Fishery sector is gray and opaque, and therefore accompanied by a set of myths. Portal Slon.ru decided to walk on the main of them.
1. In Russia eat little fish.
Of course, if you take the Mediterranean countries, it may seem that the Russian fish eat little. However, the average consumption is not only
As a special honor said head
2. Best Russian fish goes abroad
Sorry to disappoint the supporters of the idea of the looting of Russian biological resources by foreign companies, but the basic position of the Russian fish exports, which accounted for about 70% is pollock, which is very far from the title of the best fish — even his cats are not all there will be. He comes mainly in China and Korea.
It would seem, why worry about the fact that we give something that is not particularly in demand in the Russian market. However, with all the dislike of the Russian people to the pollock industry representatives still
3. High dependence on imports
This contradicts the previous myth, but sits in the minds of many, often heated officials urge you to defend the Russian manufacturer. The share of Russian production of fish products in the domestic market in 2011 was 78%, this figure can be considered satisfactory in view of the fact that
About 70% of fish imports in Russia comes from Europe. In general, relations Russian and foreign suppliers is hardly competitive, as we import mainly those species of fish, which we have or not, or not enough. For example, we are importing and exporting herring, but deliver abroad Pacific, and we buy — Atlantic, with other consumer properties. According
4. Year after year, Russian fish catch reduced
The fact that the aquatic resources should be protected, no one disputes — many species, especially fish delicacies (eg, sturgeon) are really endangered. However, total catches in Russia, according to official information, only grow. According to the Russian Federal Fisheries Agency, in the last five years, the fish catch has increased on average by 4.8% per year. In 2011, he was better prepared for the last 10 years, the result — were caught 4.2 million tonnes of fish products without aqua-and mariculture, as well as catch lovers. Production of commercial food fish production increased by 6.8%.
The real problem for the industry are not catches, and lower processing volumes — 57% of the fish sold to the population in the raw form. The reason is simple. "We have a much lower investment attractiveness than in some other countries, — says Sergey Gudkov, the executive director of" Fish union. " — Above the refinancing rate, processors often have no confidence in uninterrupted receipt of raw materials, there are serious administrative barriers, and only about corruption and can not speak — so it’s hackneyed subject. "
5. A high proportion of re-importation
There is a myth, according to which Russia supplies abroad large amounts of fish in the form of raw materials, and then imports it is in the form of finished products. Some analysts have even led
Re-import, of course, exist, but in much smaller quantities than most people think. "This is to re-import is the delivery of pollock fillets from China, — says Sergey Gudkov, the executive director of" Fish union. " — It’s the fish that our fishermen caught and sold to Chinese processors (this year, while 2%). And it comes back to us significantly modified, often (up to half of their body weight) stuffed with phosphates and glaze. But even with such a non-competitive advantage in all previous years, imports of such fillets did not exceed 5% of the capacity of the Russian market of consumption of pollock. To consider this issue grandiose, at least, funny, although it requires a radical solution for the protection of the Russian consumer. "