Browse. Agribusiness in Russia number 5: Cereal port Olya, Belarusian dumping Superteplitsy

Today in the "Agribusiness": "Russia opens new grain on the Caspian Sea port." "Vegetables with 2 floors: in Bashkiria built superteplitsu." "The agreement is a bargain: how to reduce the Belarusian dumping in the dairy market."

The main theme. New Russian grain port.

One — Start!

After clicking this button, Russia increased export capacity of 0.5 million tons of grain a year. That’s how much will waddle across the grain terminal port "Olga", open this week in Astrakhan region.

Igor Levitin, Transport Minister"Port" Olga "- it is a strategic port on the Caspian Sea. For the Russian Federation — is the main transit point corridor "North — South". "

Through the new grain terminal wheat, rye, barley go to Iran and further transit to the Persian Gulf, up to Africa. It was built in the port of Olya, two years. And the work does not stop even when it was announced an embargo on grain exports. Investors have invested 647 million rubles. Creation of infrastructure undertaken by the state …

Alexander Jilkin, Governor Astrahnskoy area"They believed that, yes, we need infrastructure, and it will go for the cargo. Today, it is a point, a strategic point for the development and interests of the country and of the region as well."

Steamers are driven abroad grain agricultural producers Southern Federal District. Half a million tons a year for them decent volume, but it is not the limit. Now 8 towers built to store grain, and its further shipment. In April, construction will begin the second phase of the terminal. As a result, increase its power up to 1 million tons. Needless granary designed for 27,000 tons of loading capacity of 350 tons per hour.

Abdulvasi Murtazaliyev, CEO of the grain terminal"With this performance, well, in 10 hours, we can ship this class of ships with capacity of 3,000 tons."

Such ships at least 20 a month plan here to send across the Caspian Sea. This enables reducing the load on The Port — The main staging post of the Russian grain exports.

Situation. How to reduce the Belarusian dumping in the dairy market.

Demonstrating the product of his Combine, Production Director Alexey Babenko says, not without pride, to get 1 kg of butter, they remove the foam, ie cream — with 25 liters of milk.

Alexey Babenko, deputy director molkombinata"What is called the butter, but not all the oil is called, must be made from natural milk. Roughly speaking, this oil, it has to go nose on a field, eating grass, then after milking and be processed at the plant in the oil."

However, to sell their natures. Product Russian processors today is not easy. The domestic dairy market pushes manufacturers cheap products using palm and coconut oil. Plus the problem that is now coming to the fore: the dumping of Belarusian producers.

Andrei Danilenko, Chairman of the Board National Union of Milk"Traders, speculators create artificial panic in the market and make especially our Belarusian colleagues in panic selling products below the cost of his own."

Cost of Altai oil, for example, costs about 180-200 rubles, and neighbors Belarusians kilogram of cream ready to deliver on 100-105 rubles. Among other things, this is the result of the devaluation of the Belarusian ruble, which occurred in 2011.

Denis Zuzin, representative dairy enterprise"Belarusians today, so have a surplus of the product. Lots of dried milk, dry, because the milk they are cheaper. By-product of milk powder — this is butter, dumping is hard, and so have many companies in Russia have deposits of this product . "

In order to protect domestic producers from ruin to April 1, 2012 delivery of whole-fat milk from Belarus will be kept to a minimum, and imports of milk powder and whey — completely stopped for the duration of the so-called season of big milk, that is until September or October this year. Such an agreement was signed between the Ministry of Agriculture of Russia and Belarus. If these measures are not sufficient in dairy union did not rule out the possibility of limiting the supply of cheese from Belarus. Today neighbors occupy a quarter of the domestic cheese market. However, the ban will work or not, another question, because the borders between Russia and Belarus is not.

Agrofakty.

1)March 19 at meetings of the Prime Minister Vladimir Putin First Deputy Prime Minister Viktor Zubkov confirmed the government’s refusal to restrict grain exports idea in 2012. Moreover, he offered to sell in the domestic market of 2.5 million tonnes from government stocks to stabilize prices more quickly in Russia.

Vladimir Putin, the prime minister: "Right now, Russia has returned to one of the largest exporters of grain. Sure we occupy 3rd place after the United States and Canada. Already 22, I think, have exported millions."

Viktor Zubkov, First Deputy Prime Minister of Russia"We believe that on July 1 of this year we will have 15 million tons of grain in the country, which will enable us to provide all domestic needs, and therefore the situation on the market is stable. Prices are acceptable to farmers and consumers: where- then from 5.5 to 6.5 rubles per 1 ton. That is such reasonable prices. We have all the opportunities this year not to conduct any further restrictions on the export of grain, which, as we planned, we reported to you earlier, may reach 27 million tons. "

2) The ban on imports of live pigs and cattle, sheep and cattle from the EU, which came into effect this week, will have a serious impact on the Russian market. No shortage of meat, no price increase should not be, experts believe.

Sergei Yushin, head of the executive committee of the National Meat Association: "The total amount of inventory in the last year of pigs for slaughter in terms of carcass weight was about 40,000 tons. What is 40 thousand tons of ½ is approximately, well, a little over 1.5% of Russia’s annual production, therefore, in general, , it is immaterial for the Russian market will be the impact such a ban. "

European livestock has not expressed a common opinion about the restrictions. So in Germany do not expect a serious impact on local livestock. Ever since the fall of last year, customs duties in Russia have increased so much that sell live pigs became unprofitable. At the same time, Estonia sells in Russia for more than half of its population live pigs, so the embargo could be a serious blow to her. Moreover, the ban does not apply to imports of breeding animals, which Russia buys to improve their herds. According Rosselkhoznadzor, loss of the pig industry from spreading ASF for the year 2011 amounted to 8,000,000,000 rubles. This includes direct losses from the death of 200,000 hogs are estimated at 700 million rubles, which is the same data reflect the total absence of positive dynamics in terms of fighting the disease. Moreover, the virus is marked by a unique record of the north. ASF outbreak recor
ded in Karelia
.

Technology. In Bashkortostan, built a super greenhouse.

Every morning Managing greenhouse Department Ulfat Mukhanaw gets in his green kingdom. These cucumbers like a summer vegetable beds and beg in the mouth, and on the line of the usual salad revival. That green that reached from their pots two inches long, is automatically moved to the next table.

Ulfat Mukhanaw controlling greenhouse department: "As a man, it is grown, cherish, like a child. At home too, of course, the kids are waiting for, but still. Both the house and the children at home, and the children here. As they say, it is still interesting."

A recently Bashkir State Farm "Alekseysky" work has become even more interesting. Harvest of tomatoes growers are waiting with bated breath. After all, they will be grown in the highest greenhouse Russia. New Dutch design only came here this winter. Its height of 8 meters.

Olga Moscow, the chief agronomist hothouse: "The very height, the sheer volume — it gives an additional means, microclimate ideal conditions for tomatoes. Tomatoes do not tolerate overheating."

The greenhouse cost the state farm 711 million rubles. Recoup its plan in 4.5 years. Specialists say, the height of a direct impact on productivity. Here, expect to get to 60 kilograms per square meter per year. It is against the usual 50 in the current 5 meter. New greenhouses are designed to minimize power consumption, which today account for over 40% of the cost of domestic vegetables. Climate control is automatic. If the sun is too bright, it will happen with the right side of the vertical or horizontal shading. Like now: the computer itself gives the command to raise the sails, and the polymer screen is delayed. Alone, this system allows saving on electricity and heat from 20 to 60%. Without leaving your computer, the engineer receives information from each sensor.

Azat Minegulov, chief engineer: "There is also the data from the weather station, it is in our direction, wind speed, ambient air temperature and the presence of rainfall."

For pollination farm grows its own bumblebees, and not buying them from foreign firms, as before.

Olga Moscow, the chief agronomist hothouse: "Why do not grow themselves, as if not to lose and money to keep them on the farm, and have better grow insects that will help us."

Enterprising alekseeytsev a couple of years ago led them to what they found in his own household gas turbine power plant. Filling this unique setting — the engine of the aircraft Su-25, the so-called "Rook", but translated into a more economical fuel — natural gas. However, to supply electricity directly to the greenhouse farm does not qualify. By law, you first need to sell it to a network, and then by the same, but the market price to buy it.

Gennady Godovanyuk, head of gas turbine: "But the difference is in the price and sold, and the resulting energy is precisely the economic efficiency. Well, the year is of the order of 26 million savings in electricity."

In the turbine exhaust gases do not fly directly into the atmosphere, while simultaneously heat the water in the recovery boiler, and hot water in the heating system goes to heating the greenhouse blocks. Together with the new high-rise in greenhouse-Alexeyevskoye almost 40 hectares of crops are grown in greenhouses.

Postscript.

In Russia today, about 1,800 hectares of greenhouses, for comparison, in a smaller and warmer Turkey of 44,000. About the same in Japan, 20 in Italy, 10 in the Netherlands, 8.5 in France, in Poland, 6,000 hectares. In addition, many of the Russian greenhouses built in the 70s and 80s of the last century, and experts predict over the next 5-7 years is inevitable massive output of greenhouse operation.

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