Rubella — vysokozaraznoe an acute infectious disease caused by the rubella virus.
Most often sick unvaccinated children
The source of infection is a person with symptomatic or erased form rubella. Modes of transmission —
What's going on?
The incubation period of the disease lasts from 11 to 24 days (most
Rubella virus enters the body through the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract and is carried by the blood throughout the body, causing swelling of the lymph nodes, particularly those that are located on the back of the head and neck. Sometimes there is a slight runny nose, dry cough, sore throat, watery eyes. The most difficult rubella occurs in adults: characterized by an increase in body temperature (up to
In the first daydisease in
Children rubella usually proceeds easily.
Complications of measles are extremely rare and occur in children with immunodeficiency. These include pneumonia, ear infections, arthritis, angina, thrombocytopenic purpura. Very rarely (mainly in adults) occur brain damage — encephalitis and meningoencephalitis. Rubella in pregnant women is not a serious danger to the mother, but significantly increases the risk of fetal malformations.
Diagnosis and treatment
The diagnosis of rubella, usually if the child has been exposed to rubella patients, it is not vaccinated, there is a characteristic skin rash, swollen lymph nodes and other symptoms.
The diagnosis is confirmed by a blood test from a vein in antiviral antibodies, which is held on
Treatment is usually carried out at home. During the eruption child needs bed rest. Specific treatment is not administered, sometimes used symptomatic agents (drugs that eliminate the symptoms of the disease).
When the complications require emergency hospitalization.
Prognosis in most cases favorable. Reinfection rubella impossible.
To prevent the spread of infection with rubella isolates within 5 days after the rash appears. In respect of persons to communicate with them any restrictive measures not provided, quarantine of child care does not impose. It is important to avoid contact with sick child pregnant women.
Vaccination against rubella is included in the immunization schedule. In Russia, the most frequently used triple vaccine