Today in the "Agribusiness": "Russia opens new grain on the Caspian Sea port." "Vegetables with 2 floors: in Bashkiria built superteplitsu." "The agreement is a bargain: how to reduce the Belarusian dumping in the dairy market."
The main theme. New Russian grain port.
One — Start!
After clicking this button, Russia increased export capacity of 0.5 million tons of grain a year. That’s how much will waddle across the grain terminal
Through the new grain terminal wheat, rye, barley go to Iran and further transit to the Persian Gulf, up to Africa. It was built in the port of Olya, two years. And the work does not stop even when it was announced an embargo on grain exports. Investors have invested 647 million rubles. Creation of infrastructure undertaken by the state …
Steamers are driven abroad grain agricultural producers
Abdulvasi Murtazaliyev, CEO of the grain terminal"With this performance, well, in 10 hours, we can ship this class of ships with capacity of 3,000 tons."
Such ships at least 20 a month plan here to send across the Caspian Sea. This enables reducing the load on
Situation. How to reduce the Belarusian dumping in the dairy market.
Demonstrating the product of his
However, to sell their natures. Product Russian processors today is not easy. The domestic dairy market pushes manufacturers cheap products using palm and coconut oil. Plus the problem that is now coming to the fore: the dumping of Belarusian producers.
Cost of Altai oil, for example, costs about 180-200 rubles, and neighbors Belarusians kilogram of cream ready to deliver on 100-105 rubles. Among other things, this is the result of the devaluation of the Belarusian ruble, which occurred in 2011.
In order to protect domestic producers from ruin to April 1, 2012
Vladimir Putin, the prime minister: "Right now, Russia has returned to one of the largest exporters of grain. Sure we occupy 3rd place after the United States and Canada. Already 22, I think, have exported millions."
Viktor Zubkov, First Deputy Prime Minister of Russia"We believe that on July 1 of this year we will have 15 million tons of grain in the country, which will enable us to provide all domestic needs, and therefore the situation on the market is stable. Prices are acceptable to farmers and consumers: where- then from 5.5 to 6.5 rubles per 1 ton. That is such reasonable prices. We have all the opportunities this year not to conduct any further restrictions on the export of grain, which, as we planned, we reported to you earlier, may reach 27 million tons. "
Sergei Yushin, head of the executive committee of the National Meat Association: "The total amount of inventory in the last year of pigs for slaughter in terms of carcass weight was about 40,000 tons. What is 40 thousand tons of ½ is approximately, well, a little over 1.5% of Russia’s annual production, therefore, in general, , it is immaterial for the Russian market will be the impact such a ban. "
European livestock has not expressed a common opinion about the restrictions. So in Germany do not expect a serious impact on local livestock. Ever since the fall of last year, customs duties in Russia have increased so much that sell live pigs became unprofitable. At the same time, Estonia sells in Russia for more than half of its population live pigs, so the embargo could be a serious blow to her. Moreover, the ban does not apply to imports of breeding animals, which Russia buys to improve their herds. According
ded in Karelia
Technology. In Bashkortostan, built a super greenhouse.
Every morning Managing greenhouse Department Ulfat Mukhanaw gets in his green kingdom. These cucumbers like a summer vegetable beds and beg in the mouth, and on the line of the usual salad revival. That green that reached from their pots two inches long, is automatically moved to the next table.
Ulfat Mukhanaw controlling greenhouse department: "As a man, it is grown, cherish, like a child. At home too, of course, the kids are waiting for, but still. Both the house and the children at home, and the children here. As they say, it is still interesting."
Olga Moscow, the chief agronomist hothouse: "The very height, the sheer volume — it gives an additional means, microclimate ideal conditions for tomatoes. Tomatoes do not tolerate overheating."
The greenhouse cost the state farm 711 million rubles. Recoup its plan in 4.5 years. Specialists say, the height of a direct impact on productivity. Here, expect to get to 60 kilograms per square meter per year. It is against the usual 50 in the current 5 meter. New greenhouses are designed to minimize power consumption, which today account for over 40% of the cost of domestic vegetables. Climate control is automatic. If the sun is too bright, it will happen with the right side of the vertical or horizontal shading. Like now: the computer itself gives the command to raise the sails, and the polymer screen is delayed. Alone, this system allows saving on electricity and heat from 20 to 60%. Without leaving your computer, the engineer receives information from each sensor.
Azat Minegulov, chief engineer: "There is also the data from the weather station, it is in our direction, wind speed, ambient air temperature and the presence of rainfall."
For pollination farm grows its own bumblebees, and not buying them from foreign firms, as before.
Olga Moscow, the chief agronomist hothouse: "Why do not grow themselves, as if not to lose and money to keep them on the farm, and have better grow insects that will help us."
Enterprising alekseeytsev a couple of years ago led them to what they found in his own household gas turbine power plant. Filling this unique setting — the engine of the aircraft Su-25, the so-called "Rook", but translated into a more economical fuel — natural gas. However, to supply electricity directly to the greenhouse farm does not qualify. By law, you first need to sell it to a network, and then by the same, but the market price to buy it.
Gennady Godovanyuk, head of gas turbine: "But the difference is in the price and sold, and the resulting energy is precisely the economic efficiency. Well, the year is of the order of 26 million savings in electricity."
In the turbine exhaust gases do not fly directly into the atmosphere, while simultaneously heat the water in the recovery boiler, and hot water in the heating system goes to heating the greenhouse blocks. Together with the new high-rise in greenhouse-Alexeyevskoye almost 40 hectares of crops are grown in greenhouses.