May 13 marked a day of Black Sea Fleet. Specifically, in this day in 1783, 11 ships of the Azov fleet under Admiral Fedota Klokacheva Akhtiar entered the bay of the Black Sea. It came two months after the annexation of Crimea to Russia. On the shores of the bay soon began construction of the port city, which became the main base of the Russian Navy and received the title of Sevastopol.
Naturally, in the history of the Black Sea Fleet of the many glorious pages. So, in the middle of XIX century by the famous admirals AS Greig, MP Lazarev, PS Nakhimov and VA Kornilov's Black Sea fleet was one of the best sailing fleets in Europe. During the Crimean War (1853-1856 gg.) Squadron fleet November 18, 1853 won a landslide victory over the Turkish fleet in Sinop Bay. Of the 16 ships of the enemy lost 15. It was the last great battle era of sailing ships.
During the Russian war majestically in front of the Black Sea Fleet was tasked to cover the front and support the Maritime Army artillery fire and air strikes. Black Sea Fleet ships already in the first days of the war made a daring raid on the main naval bases of the enemy. A special place in the fighting fleet occupy the defense of Odessa, Sevastopol, Kerch-Feodosiya landing operation, the defense of the Caucasus, the liberation of Novorossiysk.
The current weekday Black Sea sailors saturated battle study. In the last couple of years, the Black Sea Fleet courses are run far beyond the Black Sea. Naval forces returned not only in the Mediterranean, has become more like in the ocean zone. In today's fleet was in pretty tasks associated with distant campaigns. Large landing ship "Caesar Kunikov" in April as flagship participated in vernal activate the Black Sea Naval Cooperation Task Group "BLACKSEAFOR". In August last year, the Black Sea Fleet took command CHVMG and adequately fulfilled all tasks for the management of international connections.
Black Sea Fleet hydrographic vessel "Donuzlav", having made the transition from Sevastopol, which fulfilled the tasks in the port of Monaco, where he represented Russia at the 18th Internatsionalnaya Hydrographic Conference. On board the Black Sea Fleet in the principality of the same name arrived Russian delegation led by Head of the Department of Navigation and Oceanography of the Ministry of Defense of Russian Federation, Alexander Shemetova.
Day Black Sea Fleet in the distant expedition met the watchdog ship "Sharp-witted," large sea tanker "Ivan Bubnov" and seagoing tug MB-304. The last two vessels will ensure the operation of the forces of the Russian Navy to combat piracy in the Gulf of Aden.
Over the past year and the beginning of today, the state of the Black Sea Fleet was about 265,000 nautical miles and a half times more than in 2010. In the far sea zone passed 81,000 miles.
The Navy has increased sea practice for the crews of warships and vessels. This is due to the geographical expansion of the navy, increasing the number of distant campaigns and intense work of sailors in the ocean and distant sea areas. As a consequence, in 2011, the ships and shore troops executed 765 combat exercise held 30 credits exercises and units, groups of diverse forces, including the battalion tactical teaching live-fire on landing Marines on unequipped coast. Produced rocket, artillery and torpedo firing exercises staged by electronic jamming, bombing planes attack aircraft. Exercises were carried out search and rescue naval forces with the assistance of naval aviation, which were worked out in the new standards rescue equipment and divers made about 400 dives under the water. During the year, the Black Sea Fleet servicemen completed more than 3,200 jumps. The Navy conducted a planned training groups of diverse forces, homogeneous and heterogeneous tactical groups. Black Sea Fleet ships patrolled the Gulf of Aden, in the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea.
This year we plan to have a lot of serious exercise, including the international format. BSF will represent Russia at the bilateral Russian-Italian naval exercise "Ioneks-2012" during a long voyage visits of ships in the Black Sea port of several Mediterranean countries. In August begin another activating compound "BLACKSEAFOR", in which Black Sea Navy will act together on an equal footing with its regional partners. In October, held a regular hike already huge amphibious assault ship of the fleet to the Hellenic Republic.
Also planned for the fall of the exercise of naval forces in the heterogeneous groups, which will include a performance of missile and artillery fire and landing landing on unequipped coast. Such exercises, involving perhaps the greatest amount of force in the Navy held frequently.
In 2010, the President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev and Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovich in Kharkov updated agreements were signed on the Black Sea Fleet. They suggest the extension of the naval forces based in the territory of Ukraine until 2042.
Fleets of 2-states back to the format of the active co-operation in the framework of bilateral Russian-Ukrainian naval exercise "Fairway of Peace."
Black Sea fleet RF live this life where there is no place more long-term idle ships at berth or repair of many years. He remains as before strategic formation of the Russian Navy, which is deployed in the far sea zone without interruption throughout the year.