In late 1994, the Instrument Design Bureau for the first time presented a new model of the unique anti-aircraft missiles, artillery complex "Armour-C1." Just a year after the demonstration of the future layout of weapons in August 1995, its working model was presented at the air show, which is held annually in the town of Zhukovsky. According to experts, it was a breakthrough in the creation of weapons for the defense of ground troops.
Unlike other ZSU who are armed Russian army, this complex is assembled on the basis of car chassis 8×8, which provides high throughput. The basis was chosen "Ural-5323.4" with the engine installed KamAZ-7406 power which was revised 260 hp The main objective pursued by the designers when choosing a car chassis, it is a significant depreciation of the complex, whose task is to cover the rear columns of armored vehicles and objects in the march.
The main feature of the complex is that it is a matter of seconds can detect and destroy any aircraft, helicopters, smart bombs or ballistic missiles. Just set "Armour-C1" and is designed to destroy ground targets, which makes it a truly versatile. The complex combines anti-aircraft missile and gun weapon analogues such combination in today’s day does not exist in the world. The author of the unique weapons is a Russian designer, Academician Arkady Shipunov.
"Armour-C1 ‘, the weapon of the future, and its main purpose the protection of military and civilian targets from the air at short positions. The main difference between the complex "Armour-C1" from foreign models, is the ability to conduct aimed rocket fire at high speed movement of the launcher. With this capability, when accompanied by a convoy of armored vehicles is not necessary to stop the movement, to repel enemy air attack, all produced in the dynamics.
The complex "Armour-C1" is equipped with 12 new missiles 57E6, appearance and layout similar to missiles 9M311 ZRPK "Tunguska". The outer shell rocket bikalibernaya, the engine is located in the second separating stage, providing greater speed. The missile has a low flight time at the launch site. The impact zone of destruction in range of 12 kilometers in height — 8 miles. Weight of the main warhead, which consists of a core of submunitions, is 20 kg. In the rocket used air-dynamic steering. Given the complex combat situation can simultaneously direct to 3 missiles. Artillery weapons "Armour-C1" consists of two 30-mm automatic cannon 2A72. Selected single-barreled gun. The warheads used two types of armor-piercing and high-explosive incendiary, feeding selectively produced from two cartridge belts.
Basic combat unit, located on the roof of the carrier body chassis includes: two guns, located inside the missile launch canisters SAM, 2 blocks of 6 anti-aircraft missiles, radar surveillance and target acquisition and missile guidance systems. There is a built-in optical channel is included in the fire control system. The workspace body combat vehicles are the jobs of the crew commander and operator guidance.
According to the developers, the combat system "Armour-C1" has a unique ability to fire from almost all kinds of weapons available in the dynamics of movement. The complex is able to keep hitting the fire on a fairly wide nomenclature purposes — helicopters and planes to use their own onboard weapons, guided missiles, as well as lightly armored ground targets and manpower of the enemy. Management of complex combat system has a high level of resistance to various types of interference by combining the electro-optical and radar into a single system, which operates in the infrared, dm, cm and mm-wave bands. In the radar can be simultaneously on a single goal salvo of two missiles. The tracking system can automatically follow and monitor up to 20 targets and provide guidance to the target accuracy of 0.4 degrees in azimuth, 0.7 degrees in elevation and distance — 50 meters. The system fully automatically calculates the parameters of the target and its movement, as well as provides a choice of weapons and determines what type of fire.
One of the innovations could be called the work you have done Tula craftsmen to automate complex "Armour-C1." All the complexes are in constant interaction with each other and if several complexes constitute the battery, one of them is automatically command station. Computer Command machine makes all the decisions and passes instructions to others. Above all, it is necessary for tracking and disposal purposes. Command Center distributes goals between complexes or if the goal is the same shall order the destruction of that complex, which is located in a favorable position at the time of attack.
The complex "Armour-C1 ‘many call the constructor and in this they are right. All its parts are collected separately and are easily replaced. In military operations such flexibility is a must. If, for example, in radar had a splinter does not need to wait for a team of repairmen and dismantle the whole car, it is enough to dismantle the damaged unit and install a new one. Thus, the anti-missile system in a short time again to be ready for a combat mission.
Modular design is useful for modification. Enough to replace a specific block of more enhanced or upgraded without the need to pass on the full range of the entire repair shop, all made in the field and in a short time.
Today the complex "Armour-C1 ‘is armed with not only Russia, but also in many countries of the Middle East, and it may be noted that the demand for the weapon of the future is not reduced.