Omsk. July 8. Interfax-Siberia — Omsk developed by scientists carry deck amphibious hovercraft "Arctic" staged by the army of the Russian Federation, said Friday the head of the Ministry of Industry of the Omsk region, Alexander Gorbunov told a news conference.
Earlier it was reported that in November 2010 the Omsk designers patented amphibious cargo platform on an air cushion "Arctic", which was included in the state register of inventions Russia. All-terrain vehicle "Arctic" — one of the priority projects of the Omsk component of inter-regional program "Siberian mechanical engineering." Unlike boats and hovercraft that can travel only over the water and briefly go on a gently sloping beach, "Arctic" could ever be used as over-water and over the virgin snow, hummocky ice, marsh, tundra throughout the year .
The main advantages of the "Arctic": 1) it is really all-terrain, and 2) all-weather and all-season, and 3) a large stock of progress and confirms its capacity, and 5) the safety of these machines provide constructive, 6) environmental ATVs confirmed by certificates of conformity 7) economical in operation Compared with air transport. This characteristic of "Arctic" is its main advantage over the domestic and global peers.
"Arctic" — snegobolotohodny and all-terrain vehicle floating on an air cushion, designed to travel both on land and on water.
In contrast to the hovercraft, which can only move through the water and briefly go to moor on a gently sloping beach, "Arctic" can ever be used as over-water rivers and lakes (regardless of their navigability) and on the virgin snow, hummocky ice, overgrown with reeds and marsh land.
Amphibious hovercraft rover "Arctic" do not need roads. Moreover, its cruising speed is 80 km / h, and over smooth surfaces, it reaches 140 km / h. He is able to turn on a dime, to overcome moats width of 1.5 meters, and on the river to make maneuvering on the water surface with the same efficiency as on land.
In 2008, in Omsk was a presentation of the two rovers on an air cushion new design.
The company of "TPC" SibVPKneftegaz "developed a project on the order of" TNK-BP "and produced the first batch of all-terrain hovercraft carrying capacity of 3000 kg with a hydraulic drive wheel landing gear aircraft type. Included in the shipment of cargo and passenger versions of the well-established in the northern latitudes of the third series of all-terrain vehicles — "Arctic 3D.K" and "Arctic 3D.KG." The novelty of these amphibians is to equip wheel drive all-terrain hovercraft that earlier in the design of these machines have never been used.
Hybrid wheel all-terrain vehicle and air bag turned out, as it is opened in "SibVPKneftegaz", traditionally successful design: the velocity on land and water up to 80 km / h;-negotiable angle of the propellers on: up to 20 degrees on the propellers using the wheel Propeller up to 30 degrees with a combined drive and use a winch to 40 ° Terrain Hovercraft "Arctic" is operated at temperatures from +40 to -50? C throughout the year, including periods of freeze-up and break-up, almost regardless of the weather and time of day. This is ensured by its design features and the presence of a standard machine of double glazing windows, built-in heating system, satellite navigation theft alarm, as well as equipping the machine with powerful searchlights.
At the request of the customer "Arctic" can additionally be staffed system of night vision, thermal imaging and radar. The car retains stable handling and maneuverability at a wind speed of 20 m / sec. Capacity of the main fuel tanks "Arctic" provides a power reserve of up to a distance of 1100 km, which is about 1/10 of the length of Russia from its western borders to the east. For this indicator, the Omsk rover hovercraft has no equal among domestic and foreign counterparts. Installation of additional tanks can increase the range of up to 1,500 km.
An example of the possibility of traveling long distances and reliability of amphibians is the delivery of "Arctic" under its own power in one of the customers Salehard the Irtysh and Ob at the distance of 3000 km. This will require only 2 refuel and 4 days on the way! The model number of "Arctic" includes both amphibious ATVs hovercraft (GDP) and the amphibious cargo platform on an air cushion (PATS). Amphibious all-terrain vehicle, depending on the version, can carry 8 to 50 and from 1 to 5 tons of cargo.
Loading platform, too, depending on the model, can carry up to 30 people, and from 15 to 120 tons of cargo. Large capacity all-terrain vehicles and platforms supplemented by another denomination. The design of GDP and AGP allows them entrance directly to the places of loading and unloading, eliminating the need for such use of other modes of transport. In off-road conditions is very convenient. And in terms of financial costs, even if in some place and be able to land the helicopter, the use of GDP and AGW is many times more cost-effective. Ensuring the sustainability of all-terrain hovercraft is one of the basic conditions for its reliable, safe operation. Omsk designers equipped the "Arctic" systems transverse and longitudinal stability and a device to allow, if necessary, contact with the ground. It promotes effective braking, allows the passage of sharp turns, retain the machine on slopes and hillsides, turning on the spot and maneuvering in a wooded area. At the same time, the management of cross-country vehicle, basically, similar to driving a car and does not require extensive training of the crew.
No such systems on these machines, so during the development of all-terrain vehicle Omsk designers have received a number of patents. Buoyancy and all-terrain vehicles unsinkable "Arctic" is provided by sealed compartments in the hull and buoyancy blocks filled with non-flammable material displacement. Under the rules of the Russian River Register "Arctic" can move, depending on the model, the water from a height of up to 1.2 m 1% of security and even up to 2.0 meters of 3% probability! Buoyancy of GDP is at 200% (!), That is, in any emergency terrain is virtually unsinkable, and the height surmounted the ice bar for different models can be up to 0.6 meters.
Load-bearing elements of the case, buoyancy blocks, fences and air rudders are made of high-strength aluminum and titanium alloys. Flexible protection — from frost and high wear-resistant rubberized fabric. Beauty and securely insulated cabin GDP, which creates favorable conditions for an extended stay in it, if necessary, the crew and passengers at low temperatures. Cabin heating is on the move from the engines, and the parking lot — from stand-alone heaters. Included with the GDP "Arctic 3D" comes an autonomous portable power 1.8 k / W (220). In addition, the cross has duplicated control system, complete with composting toilets, rescue equipment, as well as communication and navigation.
"Arctic" complies with all relevant environmental regulations. It is fitted, depending on the modification of one or two diesel engines KAMAZ 740.35-400 400 hp to meet the standard of "Euro-2". By order of Omsk designers, in the scientific and technical center "KAMAZ-Diesel" was developed and put into production a new generation diesel engine — KamAZ 740.352-500. This power unit for an upgraded GDP "Arctic" distinguish high performance to 500 hp power while reducing fuel consumption. (!) Known eternal trouble using tracked and wheeled vehicles on the tundra — to restore its natural cover (moss lichen), after a decade of technology required. If the tundra terrain vehicle passes amphibious hovercraft "Arctic", the cover of the tundra is not violated. This occurs because the force of pressure of air flow on 1 m2 of the soil does not exceed 120 kg. On this and many other benefits of GDP, we can confidently state that developed and manufactured by JSC "TPC" SibVPKneftegaz "amphibious ATVs such as" Arctic "- it is really a unique type of amphibious off-road vehicle is indispensable in the harshest conditions.