Reported crime statistics.
The crime rate is usually quite accurately reflects the well-being of the social situation. According to published by the Federal State Statistics Service (Rosstat) to law enforcement authorities1, the overall level of crime in Russia, which declined during the first years of perestroika (up to 814 per 100 thousand persons resident population in 1987), was rapidly and steadily rising since the late 1980s. Increasing crime coincided with periods of crisis in the strengthening of social and economic life of society 1990-1993 and 1998-1999, and in periods of relative stability, there was a trend of decline. An important role in the changing trends of registered crime plays and legislative reform. In addition, some impact on the change in the number of offenses can have a significant change in the population age groups are more prone to commit offenses (youth 16 to 30 years).
The number of reported crimes — the identification and registration of the internal affairs bodies of socially dangerous acts under the criminal law — in Russia grew from 1.8 million in 1990 to 2.8 million in 1992-1993, and then after a slight decline in 1997-1998, — almost 3.0 million in 1999-2001. After a significant decline observed in 2002 and is largely associated with the entry into force of the new Criminal Procedure Code2, Russia resumed in increased crime. In 2006 it was reported the largest over time statistical monitoring the number of offenses — 3,855 thousand against 2,526,000 in 2002 (4 years it has increased by 1.5 times as compared with 1990 — 2.1 times). In the last five years, it has steadily declined, reaching in 2011 2404.8 thousand crimes, which is 8.5% less than in 2010, and more than one third (37.6%) less than in 2006. This is considerably lower values of the past twenty years, although higher than in 1991 and earlier (Fig. 1).
The crime rate in Russia has reached its highest level in 2006, when there were 2,706 crimes per 100,000 resident population. Beginning in 2007, he steadily declining, falling in 2011 to 1683 by 100 thousand people. Some contribution to the improvement in population growth has made in accordance with the results of the National Population Census 2010 (WH-2010), but it is not very significant (0.7%).
Of the total number of reported crimes in their allocated share of theft — their share in the early 90’s was about 50% of all reported crimes in 1992 rose to nearly 60%, and then gradually reduced to its lowest value — 36.7 % — in 2002. In 2004-2005, the proportion of burglaries in the total number of reported crimes exceeded 44%, and then again began to decline, falling to 39.7% in 2009. In the past two years, the proportion of burglaries in the total number of crimes increased again, reaching 43.2% in 2011 against 42.2% in 2010. Growing, albeit with some deviations from the trend, the proportion of crimes related to drug trafficking. In 1990-1991, it accounted for 0.9% of the total number of reported crimes in 2000 — 8.3%. After a mild recession in 2003-2005 (up to 4.9% in 2005), it began to rise again, reaching in 2011 8.9%.
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