Day of the Russian Northern Fleet

Eighty years ago, June 1, 1933, was formed Northern Flotilla. This day is now celebrated as the Day of the Russian Northern Fleet.

June 1 marks the Day of the Northern Fleet — the youngest of the Russian fleet. It was established by order of the Navy commander of the Russian Federation from July 15, 1996 "On the introduction of annual holidays and professional days in the specialty."

 On this day, June 1, 1933, was formed with the Northern Flotilla homebase in Murmansk — Kola Bay.
 
The first attempt to create a naval fleet in the North was made in 1693 on the orders of Peter I. In Arkhangelsk was laid Solombalskaya shipyard, where the construction of warships.

In 1740, the North came the first compound Russian warships that have made cruise from Norwegian to the Kara Sea, warning visit the Swedish Navy in the Russian harbor.

In the First World War to protect the northern sea routes was formed Flotilla Arctic Ocean, which lasted until March 1920 (from August 1918 was part of the White Fleet).

March 1, 1920 the Soviet government established the White Sea Flotilla was transformed in April 1920 in the naval forces of the North Sea.
However, to maintain the military fleet in the North Soviet republic failed. The difficult economic situation has forced the government to make a substantial reduction in the Navy. In May 1922 it was decided to disband the Naval Force of the North Sea. Part of the ship together with the staff moved into the marine border guards, some were converted to fishing trawlers.

April 15, 1933 People’s Commissar of Defense of the USSR signed the order in which the North to the Baltic Fleet made the transition destroyers "Uritzky" and "Kuibyshev" escorts "Hurricane" and "Twister" subs "Decembrist" and "Narodovolets." Circular of the Chief of Staff of the Red Army from June 1, 1933 was formed Northern Flotilla with homebase in Murmansk — Kola Bay. At the same time the construction of the first naval base in the Arctic. 11 May 1937 flotilla was transformed into the Northern Fleet. Was appointed commander of the fleet’s flagship 1 rank Konstantin Dushenov.

August 9 (July 28 — Art. Cent.) In 1895 in Vologda was born Konstantin Dushenov (1895-04.02.1940), the Russian commander, I rank flagship, the first commander of the Northern Fleet.

On 30 November 1939 the Northern Fleet took part in the fighting — in the Soviet-Finnish War.

During the Great Patriotic War, the Northern Fleet defended coastline, covered seaside flank of the 14th Army from landings and shelling enemy ships, participated in the Petsamo-Kirkenes operation (1944), violated the sea lanes the enemy, deprived him of the initiatives of the sea. During the war, the Federation Council has provided the wiring over 2,500 ships in the convoys and inland about 1,500 transports within Union. For Service in Battle 12 corps units and formations of the Northern Fleet was awarded the title of the Guards, a 48,000 severomortsev were awarded orders and medals, 85 were awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union.

Aiki War — Marines of the Northern Fleet at sea on a boat project MO-4.

After the war, the Federation Council has significantly increased its power, becoming the largest and most combat-ready Naval Association.
In September 1955, the first in the world in the White Sea was made with the launch of a ballistic missile submarine, and July 1, 1958 flag was raised at the first Soviet nuclear submarine K-3 (later the name "Leninsky Komsomol").

In 1963, the nuclear submarine commanded by Yury Sysoev successfully made the under-ice diving and surfacing in the geographic North Pole, where the public and hoisted the naval flags of the USSR.
From 1962 to 1996, the Northern Fleet submariners were more than 300 voyages in polar latitudes. More than 25 submarines had mezhflotskie transitions northern sea route from the North to the Pacific Fleet and Pacific — to the North.
In 1965, the Northern Fleet has been awarded the Order of the Red Banner.

For the selfless performance of duty and heroism in the postwar period, the title of Hero of the Soviet Union was awarded Severomortsev 41, 26 soldiers of the fleet became Heroes of Russia.

   The basis of the modern form of the Northern Fleet nuclear-powered missile and torpedo submarines, missile-carrying and anti-submarine aircraft, missiles, aircraft carriers and anti-submarine ships.

   The main objectives of the Northern Fleet are: The maintenance of naval strategic nuclear forces in constant readiness for the benefit of nuclear deterrence, protection of the economic zone and the suppression of unlawful operation, ensuring the safety of navigation, execution of foreign policy actions of the government in the economically important regions of the World Ocean (visits, business visits, joint exercises, and activities in peace forces).

Aiki War — Marines of the Northern Fleet at sea on a boat project MO-4.

After the war, the Federation Council has significantly increased its power, becoming the largest and most combat-ready Naval Association.
In September 1955, the first in the world in the White Sea was made with the launch of a ballistic missile submarine, and July 1, 1958 flag was raised at the first Soviet nuclear submarine K-3 (later the name "Leninsky Komsomol").

In 1963, the nuclear submarine commanded by Yury Sysoev successfully made the under-ice diving and surfacing in the geographic North Pole, where the public and hoisted the naval flags of the USSR.
From 1962 to 1996, the Northern Fleet submariners were more than 300 voyages in polar latitudes. More than 25 submarines had mezhflotskie transitions northern sea route from the North to the Pacific Fleet and Pacific — to the North.
In 1965, the Northern Fleet has been awarded the Order of the Red Banner.

For the selfless performance of duty and heroism in the postwar period, the title of Hero of the Soviet Union was awarded Severomortsev 41, 26 soldiers of the fleet became Heroes of Russia.

   The basis of the modern form of the Northern Fleet nuclear-powered missile and torpedo submarines, missile-carrying and anti-submarine aircraft, missiles, aircraft carriers and anti-submarine ships.

   The main objectives of the Northern Fleet are: The maintenance of naval strategic nuclear forces in constant readiness for the benefit of nuclear deterrence, protection of the economic zone and the suppression of unlawful operation, ensuring the safety of navigation, execution of foreign policy actions of the government in the economically important regions of the World Ocean (visits, business visits, joint exercises, and activities in peace forces).

The main bases of the fleet are— Severomorsk, Western People, Gadzhievo, Polar.

The flagship of the Northern Fleet is the heavy nuclear-powered missile cruiser "Peter the Great" — Currently the only being in the ranks of heavy nuclear-powered missile cruiser, the third generation of a series of Project 1144 "eagle."

The commander of the Northern Fleet — Admiral Vladimir Korolev.

Pamyatnik "seaman Alesha" (Severomorsk)

 

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