As he was fighting, soldiers democracy?

Methods of destruction of entire peoples in the XVII — XIX centuries. the open spaces of North America have found an enthusiastic admirer and imitator in Europe XX century. in the person of Adolf Hitler. John Toland, the author considered the best in the U.S. biography of Hitler, recalled in his book about the second half of the 70s. "Hitler pointed out that the idea of concentration camps, and the practicality of genocide to a great extent the result of his study of the history of England and the United States . He admired the way the camp was arranged for Boer prisoners in South Africa and the Indians (American) far West. In the circle of his closest Hitler often praised the effectiveness of U.S. instruments of physical extermination of the Redskins — starvation, or the imposition of unequal combat forces. "

Endless "Indian Wars," as they entered the American history (among them until the middle of the XIX century. Paid the 8 most major), interspersed with periods of peace, "the execution of contracts. The Americans have signed them, and solemnly, hundreds of times. First, the colonial authorities, and from 1776 — with the formation of America, the U.S. government is "guaranteed" Indian tribes of their land. But the reason for the war and was the capture of most of these lands! Contracts treacherously violated. From the east, from the Old World, there were more new immigrant conquerors.

Strength and technique were unequal. Never invasion of white Indian tribes could not oppose a united front. Another tribe shall enter on the war path only when the expansion of white overwhelmed the land. Indians burned at the stake, with their scalp, brutally tortured, making no distinction between warriors and women with children. Sometimes the American generals were injected into battle large units. At times, U.S. troops still turned into a stampede. But the end result remains the same.

Indian civilization has ruthlessly destroyed. In the 30-ies. XIX century. came the turn of the Cherokee Nation in Georgia. Cherokee, engaged in agriculture, created a distinct culture, had schools, churches, publishes a newspaper that has its own police. Against 15 thousand Cherokee made the 7000th Corps General William Scott and drove them beyond the Mississippi. Expelled and thousands of Indians from other tribes. The witness was happening Russian envoy to the U.S. said: "The Indians, more cultured, more honest, who spoke better English than their oppressors, are forced to go into the wilderness beyond the Mississippi."

Thirties, the decade of "expulsion" of Indian tribes, shame forever tarnished the U.S. Army. Were sometimes these good souls as Captain John Page, a young officer who escorted Indians cry with a detachment of soldiers. Accidents were driving in the winter, Paige ordered campfires on parking. The captain left the memories, talking about his sympathy for the Indians. And the result? Of the 630 Indians only 469 survived, others died on the way.

Among the expelled Indians, especially the Cherokee were a lot of Christians. When soldiers surrounded their villages and demanded immediate removal, they are often rushed to the altars of the primitive churches. Preachers Cherokee offered up prayers to God hot, and the soldiers who came with them and rabble already shared property of Indians. Right out of the church, driven by bayonets and rifle butts, disadvantaged went on a long journey, leaving the entire property. On this "Trail of Tears" under escort of the American soldiery 4 thousand Cherokee died. By the 40 th years. XIX century. almost all the Indians were driven by force of arms beyond the Mississippi.

Today, in 1981, an American professor P. Smith allowed himself in the "Nation of man" to embark on the reasoning that the massacre of the Indians, one hundred and fifty years ago, "undoubtedly the most tragic episode in our history, with the exception of the Civil War. The question is, who is to blame, .. Who robbed the Indians of their land? Robbed from the rich planters, greedy politicians to the most humble members of the "system of free enterprise." Americans have always shown their criminal tendencies, as soon as it came to dressing. " Professor, I suppose, is well aware of his countrymen … But he immediately rebuffs those who try to make a logical conclusion: the genocide and the U.S. Army are inseparable.

"Some modern historians — blandly writes P. Smith — likened to the expulsion of the Indians Nazi Holokastu against the Jews. The analogy is superficial, misleading. The official policy of the government was the opposite of Nazi policy toward the Jews. Its purpose was not extermination of the Indians, and in saving them from destruction. There is no doubt that a lot of Americans were in favor of extermination. I remember that in Mastervile, Ohio, for its glorious abolitionist sentiments in a literary discussion club discussed the question of whether to destroy the uncivilized Indians? If this issue could be discussed in a liberal city in the 80-ies. XIX c., It certainly could have been done in Georgia in the thirties and, of course, would have been made if the Indians are not "withdraw" the American army. "

Well, you know!

During the Civil War, opened hostilities against the Indian tribes, which continued without interruption for nearly 30 years. Now the challenge was to ensure that it takes to get on the reservation the remaining Indian tribes (about 200 thousand), who lived on the great plains. History repeated itself in parts Indians beat the 25000th U.S. Army. An eyewitness told how, having lulled the vigilance of the peace talks, U.S. soldiers massacred a tribe: "They scalped, brains beat out, women stabbed with knives, kids killing rifle butts to the head, terribly mutilated bodies of the victims."

In 1868, General Grant, as sarcastically R. Leckie, "the fifth war hero, who" peace-loving "people elected president." General Sherman in 1868, it was explained: "The more we slay this year, the less will have to kill the next year, because the more I see of these Indians, the more convinced — you need to kill them all." Recent winners of the Confederate Army, U.S. generals are literally competing with each other, giving the most brutal orders. General Sheridan inspired his men: "I am asking you to be bold, adventurous, always energetic, and let you start to the campaign will be a campaign of extermination, destruction and utter destruction."

In an effort to starve the Indians hunger, American troops took part in the wholesale destruction of innumerable herds of buffalo. Villages were burned Indians mostly in winter, the survivors of the massacre and fled perished from cold and hunger. Chiefs are usually killed. The survivors were herded into reservations.

The last fight. In the mid-80s. Apaches revolted in the south-east. They pitched the prisoners detained in prison (including several hundred women and children) and held in jail until 1914, ie 28 years. In the late 80's. from the reservation in the Dakotas broke part of the Sioux. In 1890, they caught up, surrounded and killed with machine guns. More than three hundred men, women and children.

Machine gun fire at the end of the XIX century. end the war the U.S. Army on American soil, begun nearly three centuries ago flintlock musket volleys. From now on, the armed forces of the United States are fighting just outside its borders. But, no matter how varied the tactics perfected no weapons, the U.S. military, filled with the spirit of racism, never departed from the skills acquired in the war of extermination against the Indians. And it should not be surprising — the armed forces mirror accurately reflect the mass psychology of the society that created them.

In the First World War, Europe saw the two millionth American army from employment to help the Allies. They took part in the fighting in the final stages of the war. Germany for the war on the Western Front has lost about 5 million people, of which 25 million were in the front areas occupied by U.S. troops. U.S. Army Special laurels is not earned, but chauvinistic propaganda immensely inflated military foray into the Old World. In 1918, the U.S. General F. Greene predicted: "The future president of the United States is now commanding the brigade and regiment in France." He made a mistake in the rank and position — Captain Truman commanded a battery. American soldiery at every turn showed their superiority and contempt for Europe. In France, at least, the name of any object preceded by the soldiers overseas epithet "frog", "frog car", etc. However, the disgust was mutual.

The American army showed its face during an armed intervention against our country. In June 1918, U.S. Marines landed in Murmansk, in September, it was followed by the army forces that occupied the Archangel. A total of 5 million people. Attempts to push the invaders failed, in January 1919, the Red Army defeated a detachment Shenkursk three thousand Americans and Whites. The U.S. troops were then withdrawn to the rear and used mainly for the protection of the concentration camps and punitive actions against the guerrillas. During this time, a prison in Arkhangelsk passed 38 thousand prisoners, eight thousand of them were killed, thousands more died of starvation and abuse.

However, resistance to the invaders hit the hunting of many soldiers to continue fighting, some parts have refused to act on the front. In June — July 1919, the American invaders cleared from the Soviet North. In the book "Archangel. America's war with Russia "under the pseudonym of an American journalist chronicler wrote:" The head of the Dvina squad Finleson British general told us, "There should be no hesitation in our quest to erase the stigma of Russian Bolshevism." Was it our goal in those ominous winter nights, when we shot the Russian peasants and burned Russian home? The only brand that existed in reality, it was the stigma that we are leaving, they left behind. " In New York, attended to build the Arc de Triomphe in honor of the American army, who was returning to his homeland. Among the places where U.S. forces have gained de victory, was listed Murmansk!

In the summer of 1918, American interventionist corps under the command of General W. Grevsa came to the Far East. U.S. forces propped Kolchak army from the rear, protecting more than 4 thousand kilometers of Siberian Railway. They are "distinguished" in punitive expeditions against the local population. Only in the Amur Region American troops burned 25 villages. Near the station Sviyagino American soldiery, grabbing partisan AN Myasnikov, chop it into pieces. The authors of the collective work "anti-Soviet intervention and its collapse. 1917-1922 ", released in 1987 Politizdat, rightly stressed:" American invaders did not burn in the furnaces of locomotive communists, like the Japanese, but they butchered disarmed the Red Army and the guerrillas, humiliated, robbed, beaten civilians. "

General Grevs, returning to his memoirs to the 1918-1920 years., Recalled the orders established by the interventionists in Siberia: "Atrocities were such that they are sure to be remembered and retold among the Russian people, 50 years after their accomplishments." General made a mistake in one — on such crimes, there can be a statute of limitations, but he is absolutely right, concluding: The United States has "earned the hatred of more than 90% of the population of Siberia" …

Guerrilla strikes, the universal hatred of the population did their job — in April 1920, the American invaders cleared from the Soviet Far East. The record of the U.S. armed forces them to stay in our country and all that it was accompanied, not only forgotten, but glosses over the history of the American side. When was the height of World War II for the American military magazine "Yank" E. Holliday took to write about how the United States fought against the "Bolshevik" in 1918-1919., He found: in the "Encyclopedia Britannica" this says almost nothing, and in the "Encyclopedia of Colombia" categorically stated: "The U.S. military did not participate in the fighting between the Allies and the Bolsheviks."

Far but sonorous echo of noble sentiments of American workers in soldiers' uniforms against the socialist countries — strong anti-fascist sentiment in the U.S. military during World War II. U.S. soldier knew he protects — the civilization against barbarism. Effect of participation of millions of people in the anti-fascist war to post-war world were clear. The powers that be in the United States have done to desecrate pure motives who fought for democracy by encouraging the basest instincts of members of unprecedented warfare. Deliberately flouted the laws and customs of war.

As acted from top to bottom this complex mechanism can be seen in the following example. In July — August 1943, entrusted to General George Patton troops conducted operations on the island of Sicily. Far from progressive British historian D. Irving's book, "The war between the generals" (1981) tells the story: "Murder, expressed by (the troops) in Sicily, were by no means isolated cases of atrocities. Journalist Alexander Clifford witnessed how the American soldiers of the 45th Division of the machine gun shot a truckload of German prisoners when they were jumping off the ground at the airport of Comiso, killing all but two or three people. Just in front of him were killed 60 Italian prisoners of war. American war correspondent Lee Clark told about other murders in the same division July 14 at Gela Sergeant Barry Vesta company of "C" was ordered to escort prisoners to the rear 36. Dusk, and he chose to shoot them all from a vending machine on the road.

The same day, a young U.S. Army Captain Jerry Compton ordered to be constructed in the barn caught forty three snipers and shoot them from a machine gun. General Bradley, who commanded the corps at Patton, immediately recognized the terrible crime of the captain and hastened to report to the Patton. The prisoners were executed "in cold blood and, even more than the offense lined up in a row," — ironically quoting Patton, Bradley's words in his diary. Patton suggested that the incident is exaggerated, but in any case it was necessary to avoid a scandal in the press. "Tell the officer — he said Bradley — let certifies that the shot fired from behind a corner or trying to escape or something."

Although the perpetrators have referred to the statement of General Patton before landing in Sicily — "take no prisoners", the case was hushed up. Only Eisenhower gently chided Patton: "George, you're talking too much." In [35] a 1943 Eisenhower complained in a report to the Chief of Staff of the U.S. Army General George Marshall: officers are faced with the problem, which is not heard during his studies at West Point — a lot of prisoners. "To this, — concludes D. Irving, — he added:" It's bad, we could not kill more. " In the seventies, when they saw the light collectors' Documents Eisenhower, "the atmosphere changed (Germany and Italy — NATO members! — NY) and irrelevant remark was struck by the insistence of the Ministry of War."

General Patton during the campaign in Sicily showed striking techniques raise the morale of U.S. troops. August 3, he attended the 15th hospital, where he found a soldier in severe mental depression. Not noticing his apparent wounds, Patton whipped his gloves on the cheeks and threw a kick out of the tent. After a week in the 93 th General Hospital saw a shell-shocked. Patton again let his hands, showered the soldier (who turned veteran), obscenity, and threatened to shoot him, clutching his gun, and the noise attracted the staff and wounded announced, "shell shock from the shells does not exist! This is a Jewish invention! "

Adventures of a general hospital became public in troops, 20 military correspondents asked for advice to Eisenhower. He said: "The announcement of this would be valuable to the enemy propaganda and put in a difficult position command of the American army." The incident became known in the United States until the end of the year, and not from war correspondents.

In the war against Japan in the Pacific was dominated arrogant caricature image of the enemy, the Japanese. For the Japanese did not admit ability to think rationally, and, referring to the tradition of Japanese women wear kids behind, the American experts thoughtfully argued: lost in infancy ability to maintain balance, the men of the Empire of the Rising Sun will never be able to pilot aircraft.

American journalist F. Knightley said in 1975 in his book "First Victim": "U.S. submarines sank indiscriminately all met Japanese ships, regardless of whether they are civilians carried passengers or military supplies. Even the sinking of a ship, which, as it turned out, was transporting American prisoners of war did not make any changes to this policy. In the official communiqué claimed that U.S. bombers hit only military targets in Tokyo, and — "with great precision." In fact, incendiary bombs were dropped at random, and resulted in more casualties than the atomic bombing of Hiroshima. It killed at least 250 thousand people, 8 million were left homeless. Only during a raid on March 10 killed 140 thousand people. "

In the European theater of war bombing "the squares" heralded the approach of American troops. They made a lasting impression on the French released immediately after the opening of a second front — D-Day June 6, 1944 Three days later Eisenhower presented for approval to the sentence the court-martial in respect of two American soldiers engaged in looting and raping women. "For many American soldiers — says D. Irving — all of them — the French, the Germans or Italians — were foreigners. For the French in Normandy remaining to welcome their liberators, it's time ordeal. They are closely acquainted with the Vandals, loot, rape, kill them … In Cherbourg, the first release of a large city, there have been excesses — Bored American soldiers without delay used firearms against the French. "Tragically, the — report to the management of the Norman base — from the American point of view, it makes an unfavorable impression on the civilian population." At the beginning of August 1944 in the case were introduced battalions of military police and the situation was partly discharged, only taking away all the weapons at U.S. troops and ordered them to visit bars. "

Supreme Commander of the armies of the Western Allies, General Dwight D. Eisenhower spent many hours with the Chief Justice of the U.S. forces in Europe, Brigadier-General E. Betts, discussing measures to maintain discipline in the army. Not from abstract motives of humanity, and in a very earthly reason: lack of discipline in those conditions in the U.S. Army undermining its combat capability in the face of Hitler's Wehrmacht. Close to Eisenhower K. Sammersbi recorded in his diary November 5, 1944, "Betts reports about very poor discipline in the army. There have been complaints from the French, Dutch and other numerous cases of rape, murder and looting … Eisenhower discusses in detail with the Chief of Staff of Bedell (Smith) discipline in the army. Things are bad, report on countless violations. We'll have to take drastic measures. Eisenhower proposes to hang in public, especially those responsible for rape. "

It will be recalled that the 82nd and 101st airborne divisions were considered the best compounds of the U.S. armed forces. As soon as Eisenhower thought it possible to publicly hang the soldiers of the 82nd and 101st divisions, one can easily imagine how the problem seemed burning. Since landing in Normandy to the end of the war 454 U.S. soldiers convicted of murder and rape, and 70 of them were executed. This is evidence of the horrors experienced population in the liberated countries of Western Europe with the arrival of the U.S. Army.

Robberies in the U.S. Army purchased a shameful and character. On highways across France American drivers, as they said then, "milked" their own trucks, transported disappeared without a trace. Only one raid in Paris at the end of September 1944 led to the arrest of 168 U.S. soldiers to wield the black market. When Eisenhower once again reported that "a wave of American Crime overwhelmed France," he complained to General Smith that he himself had stolen more than one hundred dollars of liquor from the forward command post.

Such an army, of course, had little understanding of military honor. The prisoners were still killed. General Patton wrote in his diary: "There is still unpleasant incidents occur, the prisoners shot (hoping that we will be able to hide it)." Apparently, adopted strict measures of secrecy in this regard, but, of course, far, out of all the military censors succeeded. How exactly F. Knightley wrote about the last German offensive on the Western Front in December 1944 in the Ardennes:

"The story of the Ardennes remain incomplete without mention of panic and confusion caused by the German onslaught, and how scared in front of him. U.S. Major General, is never in combat, had to withdraw from the commander of a division, and he soon died of a heart attack. The colonel who commanded a tank mix with the beginning of the German offensive handed the case to his deputy, and the last time he was seen hurrying to the rear at a loss for "ammunition." Attempts to raise the morale ended in failure. " About 19 thousand American soldiers threw their part without permission, huddled in gangs, stealing fuel, hijacking trucks and trainloads of the way to the front, skolachivaya state on the black market. "The situation is reminiscent of Chicago in the days of Al Capone," — said the head of the military police. " The all-powerful gang of gangsters in Chicago under the leadership of Al Capone entered the history of the U.S. textbook example of lawlessness and corruption …

Since U.S. forces entered the post-war world. The history of U.S. involvement in the occupation of the territory of defeated enemies, the former fascist powers "Axis" — Germany, Italy and Japan, not to mention the presence on the territory of countries allied with the United States, full of countless cases of atrocities and crimes of the U.S. military. The peoples of the world for more than a decade after the war seen enough by those who are in military uniform, carrying the gospel of "democracy" is far beyond America. And the people of Vietnam are not only seen enough, but the Crusaders had suffered from "democracy". Figuratively speaking, the South-East Asia in the 60's and 70's. was the ground on which the eyes of the world were tested perehvalennye "value" of the trans-Atlantic civilization.

Nikolai Nikolaevich Yakovlev
From the book: War and Peace in the American Traditions of militarism in the United States. 1989

Read also applied worldwide strategy of total destruction and terror, the U.S. military has worked on his own population

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