5 myths about the Russian fish

Fishery sector is gray and opaque, and therefore accompanied by a set of myths. Portal Slon.ru decided to walk on the main of them.

1. In Russia eat little fish.

Of course, if you take the Mediterranean countries, it may seem that the Russian fish eat little. However, the average consumption is not only fits in the Ministry of Health standards, but even exceed them. Doctors recommend 18-20 kg per person per year, according to the Federal State Statistics Service, Russia consumes 22 kg. Moreover, it is believed that this figure is an underestimate, since the Federal State Statistics Service does not account for the consumption of canned fish and aquaculture products, as well as fish that fishermen catch-goers. Of course, it is necessary to take into account that data for different regions of Russia can vary widely, and the norms of the Ministry of Health to be not too high, but the fact remains.

As a special honor said head Rosrybolovstva Andrew Ultra, Russia in terms of consumption of fish approaching the performance of Japan. However, this is not only due to the growth of consumption in our country, but also due to the fall from them, in ten years the average per capita consumption of fish products in Japan decreased from 40.2 kg in 2001 to 29.5 kg in 2010.


2. Best Russian fish goes abroad

Sorry to disappoint the supporters of the idea of the looting of Russian biological resources by foreign companies, but the basic position of the Russian fish exports, which accounted for about 70% is pollock, which is very far from the title of the best fish — even his cats are not all there will be. He comes mainly in China and Korea.

It would seem, why worry about the fact that we give something that is not particularly in demand in the Russian market. However, with all the dislike of the Russian people to the pollock industry representatives still call recognize its strategic raw materials and protect against export abroad, developing processing on Russian territory. Causes: raw pollock has a very low value added, and therefore does not bring much income. A low-cost products based on it would be more in demand by Russian consumers.


3. High dependence on imports

This contradicts the previous myth, but sits in the minds of many, often heated officials urge you to defend the Russian manufacturer. The share of Russian production of fish products in the domestic market in 2011 was 78%, this figure can be considered satisfactory in view of the fact that Food Security Doctrine requires 80% by 2020, and we have a positive dynamics. In 2011, imports of fish in Russia decreased by 7.8% — to 917,000 tonnes, including imports of chilled and frozen fish (including fillets) decreased by 11.1% — to 705,000 tons. Given the growth of local production ramp up the missing 2 percentage points over the 8 years we can. And given the "amateur" fish, it is almost certain this level has already been reached.

About 70% of fish imports in Russia comes from Europe. In general, relations Russian and foreign suppliers is hardly competitive, as we import mainly those species of fish, which we have or not, or not enough. For example, we are importing and exporting herring, but deliver abroad Pacific, and we buy — Atlantic, with other consumer properties. According Fisheries Union, Among the major countries exporting fishery products to us, — Norway, Iceland, supplying us herring and salmon, as well as Estonia (sprat, herring), Faroe Islands (trout), etc.


4. Year after year, Russian fish catch reduced

The fact that the aquatic resources should be protected, no one disputes — many species, especially fish delicacies (eg, sturgeon) are really endangered. However, total catches in Russia, according to official information, only grow. According to the Russian Federal Fisheries Agency, in the last five years, the fish catch has increased on average by 4.8% per year. In 2011, he was better prepared for the last 10 years, the result — were caught 4.2 million tonnes of fish products without aqua-and mariculture, as well as catch lovers. Production of commercial food fish production increased by 6.8%.

The real problem for the industry are not catches, and lower processing volumes — 57% of the fish sold to the population in the raw form. The reason is simple. "We have a much lower investment attractiveness than in some other countries, — says Sergey Gudkov, the executive director of" Fish union. " — Above the refinancing rate, processors often have no confidence in uninterrupted receipt of raw materials, there are serious administrative barriers, and only about corruption and can not speak — so it’s hackneyed subject. "


5. A high proportion of re-importation

There is a myth, according to which Russia supplies abroad large amounts of fish in the form of raw materials, and then imports it is in the form of finished products. Some analysts have even led data, that as a result of this cycle of 70% of fish imports into Russia of its own production of the same. But in fact, such data arise from the characteristics of the formation of the customs statistics, which falls under the Russian fish that is delivered ashore via the border crossing points. For the real situation, they have no relationship.

Re-import, of course, exist, but in much smaller quantities than most people think. "This is to re-import is the delivery of pollock fillets from China, — says Sergey Gudkov, the executive director of" Fish union. " — It’s the fish that our fishermen caught and sold to Chinese processors (this year, while 2%). And it comes back to us significantly modified, often (up to half of their body weight) stuffed with phosphates and glaze. But even with such a non-competitive advantage in all previous years, imports of such fillets did not exceed 5% of the capacity of the Russian market of consumption of pollock. To consider this issue grandiose, at least, funny, although it requires a radical solution for the protection of the Russian consumer. "



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