Nizhny Novgorod, scientists have made a breakthrough in the creation of Biocybernetical systems.
The cart with a motor accelerates, stuck in the plastic cube and thinking literally half a second, turn left, going around the obstacle. It seems to be nothing special: a radio-controlled cars now have with any boy. However, this truck runs brain. Not a human — rat.
Alex Pimashkin conducting an experiment, the head of the project "Neyroanimat" (the word means a robot capable of thinking and self-learning) Department of Neurodynamics and Neurobiology University of Nizhny Novgorod. Lobachevsky, together with the Institute of Applied Physics, Nizhny Novgorod Medical Academy and the University of Leicester (UK).
What is the focus of a new toy? Utykayas probe into the target, it sends a signal to rat "brain", which arose in response to irritation, reflexively trying to do something like that to remove this annoyance. Tries several times, constantly reducing the time of the decision.
To manage wheelset scientists do not even need the entire rat "brain." They cut it into thin plates placed at a body temperature of the culture medium with oxygen feed. In fact, simple "brain" is a thin layer of nerve cells at the bottom of a glass cup-tube. At the bottom of a cup can be brought to the "brain" of a larger number of electrodes and EEG shoot more accurate than the present brain (skull distorts the signals passing through it).
"Input indignation, in this case, the electric — explains the head of the department Viktor Kazantsev, — causes a reaction that has not been laid. And that is learning. " Living system, unlike a purely logical, stores once the situation. Accumulating this type of memory, it cultivators, ie, starts to think.
Robot "sweet tooth"
Rat "brain", located at any distance from the actuator (for radio distance is not an obstacle), will be able to manage not only the pair of wheels, but spaceship capable as deftly avoid obstacles — asteroids. In this case, the neural system does not need a battery — the energy it receives from the dissolved sugar. In space, where energy reserves are limited, it is enough to have sugar or synthesize it in place. Suppose found organics on Mars is easy to use for the synthesis to fuel a "live processor."
Explore the farthest depths of the ocean is also advantageous to the processor alive — he can get sugar from marine organisms.
Prosthetic limbs will be controlled devices that integrate with the human nervous system. Then the arm or leg can "own" improved by performing more and more subtle and complex motion. Moreover, they will surpass the natural bodies, developing a much larger effort.
"In living systems, — said V. Kazantsev, — an infinite number of solutions to the same problem. Classic robot, which we used to know it are always doing the same job the same way, for the program. A living system is able to find new solutions to the most complex and previously unknown problems. "