Declassified large field of superhard diamond, which are twice harder than usual. A statement to that effect made by Novosibirsk scientists of the Institute of Geology and Mineralogy, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
The deposit is located on the border of the Krasnoyarsk region and Yakutia in Popigai impact structure — stokilometrovy meteorite crater formed 35 million years.
In the 1970s, Soviet geologists discovered there the first extra hard "diamonds" — impactites with unusual properties. They were twice harder and had another common structure. But due to the fact that the government at that time had focused on the construction of plants for the production of synthetic diamonds, they stopped the study, and data on the field were classified. After declassification geologists were able to return to the study of this mineral. And the changing needs of the economy-made diamonds impactites extremely popular material because of its unusual properties. As the director of the Institute of Geology and Mineralogy SB RAS Academician Nikolai Pokhilenko, "the first results of research were sufficient to talk about a possible coup around the world diamond market." "Resources of super-hard diamonds contained in rocks Popigai impact structure, an order of magnitude greater than all the world’s proven reserves. We are talking about trillions of carats, for comparison — today known reserves of deposits of Yakutia estimated at one billion carats, "- he said.
Deputy Director of the Institute "Yakutnipromalmaz" Gennady Nikitin warns: "Popigai diamonds could turn everything, and then what will happen to prices in the market — is unclear." According to the academician Pokhilenko, "the value of impact diamonds added to the unusual properties of the abrasive grains and larger sizes." "This significantly expands the scope of their industrial use and makes them more valuable for industrial purposes," — he explains. Moreover, nowhere else in the world impactites with such properties has not yet been detected. Scientists have calculated that stocks of raw materials "enough around the world to 3,000 years." The use of these minerals in the manufacturing industry is able to produce a technical revolution. By this raw material is already enough serious interest from a number of large corporations. This, in particular, it was stated at the round table "The New Economy — the new material" within held in Novosibirsk Forum "Interra-2012."