Seasonal drifting ice base "Borneo" is organized by the Association of Russian polar explorers and geographic community every year since 2002. According to Arthur Chilingarov, presidential envoy for international cooperation in the Arctic and Antarctic regions, this year, the base should be open by the first of April.
On hearing the name of the camp sounds very exotic. Why "Barneo"? Not to be confused with a real tropical island of Borneo (Kalimantan). On the island of Borneo, which is part of the Malay Archipelago, the average temperature is 30 degrees. And "Barneo" all the same 30, only with a minus sign.
Director of the Arctic and Antarctic Museum (St. Petersburg), Victor Boyarsky said that while "Barneo-2011 'does not exist — its creation is in the process of training: a plane loaded with fuel platform, with tractors, equipment camps.
Place the base while not precisely defined: the square of finding a suitable place for it — between 90 ° and 120 ° east longitude and 88 ° 30 'and 89 ° 30' north latitude, 20-30 kilometers from the North Pole. The search space will be made with the help of two helicopters. When there is a suitable ice floe for the construction of the airport, it will be reset two tractors with drivers who will take the equipment and the landing pad. After the construction of its Inspect to appreciate the level of security, and then the base will start its operations.
Although initially the base trying to organize as close as possible to the North Pole, a month it can be attributed to a distance of 200 kilometers. The lifetime of the base — a month, a maximum of 40 days. When the season shifts and cracks are noticeable, so the base has collapsed. All equipment and waste are removed from the base in Longyearbyen, where, in agreement with the Governor of Svalbard recycled.
Feature of the "Borneo" is that it comes as scientists and tourists. The capacity of the base — 250-300 people, though those wishing to visit the North Pole even more. This is despite the fact that traveling is not cheap — from 10 000 euros per person. The entire budget of the base keeps it from tourists, no state funds to support it are released. The tourists can enjoy skiing and helicopter programs, diving and even skydiving. Key newcomers — the foreigners, but in recent years has increased and the Russians.
"The value of base is that a lot of people can see with their own eyes the Arctic, as well as understand the importance of the work carried out by professional explorers on expeditions, the vice-president of the Association of Polar Explorers Vladimir Strugatsky. — When you stand on the top of our planet, and for you — the entire globe, it would be desirable to make such a journey many, many times. "
After creating the database will be the third expedition led by renowned polar explorers Matvey Shparo and Boris Smolin, in which young people from 16 to 18 years should get about 100 miles away from the station "Barneo" to the North Pole. Among children — winners of "Ski Track of Russia — 2010", the past, in addition, a special selection.
However, the main value of the base "Borneo" — scientific. It is open to scientists from all over the world. As the main income comes from tourists, institutions and scientists to conduct research on the basis of having to pay quite a bit. The "Borneo" creates a unique environment for research in the polar region, in the high Arctic.
Research activities on the part of Russia here are the Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute (St. Petersburg) and the Institute of Oceanology of Russian Academy of Sciences (Moscow). Their task — monitoring of the natural areas in particular, the hydrosphere, the ocean and its hydro-physical characteristics and biotic properties, study of the ice sheet and its local dynamics, atmospheric characteristics, ozone layer, as well as solar radiation fluxes and their influence on the formation of ice. These studies that are held every year for quite some time already, can observe the changes in the Arctic in an era of changing climate. On the basis of constantly 5-10 Russian scientists, about 10 American, small groups also come from other countries, such as Norway.
"I think in the current situation it properly when combined science and tourism — Viktor Boyarsky. — At no cost to travelers establish a scientific basis would be impossible. "