Altay Optical and Laser Center (AOLTS) Zmeinogorsk located in the district of the Altai region on the border Prealtay Kolyvansky plain and mountain range. By the number of clear weather AOLTS is one of the best places in the territory of the Russian Federation with a number of clear night hours in a year — 1400, the number of clear nights in the year 160, and taking into account Partly cloudy nights, suitable for monitoring CO, the number of working nights about 240, with about equal distribution of winter and summer.
Altay Optical and Laser Center (AOLTS) consists of two ground-based optical and laser systems (NOLS) and infrastructure. First NOLC trajectory measurements with a telescope having a diameter of 0.6 m primary mirror and a laser range finder, working on spacecraft Lageos, GLONASS and others, equipped with laser retroreflectors, commissioned in 2004, along with infrastructure.
NOLS TIT used for photometric and trajectory control during launch and landing on orbit, including — to geostationary, new spacecraft, as well as to control the deployment and operation of the spacecraft into orbit.
- Telescope trajectory measurements of the first stage AOLTS
The second NOLS will have an optical telescope with a primary mirror diameter of 3.12 m — started in 2012. The system is used primarily for obtaining detailed images LEO satellites. AOLTS generally designed for a wide range of problems associated with the use and exploration of outer space, including those addressed by the Federal Space Agency in the framework of the Inter-Agency Coordinating Committee on Space Debris: detection and identification of the origin of space debris to warn of dangerous approaches of these fragments with existing devices, including the ISS.
- A general view of the first stage AOLTS
- A general view of the second stage (the project) AOLTS with 3.12 m telescope