Construction of the century: how to build Tomsk Pushkin isolation

So true. On Saturday, October 20, in Tomsk, inaugurated the movement on the roundabout in the 4th clinic.

Everyone remembered Cheburashka with his "We built-built and finally built! Hurrah! ". Indeed, the "Cheers": a two-level interchange, for which the well established name of "Pushkin" after so many years of waiting, yet built.



The emergence of the first project of reconstruction of the intersection of Pushkin street — Komsomolsk prospectus referred back to the 80s of the twentieth century. Then isolation, developed by experts from Voronezh, was a single-level. The project is the construction of a two-level interchange in the twenty-first century had been developing design and research institute "Tomgiprotrans."


The need to eliminate traffic congestion in the area of 4th clinics began to speak in the early 2000s. The length of Pushkin Street in the area from the overpass to Yakovlev called the "most problematic" in the city — it is here in the morning, afternoon and evening, going to the biggest traffic jam in the city, effectively cut off from "civilization", most of the October district.

In 2002, construction of two-level interchange at the intersection of Pushkin the Komsomol was estimated at 700-800 million rubles, but it was already clear that this amount does not pull the city budget. In 2004, at the site of the future interchange launched the circular movement, with inside the "ring" on the island continued to work clinic number 4, pharmacy, Humanities Lyceum, sometimes huddled circus. In 2006, city officials said, the off-road in this area is 47 thousand a day, in 1-2 years the problem of traffic jams here without reconstruction of the overpass and interchange becomes insoluble.

In 2006, the design and construction documents for the construction of an interchange has been submitted for review to the Federal Road Agency of the Ministry of Transport of Russia and the Federal Agency for Management of Special Economic Zones. If the city was able to prove that the construction of an interchange will improve the accessibility of sites of technical innovation zones, there would be a great chance to get funding from the federal budget.

In May of 2008, at a meeting with the governor of Tomsk Mayor Nicholas Nikolaichuk said that the construction of an interchange — too a long way in solving the "Pushkin’s problems." Construction will bring more good prospect Innovators, which will be held parallel to the path of Irkutsk and Frunze Avenue and will connect with the street Komsomol prospectus Working.

In the same year 2008 the construction of interchanges almost started. But then the project was laid down only the construction of "clover leaf", and the expansion of the adjacent streets is not foreseen. The project was sent back for revision. A Tomsk authorities took up the construction of the road Elizarovs — Baltic — Autumn, to give citizens a chance to drive around the proverbial plug on Pushkin. In autumn 2010, the line was opened, and the denouement was still only exist on paper. 

It was only in 2011, its construction was real.

"First-person"TV-2, 17.05.2011:

Corr.: "This year, what new road construction supposed to be? ‘.

The mayor of Tomsk N. Nikolaichuk: "Tomorrow at the plenary meeting of the State Duma of the Russian Federation will be considered the law ‘On Amendments to the budget of the Russian Federation. " We promised the governor that will make every effort to get federal funding for the construction of an interchange on Pushkin. In the budget of the Russian Federation 2.8 billion rubles for the construction of an interchange on the 4th clinic. Today I called up a senator with our B. Liquid. He also supervises all these issues. The basic construction of this year — isolation on the 4th clinic. A lot of the work. We commitments have been made, we will do as soon as possible. There statutory construction period of 3 years. We take the commitment that in October 2012 denouement was put into operation. The most important thing is that tomorrow the decision of the State Duma of the Russian Federation took place. "

At the plenary session of the State Duma of the Russian Federation on 18 May, it was decided to finance the project. From the federal budget for the construction of an interchange allocated 2.89 billion rubles, with the remaining funds to complete 3 billion given area.


"You Cho discuss? There will be no decoupling, while City Hall and the U.S. are not home for the viaduct! It is much more important than ‘master’ money on building TKAD, Chinar she needed much more than this unfortunate isolation"(Tomsk forums, 2.02.2011)

"All this nonsense, do not start to build it with these Olympics, World Championships," Skolkovo "and the next summit on the island of Russian (who does not know there are building the largest cable-stayed bridge). And this is only part of the problem. <….> I myself spoke with designers and they confessed — the problem should be solved in a complex! "Gordian knot", we shift the problem of congestion on the street. Pushkin (which is already choking), on the only (!) Overpass leading to Irkutsk, for travel from Kashtak — which … I better not say anything! "(, 10.12.2010)

"The hat! Your great-great-grandchildren can and wait for isolation, they are current on spaceships will fly ektoprotonoplazmennyh))))"(Tomsk gallery 20.10.2010)

"The practice suggests that if the government wants to reduce 2-fold construction time, the result will be possible in 2 times more than originally planned ". (The Bytes, 23.05.2011) 


Competition for the construction of two-level interchange had back in 2010. Then it was filed only two bids, but one of the participants, NPO "Mostovik", the auction was not. And municipal contract in the amount of 2,818,260,760 rubles was concluded with the Tomsk branch of "Sibmost."



According to the tender documents for the construction of interchanges was given three years, but just before the construction of the term cut in half, having decided that the work should be conducted simultaneously at several sites. 1.5 years contractor was required to build a two-level interchange in the form of "clover leaf "to reconstruct the overpass, street repair. Pushkin on the site from the street. Yakovlev to the overpass, Irkutsk path from the overpass to the street. Michurina expand st. Michurina Street. 1st Working, st. Working to build two underground and six above-ground crossings. Instead of asphalt would be used stone mastic mixture — more exp
ensive but also more durable. In addition, before construction had to perform a large-scale transfer of all communications, settle 24 families and carry almost three dozen buildings. The date of construction has been named December 1, 2014.



The official date of the beginning of the construction of interchanges — May 25, 2011. It was on this auspicious day builders have begun to dismantle the tram tracks on the street. Pushkin. By July it completed and set to transfer communications. In June, Nicholas Nikolaichuk spent the first headquarters for the construction of interchanges.

Demolition of buildings

It just so happened that prevented the construction and therefore fall under demolition, not only houses, the inhabitants of which were eventually settled, but also socially significant buildings — October district military commissariat, 4th polyclinic and Humanities Lyceum. But if the fate of all the clinics was more or less clear, the position of the recruiting office and the Lyceum was much less enviable. 

Recruitment office

In August, the Ministry of Defence agreed to move the October district military office in the building on the street. Nikitin, 8. The details of this move was supposed to decide quickly, but resolution of the issue with the military commissariat much delayed and moved in the year 2012 (and the townspeople had already begun to bet: take down-draft board did or not).


The city government firmly stated that as a legal entity, Humanitarian Lyceum will continue to exist after the demolition of the building. Was offered the option to move to a school number 49 (which is already on Mokrushina), then — in a correctional school building on Lenin Avenue, 53. Recently renovated supposed to give to the full enjoyment of the Lyceum. Against the move were all there: and lyceum students, and students, but all the same high school in September moved to Lenin. As for the correctional school, for her students and teachers at the school was a place number 42 on the street. Elizarovs. 

4th polyclinic

Premises for the 4th clinic planned to provide the building on the street. 79th Guards. Division, 3/2, but the reconstruction of the latter has been much delayed. Construction period were forced to hurry, therefore even started talking about a possible distribution of the medical staff and patients at other institutions of the city. But in July, the city government firmly promised that the clinic will move to new premises before the end of the year. In November, repairs in the building at the 79th Guards. Division really completed, but the reception of patients are started only in March 2012.


In June, in connection with the relocation of utilities was closed stop "Telecenter" in both directions. On the last day of November, at the bus stop in the direction of the street. Yakovlev again began stopping buses.

Cutting off the water

In December, the two districts of the city awaited first major shutdown of water. At the time of transfer of communications conducted by specialists of "Tomskvodokanala" (and it is almost 47 hours), October and Leninsky districts of Tomsk had to stock up on water.


Until the end of the year on the streets of Pushkin, the 79th Guards. Division, Far Kluchevskoy, the Station is actively transferred communication, expand the roadway, curbs installed. As a result, the Far Kluchevskaya was expanded to four lanes. In October, the two new lanes on the street. Pushkin discovered the movement, but it was closed for the old band. At the time of the slip road works connecting Kashtak and st. Pushkin was renovated alley Trip.

On one of the staffs in June 2011 that the mayor held weekly, Saturday morning collecting all contractors on the Tomsk "construction of the century," Nicholas Nikolaichuk said: "In order to survive a tough schedule, we moved on to work around the clock. Unfortunately, this is fraught with inconvenience to nearby residents, but we try to minimize construction noise at night. "


yes, and my prediction: 4th interchange on the clinic will not be built
start but do not finish (
 Tomsk gallery 23.05.2011)

This isolation will ochchchen long time to build and design, is the daily bread ‘fathers’ of the city, how much money has been spent there and how much to spend. so do not expect a speedy construction, and the more its ending. (Tomsk gallery  2.02.2011)

Construction of an interchange on the 4th clinic — vote buying, car owners! Otherwise, why is it necessary? Yes, even before the election! (Tomsk forums, 1.07.2011)


Recruitment office

Demolition military office that prevents the construction of interchanges, has been scheduled for March, but the Ministry of Defence agreed to sell the building for 21 million rubles, did not give the order to move employees. The delay in the resolution of this issue strongly inhibited the timing of road construction, but one way or another, by May, the situation with the military enlistment office there has been a clearance. His staff moved into a room on the street. Suvorov, 12, and the building was demolished in isolation 18-20th May.

Cutting off the water

Part of the city again experienced a two-day shutdown of water: one in April and another — in July. By disabling again got the whole October and part of the Leninsky district.


Work to expand the overpass to six lanes began in April. In the mayor’s office had a long discussion the scheme of traffic at the time of reconstruction: originally planned to close the overpass for freight transport. But in the end it was decided to leave out of the five bands to move only two, but for all transport, so as not to overload the street in the autumn, and Klyuyeva Elizarovs. Then, in April, the work on the overpass were organized in two shifts.

In May, the district closed the overpass underpass, causing considerable disturbance of citizens, and without considerable inconvenience brook. In June, a stop "Overpass" moved a few feet in the direction of movement in the direction of a solution. On August 1, at the overpass opened to traffic four lanes of the six. 


The first pillar of the future overpass established in March; span structures that roadster called simply "farm" — in July. In the middle of that month under the flyover was opened to traffic on the street. Pushkin. But the movement at the overpass, but only in one direction (three bands) launched on September 12, 10 days — on both sides.


In June, work on the street. Pushkin, as well as on an overpass, were organized in two shifts. The street
was widened to six lanes, in July it was opened to traffic under the overpass, opened in August VOKZALNAYA streets and railway. Working the streets and Michurina expanded to four lanes, Irkutsk path — to six.


In August began repairing Komsomolsk prospectus, which all drivers Tomsk met together "in arms". The reason was the notorious coating made on the technology "smart power", already familiar to citizens. Covering the area from the intersection with the street. Pushkin to the street. Siberian laid and almost immediately dismantled — the contractor, LLC "Tomdorstroy" broke required temperature to stabilize the coating. However, despite the dismantling of "smart power" still helped the road, said the head of the department of capital construction Alexey Safronov, reducing vodonasyschaemost asphalt.


In February, the construction of overpasses on the street. Pushkin near the Cadet Corps, work continued on the construction of the underpass on the street. 79th Guards. Division. In the spring the construction of two transitions at pr.Komsomolskij one on Pushkin Street in the "Mercedes-center"; underpass on the street. Railway station, in the early fall — overpasses near the house on the street. Pushkin, 37


In April, in connection with the start of work on the reconstruction of the overpass was closed trolleybus number number 1, 3 and 7 — Machines have been redeployed to other routes. As a result, the number of elektrotranpsporta on Lenin Avenue has increased dramatically, causing a lot of dissatisfaction on the part of private transport. In early October, returned to the trolley line number 5, a route which was closed in June of 2011 in connection with the construction of interchanges. October 12 junction in the test mode has been launched trolleybus number 1.


1.5 years took 82 staff dedicated to the discussion of the rapid pace of construction of interchanges, there is still one 83rd. Worked on the construction of nearly two dozen contractors; countless times overlap adjacent to the junction of the street, in the building was torn down more than a dozen trees.

Throughout the construction of the City of tightly controlled turnaround time. So, in August of this year, Nicholas Nikolaichuk, demanding to implement the planned congress from the Station Street. 79th Guards. Division of work in strict accordance with the project, stressed: "Make, maybe even to change, but so that after delivery there has not arisen any failure or defect. While the rains have to look for "windows" to shift internal deadlines. But the reference points and target dates should remain in force. " 

Many townspeople frankly did not believe in the possibility of decoupling and said that building will not start, and when we started — be sure not to finish building, and when he added two — have argued that the decision "a cork problem" it has not helped. However, Pushkin’s isolation today — an accomplished fact, and by far, this is one of the largest urban infrastructure projects implemented in the past decade.   

Promised the mayor of Tomsk Nikolay Nikolaichuk time managed to survive, and the "clover leaf" of iron, asphalt and concrete earned the fall of 2012. Ahead of completion of pedestrian crossings, "patchwork", prompting a final gloss and a long process of "putting into service".

The fact that in January it seemed unreal — it is already possible to touch his feet. The bridge across the street Pushkin ready and already rolled up asphalt. Thus, a major road construction project of the city can be considered largely completed in shock for Tomsk time. Let me remind you, the active phase of construction began in late May last year. 16 months, comrades. "(The Bytes, 11.09.2012)

And yet few numbers, the facts of the construction of Pushkin’s denouement:

— total length of the road junction — 4.7 km, and with adjoining roads — 9 km;
— during the construction of interchanges asphalted 178,000 square meters of the road — it’s 25 field stadium "Trud".
— each of the four metal bars at the base rack weighs 240 tons;
— depth of the five pillars of the overpass — about 30 meters;
— to pay compensation to the owners of 12 residential units, 2 garages and 7 plots spent 100 million rubles;
— width of the reconstructed road overpass — 23 meters (6 lanes), the width of a pedestrian walkway — 3.5 meters on each side;


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