"Canopus" — the latest development of the All-Russian Research Institute of Experimental Mechanics. Small spacecraft needed for operational control of emergency situations. With two cameras, "Canopus" pre-warn of impending disasters.
Canopus — the brightest star in the southern hemisphere. According to her many centuries are reconciled their way sailors for what they called the South Pole star. Since Soviet times, Canopus in space — a benchmark for celestial navigation systems, according to him positioned spacecraft.
But soon the sky will be one more "Canopus" — the newest satellite of Experimental Mechanics.
"Its main task — to control emergencies, both man-made and natural: river floods, fires," — explains Alexander Gorbunov, deputy general director.
"The rectangular shape is no accident. Each panel is going on individual stocks and is functionally complete assembly. There is an element of Lego technology, picking up satellites, like bricks, "- said Alexander Vorontsov, deputy head of the scientific-industrial complex research institutes.
In orbit, "Canopus" will work in the international duo. Twin Russian satellite — Belarusian spacecraft — like him as two drops of water.
"In the future we plan to develop this series of spacecraft. It is planned to start in a couple of years, "Canopus-2," — said Alexander Vorontsov.
The satellite system will help solve the global problem — forecasting of emergency situations. Recent events show that to avoid disaster by natural disasters, sometimes lacks moments. Booked — is forearmed. Two cameras made in Belarus — panchromatic and multispectral — from a height of 510 kilometers will give the image of emerging disasters.
"Grouping" Canopus "- four spacecraft. If you still would Belarusian spacecraft, it’s a joint Russian-Belarusian system that will work for all sectors of the economy: forestry, agriculture, oceanography, "- says Leonid Makridenko, general director of the Institute.
All testing of spacecraft completed, they are prepared for shipment to the launch site. Running brothers satellites planned for the summer, which, as forecasters promise to be even hotter than the hot summer of 2010.