103rd Armoured Repair Plant

Amur region in Siberia and the Far East has long been one of the supporting regions of the Armed Forces of the Soviet Union and later Russia. In recent years, due to the reform of the military sphere, he has lost much of its position: most of the units due to the shift of the center of the military district of the Chita to Khabarovsk changed the place of deployment, leaving the Trans-Baikal steppe. Traceless for the military presence in the region is not, as the infrastructure to change their place of residence on the orders can not.

Grew up in the Cold War

 103rd Armoured Repair Plant — one of the largest defense companies in Siberia and the Far East — at the behest of the senior military leadership of the USSR in 1942 began to build it in the Trans-Baikal region. Despite the fact that building a new facility began during the Second World War, to his duties, he was able to proceed only after it. 1946 was a landmark for BTRZ — came off the assembly line the first armored vehicles repaired.
And once the Soviet Union entered the era of another war — the cold. The arms race, organized by the two superpowers, of course, first and foremost, and touched the defense industry, the power of which was increased in the geometric progression.

TRZ, starting with the renovation of the T-34, from year to year to develop new technology, following up with the military achievements of the Soviet military industry. As soon as the army of the new armored vehicles came, the plant was reconstructed and equipped with equipment for its repair. From the outset of his BTRZ conveyors produced more than thousands of vehicles, including tanks were not only different modifications, but also infantry combat vehicles, armored recovery vehicles, mine-sweepers, universal tractors and others.
Even in difficult times for the country’s 80 th and 90 th 103rd BTRZ felt quite good. In 1992, was discontinued production of the old technology, and in 1993, the factory moved to the repair of contemporary models of tanks: T-72A, T-72B1, BMP-2. Then have been manufactured prototypes of universal tractor BPS-5 on the basis of the T-72, mastered the production of minesweeper BMI ‘Court B ".


  By the early 2000s, the plant mastered the repair of all models of armored vehicles, the armament of the Russian army. Given the number of repaired military equipment and the geographical location of the enterprise, 103rd BTRZ alone is able to serve two largest military districts of the country — Central and Eastern.


June 11, 2009 103rd BTRZ officially became a public company in which the majority owner is still left the state. Change of ownership does not affect the operation of the enterprise. It still carries out orders of the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation, including to foreign countries. For example, in 2009-2010, the factory repaired tanks T-55M for the Republic of Cuba, now here it performs a large order for Venezuela. At this point in the Latin American country has sent 98 tanks T-72B-1, for the repair of which the Ministry of Defence is paying almost 15 million. 

Repairs — a delicate matter!
The repair process is extremely complex military equipment. The tank, drive the factory, disassembled literally to the last detail, of which there are about a thousand. Each of them goes to a specialized workshop. It was there to clean it, defect, if necessary, repaired and tested. 




It may be interesting plot cleansing body armor, which is made in a special chamber with a cast-iron shot. Literally bombard the tank, so that can get rid of old paint.
A much more subtle process occurs in the repair of towers and cannons. Errors on this site can not be, that the accuracy of instruments depends directly on the setting, adjusting and testing of sight and automatic loader. These transactions take place not only in the workshop, but also on the range during firing.

  Surprise and some other details of the design of military vehicles. For example, in the tank is about two miles of wires of different diameters. This is the reason for the existence of a special area BTRZ recovery and production of wires.


In large machine shops located here, repairing everything from skating rinks and ending transmissions. By the way, very interesting mechanisms exist here on almost every site. For example, after repair of the motor is mounted on special equipment with which it is able to check in places different loads with water.

 It is also noteworthy that the items are taken from a particular tank marked with a unique number, so that upon completion of repairs they are set on it though. Except that replaced due to damage.
At the last stage of repair machine after assembly is sent to the landfill, located near the plant where it passes inspection. 100-kilometer run enough not only to assess the quality of repair, but also to get dirty fairly freshly painted tank, so it has to be re-washed.

  It happens to the plant come tanks that are not subject to recovery. They go to the local "cemetery" — Repair park. Formerly part of the old cars used in the repair, but now they go for recycling, by sawing them to the state from which recovery is impossible. Remparka territory and all its contents belong to the Ministry of Defense.

Defenses depend on them


Today the plant operates one shift more than 700 people of different professions. With an increase in orders from the Ministry of Defense enterprise can go to work in two shifts, increasing the number of employees. Of course, for the people, on which the country’s defense, it is necessary to provide all the necessary conditions for work and rest: a medical center, a dining room, a palace of culture, museum, recreation center and a children’s camp on Lake Arahley.



 2012 for the 103rd BTRZ be historically significant because this year he turns 70. Judging by the number of orders and the size of financial investments in the plant, worry about its fate is not necessary. In this regard, employees BTRZ can only congratulate the anniversary and a recent afternoon tanker and wish them continued prosperity of the company!

Alexey Abramenko, Andrew Grout
September 11, 2012

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