In Poland, the issue of Katyn is sacred. Every self-respecting Polish town has a street "Katyn Victims 'gymnasium' behalf Heroes Katyn", private, local, "Katyn cross." The situation for the average Pole, as in the popular Russian poem times: "… it is with the name of these falls, he gets up with the name of it." Special emphasis in the promotion of the Katyn threads Polish politicians and historians are doing on the lawless and savage execution of Polish officers and police in the spring of 1940 by the decision of the highest Russian authorities.
With all of this Polish side, despite the undeniable facts of the case for the merciless Red Army prisoners in 1919-1922 gg., Does not recognize their own responsibility for their deaths in Polish captivity and categorically rejects any allegations about the address in your own.
Particular outrage Poles summoned sample to draw parallels between Nazi concentration camps and camps for Polish prisoners of war. However, the basis for comparison is similar.
Polish historians also constantly appealing to the official documents adopted by the Polish authorities in the years 1919-1921. These documents, it would seem, should provide a relatively normal conditions of detention of the Red Army in the Polish POW camps. Punishment by flogging of prisoners there was also officially strictly prohibited. But the real situation, as in Auschwitz, was different.
The camp Strzalkowo: "It began with the purpose of 50 strokes of the cane Stitching Wire … More than 10 prisoners died of infection from blood."
"Every day, arrested and thrown out on the street instead of walking, jogging chase, ordering the fall in the mud … If captive refuses to fall or a fall can not climb exhausted his rifle butts beat. "
In the camp of Wadowice, "Long rods have always been ready … when I spotted 2-soldier caught in the adjacent village … Suspicious often translated into a special hut-hut area, there is almost no one did not come out."
In the camps of Brest-Litovsk, "Sami overcrowded barracks, in the middle of" healthy "for many patients. Among those … 1,400 prisoners just not healthy. Covered with rags, they huddle together, mutually warming. "
The camp Dabie: "Most barefoot — completely bare … bunk beds and virtually no … no grass, no hay-existent. Asleep on the ground or boards. Blankets are very few. "
As a specific "indulgences" in the issue of the mass death of Red Army prisoners in the country of Poland, Polish historians try to present the Russian-Polish collection of documents and materials "The soldiers in Polish captivity in 1919 — 1922 years.". Argues that: "The achieved agreement of researchers (Russian and Polish collectors. — Comm. Aut.) In respect of the number of dead in Polish captivity … Red closes the possibility of political speculation on the topic, the problem goes into the category of purely historical …" (A.Pamyatnyh. "New Poland», № 10, 2005).
The study documents the collection "The soldiers in Polish captivity in 1919 — 1922 years." Opens the picture itself feral savagery of the Polish side of the Red Army prisoners that the transition of this problem in the "discharge purely historical" not out of the question!
Similar conclusions will inevitably come at least some open-minded researcher, who has taken the trouble to carefully "peruse" 912-page collection of documents. Moreover, placed in a collection of documents conclusively demonstrate that the Russian Red Army prisoners of war, first ethnic Russian and Jewish, Polish authorities pursued a policy of extermination by hunger and cold, whip and bullet. Such acts Nuremberg trial in 1946, qualified as a "military atrocities. Murder and fierce appeal of Prisoners of War. " Clearly marked state criminal policy thrust of such forces to put the question of whether the actions of the Polish authorities to signs of genocide.
Also with a high degree of conviction can be concluded that the predetermination of the death of the Polish Red Army prisoners in the camps was conditioned common anti-Russian attitude of Polish society — the more will die Bolsheviks, the better. Much of the political and military control of Poland since shared these sentiments. Evidence that more than enough. Here are just a few of them.
More vividly the then anti-Russian sentiment that prevailed in the Polish society, defined the Deputy Minister of Internal Affairs of Poland, Józef Beck: "As of, I do not find enough adjectives to describe the hatred that we have in relation to it" (V.Sipols. "Secrets of the diplomatic", p. 35).
Knew firsthand about these sentiments and Volunteer Army Commander Anton Ivanovich Denikin, half a Pole by birth, born and spent his youth in Poland. Here is what he wrote in his own memoirs of ill and feral press polonization, giving the Russian land ceded to Poland under the Riga Treaty of 1921: "The Poles began to eradicate them all sorts of signs of Russian culture and citizenship, and abolished altogether Russian school, and especially up in arms against Russian church. Not enough, began closing and destruction of Orthodox churches "(A. Denikin." Way of the Russian officer, "p. 14).
Overall, in Poland at that time was destroyed 114 Orthodox churches, including the was blown on its own unique cultural significance of the Warsaw Cathedral of St. Alexander Nevsky, who had in his own collection of more than 10 thousand pieces and objects of the world's artistic value. Justifying this barbaric act, the newspaper "Voice of Warshawski" wrote that "destroying the temple, so we have proved its an advantage over Russia, his victory over it."
The Polish side to the Red Army prisoners as clearly expressed the camp commander at Brest-Litovsk, which arrived in the autumn of 1920 was a prisoner of war, said: "You, the Bolsheviks wanted our land away from us — well, I will give to you the land. To kill you, I have no right, but I will feed so that you yourself will die "(" Red Army soldiers in Polish captivity … ", p. 175).
Reasoning that the young Polish country had real ability to provide tolerable conditions of existence of Red Army prisoners are not fully justified. Costs to ensure that the prisoners in the camps do not sleep naked on the bunk or on the ground floor, and on the grass, was pitiful. But it does not only political will and desire, but, first, the case for Russian prisoners of war and Jews as a people. That did not happen.
The use of the phrase "Jews and Russian prisoners of war" is not the case. It should be understood that the placement of prisoners in the Polish camps conducted, in the main, on a national basis. With all of this in a very languid state is "Bolshevik Russian prisoners (after the separation of the Bolshevik element) … and the Jews" ("The Red Army …", s.280-282).
Typically, about a similar unizhitelnom and cruel treatment of the Poles to the Allies — Russian Whites, interned in camps in the Polish countryside, wrote in his own letter dated 21 December 1920 the head of the Polish country Jozef Pilsudski implacable fighter against Bolshevism Boris Savinkov (
"The soldiers …" s. 458).
Russian Bolshevik prisoners and Jews Polish authorities have virtually no thought for the people. In another hard to explain the fact that in the largest Polish POW camp in Strzalkowo three years failed to resolve the issue of the administration of the natural needs of prisoners of war during the night. In the barracks, there were no toilets, and the camp administration under terror shooting forbade go out after 6:00 pm of the barracks. Because the prisoners "were forced to send natural need for bowlers, of whom later had to eat" ("The Red Army …", p. 696).
The report of the Russian-Ukrainian delegation noted that: "The content of prisoners in their underwear, the Poles did not treat them as human beings equal to the race as slaves. Beating / prisoners was practiced at every turn … "(" The Red Army … ", p. 704). Lazarus Gindin in a conversation with his grandson in 1972, recalls that from him just after his capture, "… took off his boots and clothes, gave them instead of rags. According to one called in for questioning. Later led barefoot through the village. Poles ran up, thrashed the prisoners, abused. The convoy did not stop them. "
From the above it follows that, based only on the material of "The soldiers in Polish captivity in the years 1919-1922.", You can make an informed conclusion that the incident of mass death of Red Army on the territory of Poland in 1919-22 yy may be considered as evidence of the genocide Russian Red Army prisoners and their deliberate destruction of the Polish side.
2. The genocide of the German population Bromberg and Shulittse. September 1939
By the end of August 1939 the voltage between the 3rd Reich and Poland have gained their own climax. The Poles have flatly refused to grant proposals Hitler Germany so called "Danzig Corridor", which has permitted the Germans would be free to get to areas of the Reich in Eastern Prussia. East Prussia was cut off from Germany by the decision of the Allies in 1919. Areas of West Prussia were transferred to the newly formed Polish state. In these areas, a huge population of the German population.
Quite unprepared for war Poland confidently rejected all proposals for Russian military assistance. Poland was sure that she would assist the United Kingdom and France.
As we approach the conflict in Poland was growing anti-German propaganda. 3rd September 1939 units of the Polish army, the gendarmerie and the police, as individual civilians face made mass murders of the German population of Bydgoszcz (Bromberg last German) Shulittse, a 10-towns in the framework of Poznan (Posen). Included in these campus units advancing Wehrmacht found that their streets are covered with the corpses of men, women, young kids and the elderly. Mass graves have been found in urban districts.
One of the witnesses of atrocities local inhabitant of Sikorsky Paul testified: "On Sunday, 3rd September 1939 around 6:00 in the afternoon I went to the mill, turn off the lights and stop the turbine. Along the way, I suddenly heard a resounding clicks from the railway embankment. Coming closer, I saw a group of railway workers, civilian and military officials that surrounded any of seven older people from 20 to 60 years old and lupila their butts and clubs, as well pricked with bayonets. I ran closer and heard them scream in Polish: "Kill the Germans!" I beheld the blood of the current jets. Horrified, I ran away from that place. Later, I went back there and saw several dead bodies lying around the mound. At 2-from their eyes were gouged out with bayonets. The orbits were empty and were a bloody mess. Three of the skull had been smashed and the brain emerged from them. Three of the victims were known to me. They were: Leyshnitts, butcher Egershof and Herr Schlicht.
After the afternoon, between 3 and 4 o'clock, a group of Polish fighter with the railroad came to my mill and brought a 18 Germans. They were tied together in pairs. Then they were all shot in my eyes. Among them were 14 year old boy and a woman.
On Monday afternoon, when it was said that Polish soldiers had already left the city, the two fighters brought to the mill of the old man and the old lady. In my eyes they put them to the wall. I ran to the soldiers, knelt down in front of them and asked them in Polish, so they let go of the 2-man of old times, who was about 65 years old. One soldier pushed me the butt and said, "Let these damned Germans are killed." After which two old men were shot and their bodies thrown into a ditch. "
The murder of German civilians inhabitants struck his own ruthlessness. In the middle of the dead were infants and young toddlers with tied hands back and turtle breeding, young girls pricked with bayonets, old burnt alive. In Bromberg Protestant church was burned, 10's German homes were destroyed and looted.
Often people were mutilated beyond recognition, making it difficult to identify. Was identified 15 thousand corpses, but a huge number of bodies were not identified, and by some reports only killed about 58 thousand people.
Nazi atrocities of the Polish government used the military to promote and justify the massacres of Polish civilians. After the second world war, when it became known to the Nazi atrocities at Babi Yar, Khatyn, Lidice, Oradour, Auschwitz and Majdanek, the "Bromberg Bloody Sunday" forgotten. In the USSR the "fraternal" Soviet Poland was not to criticize, but now after the introduction of the world's population in the brains of the myth of "Katyn" throw the stone in the garden "unfortunate victims" of Nazism and Bolshevism, which represent Poland in the West, is simply not decently.
But we have no right to forget that the greatest crime against the peace of the country Polish German population, crime, and that in its scope, and on his own liking in no way inferior to other atrocities of the second world war.
Polish authorities themselves tactfully silent about this atrocity Straseni their predecessors, as they really do not love to reminisce about their other sins, for example, the mass murder of Jews during and after the second world war.
2. The mass murder of Jews during the second world war
In the first days of the German aggression against the Russian Union, July 10, 1941 mass Poles, armed with sticks, clubs, stones and axes, attacked the Jewish population of the village of Jedwabne. And once it was brutally murdered a few 10 s people. Others, the survivors were herded into the barn and burned alive. According to the official version of the killing 1,500 people, but many Polish historians recognize only 350. By the way, to recognize that it is a sin has been committed by the Poles, the Polish government has only recently, and previously was common version is that all the Germans did.
After the defeat of Poland and up to June 22, 1941 Jedwabne was on the Russian countryside. After the German attack on the Soviet Union was on the Jedwabne area occupied by German troops.
In April 1945, the inhabitant of Jedwabne Shmuel Vaserstein gave testimony of the Jewish Historical Commission in Bialystok. In Jedwabne, in his post, before the war lived 1,600 Jews. The Germans entered the town in the evening June 23, 1941. And on the 25th massacre, which became the pioneers of the local inhabitants. Vaserstein gives the names of certain people (he calls them bandits), broke into Jewish homes. Some were killed with stones, and others — with a knife, gouged out h
is eyes, cut off the tongues. Two young Jewish murderers to laughter drowned malehankih own kids in the pond and drowned themselves, so just avoid suffering. July 10 in the town arrived a few Gestapo. At a meeting with representatives of local government, they wanted to know how they are going to do with the Jews. The answer was the usual: to kill.
On offer to throw the Germans living in at least one family in which there are excellent craftsmen, it was stated that in the town-house expertise rather Poles. It was decided to round up all the Jews to the barn on the edge and burn. Armed with axes, pitchforks, sticks stuffed with nails, Polish Jews were expelled to the outside. A group of very young and the healthy commanded to dig delivered after the arrival of the Red Army monument to Lenin, a Russian song to take it to the Jewish cemetery and throw in the pit, in which all of them beaten to death. Forced to dig pits killer, throwing back the dead bodies before, and then put to death those who have done this work. Eventually built a tower, placed at the head of 90-year-old rabbi and a reddish flag marched to the barn. Drown clicks tortured, playing different musical instruments. Barn was doused with gasoline and set on fire. When the fire died down, we burned corpses of gold teeth knocked out. Immediately began to plunder the abandoned Jewish homes.
The murder of the Jews lasted beyond the end of the second World War. In a memorandum to the Polish authorities began in 1946 stated that from November 1944 to December 1945 was killed by readily available information 351 Jew. Most of the murders took place in Kielce and Lublin region, the victims were returning from concentration camps or former guerrillas.
Most of the Kielce Jews housed in the building at 7 Planty Street, which housed the Jewish Committee and the kibbutz organization "Zionist youth." The reason for the massacre was the disappearance of eight-year boy Henrik Blashchika. He disappeared on July 1, 1946 and came back in a day or two, saying that he had been kidnapped and Jews, hiding, set out to destroy. July 4th, 1946 at 10:00 am to the house, where the Jews came a huge number of people, many of whom were in the Polish military uniform. By noon, about the structure of the Jewish Committee were about 2-thousand people. Sounded in the middle of the slogans were: "Death to the Jews," "Death to the murderers of our children", "finish the job Hitler". At noon, the building received a group led by Vladislav Blahutom police sergeant, who disarmed the audience to resist the Jews. As it turned out, was the only representative Blahut police entered the middle. When the Jews refused to go out, Blahut began to peel them handle of the gun, shouting: "The Germans did not manage to kill you, but we will finish their work." Weight cracked doors and shutters, the rioters were leaked to the rear and began to kill logs, stones and harvested by steel rods.
During the outrages were killed 47 Jews, among them babies and pregnant ladies, also injured more than 50 people.
Such a far from complete list of war crimes of the country, claiming to be the sole victim and requiring other states, first from the Russian Federation, repentance and real compensation.
According to the materials of websites "The truth about Katyn", "Russian Line", "Wikipedia", as American and German printed sources.