According to UN figures, in 2010 the average price of food in the countries of the "third" world grew by 25 percent. The situation is worst in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Yemen, Indonesia, and several African countries. They face serious social upheavals.
In India, Pakistan and Bangladesh over the last year the retail cost of food has increased by 25-50 percent, and the number of goods increased by three times. Hundreds of millions of people have been unable to feed their families. No better situation in Africa. All this threatens to outbreaks of disorder or even revolutions there the political regimes.
Almost 80 percent of the population of India, Bangladesh and Pakistan, spending up to 80 percent of their income on food. For comparison — in Germany or the Netherlands, the proportion of poor people in the population is only 9.7 percent. However, over the past year due to inflation, famine, floods, and banal speculation products have become rapidly more expensive throughout the space, from China to West Africa.
Only in India, where 1.2 billion people out of a population of nearly 500 million lives at the rate of $ 2 per day, the cost of the minimum food basket increased by 20 percent. For them, this price increase was a disaster.
"That's enough for today, will not be able to earn more", — says pedicab Moshikur Hassan, who works in the Bangladeshi capital Dhaka. It shows two denominations of 100 taka. This corresponds to 2 euros. On the way home he stopped at the shop, selling vegetables and grains, which buys 150 taka vegetables, and the remaining money takes pics. Hassan's house waiting for his wife and three children. Vegetables and rice — it's food for them. If you are not able to earn Hassan, his family will have to sit the whole day hungry.
"We have been forced to give up foods like milk, eggs, not to mention the meat," — said Hassan.
In India, the situation is exacerbated by "onion" crisis. Onion — a favorite spice of local poor and lower strata of the population, who generously add it to the food. Over the past year the cost of onions in the markets of the country rose in 2.5-3.5 times. The rising prices of onions worried all the Indian politicians. All well remember how in 1998 with a bang down departed Chairman of the Cabinet of Ministers Sahib Singh Verma, who at the time of such "onion crisis" advised the poor to just stop adding the onion in curry.
Therefore, policymakers in India, as well as in the Russian ruling tandem, make round eyes and say that prices should be limited.
"Inflation in basic food — it's not funny," — said Finance Minister Pranab Mukheriye.
In neighboring Pakistan have risen sharply retail prices for flour, vegetables, cooking oil, beans and legumes, not to mention the meat or milk. Local politicians are already talking about the "acute crisis in the last 20 years." According to the Pakistani publication Herald, the country over the past year have been recorded dozens and even hundreds of cases of starvation. The lack of food forced the Pakistani police to ensure that the graft not only money, but also the food. The average salary of a police officer is about 70 euros per month and the money is not enough to feed his family.
Last year's floods in Pakistan and India, which has flooded nearly a quarter of the territory of Pakistan, finally killed the hopes of the government of this country for a good harvest. Food prices in these regions have increased by 2-3 times compared to the "antediluvian" at times.
In Vietnam, the price of rice in the last 4 months has doubled in China, the state in order to avoid food shortages, print reserves and thrown on the grain market. Meanwhile, the UN experts predict that 2011 will be a time of disorder and chaos in many Asian, not to mention the African states. And the longer the stay, food prices in the upper range, the higher the risk of social unrest. However, it seems the UN ready. According to the forecast of the organization and the OECD (Agricultural Outlook 2010) 2020 grain prices in the world will grow to 20-40 percent, compared with the current. This either means that the Africans and Asians have to eat less or earn more (to grow food). And he and the other way is to reflect current realities and utopias.
However, pedicab from Dhaka Hasan has admitted that his family went for the first option.
"My wife is preparing food now only twice a day — morning and evening. So we have been living for almost a year. But how long can hold out — hard to say, "- he said.
The world in 2011 could seriously threaten hunger crisis. His first results, as reported InterRight, seen by the example of Tunisia, where the rise in prices of flour, butter and sugar by 20-30 percent with almost 30 to 40 per cent unemployment among young people has led to the fall of the regime of President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, who ruled the country since 1987. Food shortages and price increases resentment exist in Algeria, Libya, Egypt, Yemen, Jordan and Mauritania.
Even being in more affluent circumstances, Russia, wrote a blog Interpreter, also exposed the "hunger scenario." According to UN experts, the most disadvantaged countries in this respect are in 2011, Chad, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Sierra Leone, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Burundi and Rwanda. In these countries, could begin a real and full-scale famine.