Cyst of the tooth

Cyst of the tooth.  Photo from

The word "cyst" is derived from the Greek word "kystis", which means the bubble. More precisely and not say. Thus, Ovarian — a disease in which the body cavity is formed pathological dense walled, mostly filled or liquid pasty content (dead cells, bacteria, etc.). Cyst wall (bladder), consists of a thin layer of cells, which produce a liquid and swell like cyst from the inside, like a balloon.

It is necessary to treat the cyst. If this is not done, the teeth, trapped in its cavity fall out. Currently in use, therapeutic and surgical methods for the treatment of cysts that can remove the inflammation, keeping tooth.

To prevent the development of cysts of the tooth using whole complex disease prevention teeth and gums. Regular (every six months) visits to the dentist and diagnostics of previously treated channel can detect the disease in its early stages and treat with minimal losses.

Cyst of the tooth located in the gums around the tooth root. And if a cyst is not treated in time, the teeth, trapped in the cyst, fall out.


The main causes of cyst formation of the tooth — an injury and infection:

  • Get injured teeth can not only in the boxing ring or in a street fight, but also at home, gnawing nuts.
  • The infection usually penetrates the root canal at the wrong dentistry. For example, the doctor will remove the nerve, and the channel is not sealed up until the end, etc.
  • Less commonly, the cyst arises from sinusitis or a infectious disease in which the harmful germs are transferred from the blood stream into the gums.

What's going on?

It all starts with periodontitis — inflammation of periodontal: a thin layer between the tooth root and the bone of the jaw. If the disease is left untreated, serious complications can occur.

In response to inflammation around the tooth root tissue growth begins. Small tumor size up to 5 mm, said granuloma. It gradually increases and coated tablets, so called "bag". Granuloma becomescyst ("Pouch" with semisolid contents from damaged cells). If and now do not take up treatment, cyst will continue to grow and capture more of the teeth. Sometimes the cyst spontaneously opened, forming a fistula. Fistula— A channel which connects the cyst cavity to the outside.

Granulomas and cysts are distinguished by their treachery. Not only do they "undermine" the roots of the teeth, from time to time the infection is activated, thus affecting the overall health of man. Cyst formation usually occurs quickly, so the disease is often detected incidentally during a dental examination. Pain and swelling in the gums, fever, weakness, headache, flux on the cheek there is a fairly late stage of the disease. These symptoms occur due to continuous growth cysts tooth destruction of healthy bone tissue. Exacerbation may be due to various factors: hypothermia, severe physical or mental work, low immunity, stress and cold.


The most annoying thing is that sometimes people can not even guess at the cyst until a crisis. To look at a bad tooth is different from a healthy, gingiva also looks normal. Is that something solid when biting an unpleasant sensation, and then not always.

The only way to identify a cyst — enlighten tooth X-rays. It turns out that smell a rat can only be experienced dentist, but more often it happens by accident.

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