Brazilian coral reefs to extinction Facts
Over the past 50 years, coral reefs, stretching for 3,000 km on the northeast coast of Brazil, lost 80% of their biomass. This rapid disappearance of an important component of the marine ecosystem can be considered a real natural disaster for the Atlantic Ocean.
Earlier on the reefs, located in the Atlantic at the Brazilian cities Fortaleza, Recife and Natal, home to about 18 species of corals, algae and various types of fish. Now, according to the Ministry of Environment of the country and the Federal University of Pernambuco, decreased not only the area of reefs and their biodiversity. These two divisions of a detailed study of the state of the reef from 2002 to 2011.
The main factors involved in the destruction of coral ecosystems are domestic, industrial and agricultural pollution, falling into the sea with river water. A significant role in the destruction of reefs have played massive uncontrolled fishing of marine fish and shellfish, as well as increasing ocean temperatures and heavy portable atmospheric phenomena such as El Niño, caused by global warming.