What and how do we know about corruption in Russia as a whole?
What we tell the media, referring to the organization Indem (Georgy Satarov), "Transparency International», the reports of the World Bank (WB), etc.
But the data show that these organizations — based on their own explanations? They reflect how plainly says, "Transparency", the level of perception of the citizens of the scale of corruption in their country. But it’s like to have Ksenia Sobchak’s introduction — "a vicious circle turns"!
We are aware of the extent of corruption investigations in which it appears "our" view of the subject. Here, it is necessary to specify who the "we." It’s not always just us. This is often the "experts" or anonymous "businessmen" who share their experiences.
In this case, all the famous zamerschik corruption based their conclusions on the statements of each other. Such as the World Bank — on impressions of employees INDEM etc.
Why do we need such assessments — a separate issue. There is much more interesting "take tests" from the "life-giving source," the media and see what he can get out of the common man.
Start searching the network and the media.
Today (2011) in use "experts" here is that (with slight variations): "corruption turnover in Russia is about 50% of GDP, which almost corresponds to the World Bank — 48% of GDP."
Originator — "RBC" with reference to the one of the many anti-corruption groups.
What was it before?
"NG", "Yesterday George Satarova Indem Foundation presented" The dynamics of corruption in Russia: 2001-2005. " According to the fund over the past four years, the corruption market in Russia increased from 2.8 to 3 billion dollars "
However, there are other sources (2005), which commemorated Satarov this: "In 2001, the Fund Indem estimated market of Russian business corruption of 33.5 billion dollars"
Then, in the middle of the decade, by publications, corruption is something radically changed. From the fact that obviously reflected in the publications — changed those whose perception of corruption is offered to public opinion. The main source instead INDEM becomes "Transparency". (The site INDEM latest publication is dated 2006 — approx. WJ) That is, if before the judge on the subject suggested by the experts conclusions Satarova, now find out that (remember that reflect the performance of the organization) is our (citizens) the general perception of the situation. That is, If you have both, you retarded ignorant people.
How did it affect the figures? And that’s it.
"Compared with 2006, when corruption turnover amounted to about $ 250 billion to the current year, it increased by almost half." ("Deutsche Welle" — "Chaskor")
"According to the chairman of the National Anti-Corruption Committee Kirill Kabanov, in 2008 the volume of corruption in the Russian market was 350 billion dollars a year.
This amount exceeds the federal budget revenues, reaching 27% of GDP. " ("Deutsche Welle" — "Chaskor")
"The amount of corruption in the Russian market in 2009 was $ 300 billion, (…), estimated by experts of the international organization« Transparency International ». According to the level of perceived corruption with a rating of 2.2 Russia ranked only 146th in the world, dividing it from the Ukraine, Sierra Leone, Kenya, Ecuador and Cameroon. " («RB.ru»)
Given the sharp increase in numbers offered by the citizens as a reflection of their own personal opinion, one would expect further growth. But …
"The chairman of the National Anti-Corruption Committee Kirill Kabanov said that the volume of corruption in the Russian market is 300 billion dollars per year.» («Vesti.ru»)
Strangely, nothing changes … But in fact it is clear that even in the perception of "experts" (not to mention the citizens) entrenched thrown into the box number. What’s next?
"Counsel (Bulk — Ed.) Estimated extent of corruption in the 20% of GDP, or 300 billion U.S. dollars a year." («BFM.ru»)
Or, again: "(…) in the report of the anti-corruption public reception" Clean Hands ". (…) According to the organization, corruption turnover in Russia is about 50% of GDP, which almost corresponds to the World Bank — 48% of GDP.
This text is referenced by all and sundry, while the "Clean Hands" real link to the source is given, and the search for such information in the materials of the WB result (at least within a reasonable time) does not work.
So, what do we see? Within a decade, the figure of 3 billion suddenly been replaced by 300 billion and somewhere in 2008 "stabilized" — in the media and the public consciousness. And no one, like, no questions. Well that is the question, of course, were back in 2005 even Satarov with its "microscopic" growth. And it was proved that such an increase, given the economic realities of the Russian Federation, is impossible, and then increase by two orders at once and everyone is silent. Only repeat the mantra: Russia — this is Sierra Leone, 300 billion, 50% of GDP. In this case, no one explains to citizens. And in order to understand something, it is necessary to spend many hours in the search.
To begin with let’s deal with GDP. In Russia in 2010. He was 44491000000000. rubles.
50% of GDP is approximately 22,250 trillion.
$ 300 billion is at the rate of 28 rubles — 8.4 trillion. rub. A 20% — 8.9 trillion … (so that Navalny, as opposed to just a victim of propaganda, just did not want to substituted "elementary" — counted how many $ 300 billion may be from Russia’s GDP).
And now the mystery of growth "corruption perception index", it stops and about twenty, fifty, etc. percentage of GDP, which have some relation to the "corrupting the market."
To understand why all of a sudden inexplicable sharply increased by two orders of magnitude (is not in proportion to GDP), and then stopped, it is necessary to make some research.
Just the opinion of status of international experts to the legal limit of decent "volume corruption market" should not exceed 12% of the conditional. With everyone one else in decent international organizations cost (trying to manage) as pariahs, etc. So here it is, the solution — drawing (supposedly the words of the Russians themselves) is far passed for the limit level of 20% is possible and stop. Most do not.
And now the most important thing. The fact that the cited sources mentioned corruption market volume, the volume of corruption, etc. What’s this phrase mean?
Judging even confusing explanations of the World Bank, it turns out that was not a picture that is hungry for media embedded in the public consciousness. After all, citizens understand what they are told without alternative sources, as follows: every year in the country of give and take bribes in the amount of 300 billion dollars Meanwhile, it was more a question (if you do not go into details) about what proportion of the GDP is produced in this "shadow" — i.e. including using legal business is not quite legitimate economic schemes and so on. That is here to be counted and salary in an envelope, and the part of it which thanked the doctor, etc.
In closing, I would like to remind you that all this is a case study of "information" to
which we are treated (by the way, "Clean Hands" associated with reputable Duma parties) — about what you get in the brain of a person who is not looking for anything himself, and just listens to what his day-to-day inspire. So this is not a story about how the dirty tricks of the Russian Federation on the "international arenas."
And here we must note that distinguished experts, seemingly irreconcilable fighting corruption, do in fact the opposite. Imagine a person who is not engaged in shady and illegal businesses because this is not thriving. Or someone who has done something, and thinks whether to give myself a vow "never again!". Him to come to the aid of the media, Kabanov and "Transparency", which they say come on you, burdock — in Russia 50% of GDP so created, taking bribes 300 billion Look, be late!