Defense showed weekdays Moscow ABM system

Journalists demonstrated "Eighth Wonder of the World." So for appearance, unique features and a very high cost is often referred to as the main element of a missile defense system of Moscow and all Russia Central Industrial Region — single-pulse radar centimeter range, "Don-2N."

"Don-2N" — the station around view, carrying out continuous monitoring of space at an altitude of 40 thousand km and allows to detect ballistic missiles in space, to accompany them, measuring positions, analyze the composition of complex-selected goals and warheads of missiles, anti-missiles to direct and also automatically detect and determine the parameters of the motion of cosmic objects, transfer trajectory measurements in the center of space control.

In a peaceful setting radar operates at a low radiated power. If necessary, transferred to a station active mode. In the case of a missile attack is capable to work in a fully autonomous mode, which provides independent systems of energy and water supplies, refrigeration equipment, and repair units, as well as food supplies. Around the radar for a few kilometers there is a screen shielding and built a transport tunnel. When the plant is operating at full capacity, input and output are carried out through it.

  • Screens biological protection.
  • Screens biological protection.
  • Entrance to the tunnel traffic.
  • Entrance to the tunnel traffic.

The clock in real-time combat crew command post radar "Don-2N" is processing and analysis of information about space and electronic situation in the zone of responsibility of the station.

In order to maintain constant alert radar specialists regularly perform training drills for the detection, tracking, classification, and defeat ballistic purposes, as well as the characterization of the motion of cosmic objects. Trainings are conducted using specific computer programs that simulate real combat conditions.

Office of radar by using Soviet supercomputer "Elbrus-2" of the mid-1980s. It is with minor upgrades still copes with its tasks.

  • Elbrus-2
  • Elbrus-2

At the end of each of the four walls of the station are located blocks of transmit and receive antennas, and arrangements for their removal and transport. The station is equipped with phased array antennas.

  • A phased array antenna.
  • A phased array antenna.
  • The process of extracting unit antenna.
  • The process of extracting unit antenna.

All operations are carried out under the control of the operator. To this end, the radar is regularly invoked to detect launches of space rockets and ballistic missile launches from Plesetsk and Baikonur, from submarines in the Barents, White and Sea of Okhotsk.

The uniqueness of "Don-2N" lies in its flexibility and versatility. The station carries out tasks not only in the interests of the missile defense system, it is also integrated into a single system of additional information support systems, missile warning and space control.

The unique capabilities of the "Don-2N" have been clearly demonstrated in February 1994, in the course of the experiment in conjunction with the U.S. program tracking so-called "space junk." Russian station only able to detect and build the trajectory of a small object in space — ball diameter of 2 inches (about 5 cm).

  • General view of the main hall of the command post of the radar "Don-2N."
  • General view of the main hall of the command post of the radar "Don-2N."
  • General view of the main hall of the command post of the radar "Don-2N."
  • General view of the main hall of the command post of the radar "Don-2N."
  • General view of the main hall of the command post of the radar "Don-2N."
  • General view of the main hall of the command post of the radar "Don-2N."
  • General view of the main hall of the command post of the radar "Don-2N."
  • General view of the main hall of the command post of the radar "Don-2N."
  • This is how the technology corridors station.
  • This is how the technology corridors station.
  • Intercept long-range anti-missile missile.  Not on a combat stance, of course.
  • Intercept long-range anti-missile missile. Not on a combat stance, of course.
  • Transport container interceptors.
  • Transport container interceptors.
  • Transport container interceptors.

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