, through a thousand years or so perceived by our descendants five-tiered maze of tunnels, passageways and rooms that were left of the Moscow metro?). At the same time with him (about 2500 BC. E.) Was built a colossal pool and gateways. It was also started construction of a canal to connect the Nile and the Red Sea. All of these facilities are not up to our times "have survived." In short, I do not know who's there and I expected to find, starting Pyramid Rover in the southern shaft of the Great Pyramid, but I personally do not expect gold funerary mask of Pharaoh Cheops (if it existed at all). And what, for example? Hard to say.
In one of the articles of this series, I casually mentioned Hans Mohr-century — the famous American robotics concerned with the problem of artificial intelligence in the glorious 80s of the last century. Incidentally, I remember the young days, I have since left some books on AI, which at the time I was reading with a silent awe. Moravec reasoning about the future reorganization of the robots of the world it's possible to have guided the authors of the idea of the movie "The Matrix." "Our non-biological descendants who do not have the majority of our limitations that can reprogram itself may engage in basic knowledge about things" — fantasized Moravec. And here there is a curious question: what is a machine and that is life. Or even say this: to what extent artificial cybernetic device should be seen as a machine, and from what it should already be perceived as a living creature.
"I like to think that if I saw someone sitting next to me at the computer terminal, who was attempting to these creatures would send them into a digital equivalent of hell or awarded to only a select few who can write on the screen of his name, I tried to send that person to a psychiatrist! " These are the words of Christopher Langton, spe-
ists on the artificial life of the Santa Fe Institute. In a biographical article about him said, "He wanted people to understand that life is a process that can be executed by any number of organizations of matter, including the rapid change of the electrons in the computer."
Personally, I have people like Langton and Moravec set up in a philosophical mood. If you do not understand all too literally (for example, as in "The Terminator" with its riot of machinery, and in the same "Matrix"), then why not assume that in the near future advances in computer technology will cross the silicon era (late- of it all, she was only some fifty years), and will, for example, the creation of neural computers (and has now conducted some work in this direction). Having a neural processor, how long a person will refrain from so as not to implant it in the mind of a biological creatures: cats, dogs, bears, kangaroos, monkeys?
In the end, no matter in whose brain is implanted neural chip — the main thing that will result in being able to accumulation of knowledge and the development of the robot, and to reproduce as a biological organism. It is artificial life? What if this artificial life someday supplant the planet we humans? On this score, by the way, is also a kinoutopiya — "Planet of the Apes." But it's all fantasy, modeling the future. What if something like this has happened in the past? What if we, the people — just a biological cybernetic organisms, once ousted from the planet of its creators?
This idea is perhaps not so absurd, if you look at it closely. In any case, doing — even superficially — the history of science in general and the history of the emergence of the PC in particular, somehow all the time you come across the various oddities that can be briefly summarized as follows: some of the knowledge that we believe the product of scientific thinking of the last two- three centuries, have been known for thousands of years ago. And whenever encountering some such incongruities, humanity modestly refrained from comment. In one article, I mentioned about electric batteries, which
oolee and a half thousand years, and which were kept in the museum of Baghdad (I wonder what happened to them now, after the looting of the museum by American soldiers?). This is just one of many examples of the fact that did not fit in a straight chronological scale of evolution, simply ignored by historians. Narrow specialization — that is the scourge of our times. Staff research laboratories are struggling with the decision of the plurality of intermediate issues, not knowing that someone in a related field of science already took on them and successfully resolved. Who knows how much energy is wasted on the invention, again and again — bicycles. Techies can not agree with the techies. When trying to establish a contact between the technical and the human sciences, a mutual-exclusion and often — annihilation.
Anyway, the people as a little noticed very unusual facts. Here, for example, talking about the secrets of the Egyptian pyramids, how to resist and not to say a few words on our own, so to speak, of the local attractions pyramid. I am referring to the mausoleum on Red Square. The mystery about which I will say a few words, is not the only, but it was too blatant. And, strangely, I was trying to shed some light on this issue in a variety of instances (fortunately there were such opportunities) asked executives, historians, just that people in the know. And everywhere encountered the stereotypical response: "No, I do not know. And that, in fact, is it? Uh-uh … We should just go and see." Stuck in what?
If you stand facing the mausoleum and look at his right-hand corner, one finds that this is not the corner, and a strange angle corner (on the left side there is no such) with internal speakers area, such as the longitudinal spine. The fact that this is a coincidence — is possible because in this iconic building as a mausoleum, every detail is thought out and agreed by a hundred times. Next internal structures? Also — no, they would be easy to close the plates. Desperate to find an answer, I once again went to the security officer, who police uniform walks around the mausoleum, and asked him, "Do not you know by chance, for what this thing?" It is as if only waiting for this question and then told me about unconditional own-
successful experiences trying to figure out the purpose of this strange architectural detail that no one notices. We almost hugged or two kindred spirits in the middle of the metropolis, seeking solution to the mystery of the mausoleum — legacy of some ancient civilizations. By the way, the answer to this I do not know to this day, and would be extremely grateful for any information on this.
As for historians, then, in my opinion, they are somehow sluggish refer to facts that do not fit into the general linear conception. Let's say I had such a case. I came on a visit to one historian (he wrote a number of best-selling books, a very worthy man in all respects). Inquiring about my education and finding out that I'm not a humanitarian, he looked at me with a sort of pity, as if learned that my feet instead of dentures, or that I would live on the strength of a month. "It's very, very sorry" — said my friend the historian and led to show their pride — a collection of knives. Oh, I assure you, was a collection! Then there just was not: a stone ax from the Stone Age to the modern stuff. My attention was drawn to a curved sword, saber. "XIV century, belonged to one of the companions of Dmitry Donskoy" — said the owner of the museum. — "Can you remove and hold in their hands. But be careful — sharp." Different people have different ideas about what is "sharp". In any case, I did not expect that the sword that is more than 6 centuries, will cut my finger almost in half, barely I touch his blade. My friend the historian, giving me first aid, commented: "This sword rider in full armor is cut from the shoulder to the horse in half. Sharpen the only once-in the production." Sword, sharpened more than six centuries ago, who knows how many have chopped in half dressed all in armor of people (and, possibly, their horses), remained as sharp as a razor, to this day, and at the end of his career even cut my finger. That's what I call: technology! And add: the lost technology. But again the question: where does it come at a time? Historians of this issue for some reason not interested.
In general, these "old times" — which, in fact,
we know about them, if they are engaged in the study of people bragging that they do not know the physics and math? Is not it time for each museum to create a monitoring board consisting mainly of engineers — to inspect the museum's storerooms? What for? Well, here let's say, what can be said of the historical or philosophical graduate of the Faculty of the following text, which is 2,500 years old: "The compound must sooner or later fall apart, born — to die. Phenomena disappear one by one, past, present and future are destroyed , everything is transitory, all over the law of destruction. " That's right, he will say that this statement belongs to Prince Siddhartha Gautama (aka Ca-Kia-muni, aka Buddha). And what about that same text says the graduate of the Faculty of Physics of the same glorious school? And it can be said that the above text — somewhat simplified (apparently taken from a popular pamphlet) the definition of entropy, that is one of the cornerstones of modern concepts of physics and computer science.
Modern computer technology rests not only on the quantity of information as to the reciprocal of the number of entropy, but also on the binary coding system. The first who suggested the use of the binary system was Leibniz. In 1703 he published a special treatise "The use of binary arithmetic" (more on that readers Upgrade, overseeing a series of articles about the history of the computer should be well known). But the idea of Binary came up with Leibniz and, more importantly, how?
There is a Chinese tradition mentions about some mythical Emperor Fo-Hi. The time of his life to calculate the chronicles difficult — it's somewhere between 50,000 and 3,000 years BC. e. The interval is definitely big. From the time of the Fo-hi were a few pebbles with lines deposited on three: two direct and one broken (two units and one-zero or double zero and one unit?). These lines are called trigrams.
According to legend, Fo-hi was eight basic trigrams in order to solve the mystery of the celestial phenomena that occur in nature, but also to understand everything. Based on these three
gram later establishment of the Book of Changes. Book Variable indicates that at each time of its flow is divided into several branches. And the book gives advice on how to choose one or the other decision to go for any of the branches. It is said that Confucius so intensively studied the Book of Changes, read out to the holes as much as three copies. Remember Pope Sylvester II? Well, the Pope, who was elevated to the papacy in 999 (three sixes again — inverted!) Year. He is considered the inventor of the mechanical clock. In his youth, he traveled to the East. In his personal items in the palace was a lot of strange things, including some he created "Magic Head" in bronze, which was responsible "yes" or "no" to questions about the policy and the general position of Christianity, that is, working as a binary machine. And they say the recommendations of the head (destroyed after the death of Sylvester II) distinguished by a large number of hits "in the top ten." So, Sylvester II also studied the Book of Changes, is based on binary trigrams Emperor Fo-Hi. There was a copy of the manuscript and Leibniz …
Yeah, well, what's the assault of the Great Pyramid? And nothing, Pyramid Rover crawled 64 meters down a narrow (22 x 23 cm in diameter) shaft and proceeded to drill the door of limestone. By the way, why archaeologists have decided that it is the door, and not just a dead end? The fact that "it" had all the hallmarks of doors: hinges, handles, and whatever else, that is, apparently, it was assumed that it can be opened (by someone who can move in the hallway with a diameter of 22 x 23 cm) . The task of the robot is just that, and was that by drilling a door into the opening of a fiber optic camera on a stunned and show the world the secret of the Great Pyramid. The robot is all done properly (he and the robot): crawled, drilled, inserted and showed people languishing on longing … the second door! The first door shut with one hand a kind of cross-boxed camera, which on the other hand closed the exact same door. And this is something the robot to overcome the second door was not under force, he simply could not get to her.
Ancient pyramid creators know if the possibility is
Daubney attempt and blocked it. It is not from the people was also intended to protect the trick with a double door in the 64-meter corridor in which the cat-and it is unlikely to reverse. In short, the communion to the ancient mysteries of the Great Pyramid of September 18, 2002 did not take place. Tracked cybernetic freak Pyramid Rover overawed by the foresight of the ancient builders. Or maybe it's for the better? After all, "there is something terrible in the thought that our ability to wonder can disappear once and for all. And the reason for that is our knowledge." So is it worth trying to slightly open a Pandora's box? Suddenly we learn about ourselves something, what would we not want to know. Yet.
Yet the instinct to satisfy curiosity is too strong, so now the last test runs successor Pyramid Rover'a, which in the near future will rush to a new assault on the southern shaft in the Queen's Chamber of the Great Pyramid. What will he find there? We are, apparently, it will soon find out. It remains only to wait a bit when it opened the second door. ".
Upgrade 2 (144), 2004
See also: Secrets of the construction of the pyramids, Forbidden archaeological finds.