Demoscope. Mortality dynamics and breakdown of reasons.

Another portion of the graphs that are better than a thousand words.


Mortality from external causes


  • deaths from external causes
  • deaths from external causes


The rest is under the cut.


The number of deaths in Russia by main causes of death for 100,000 resident population, the years 1980-2012 *


(BSC — diseases of the circulatory system, but — neoplasms, VP — external causes, BOP — diseases of the digestive system, AML — respiratory diseases, HPI — infectious and parasitic diseases)


Life expectancy at birth.


In December 2012, the Federal State Statistics Service has published estimates of life expectancy at birth in 2003-2010, recalculated taking into account the results of the 2010 population census, as well as — for the first time — for 2011664 years for men and 76.6 years for women.

The translation of mortality with the higher population, considered in the census of 2010, led to a slight increase in the value of life expectancy at birth — by 0.1 years for both sexes in 2006-2010, slightly higher for women. More fundamentally different from that promulgated a year earlier value of the index in 2011. According to the former Minister of Health and Social Development of the Russian Federation7,
Life expectancy at birth in 2011, according to preliminary estimates based on monthly data reception, topped at last frontier in 70 years, reaching 70.3 years. According to Rosstat published, it never crossed this threshold in 2011, reaching 69.8 years. Life expectancy at birth in Russia for the third time coming to this point (as of 1986-1987, he was even exceeded — 70.1 years), but exceeded its sustainable, unlike other countries, has not been observed8 (Fig. 17). Moreover, in some periods there was a significant decline. The last one occurred between late 1990’s until 2003, when life expectancy at birth has fallen below 65 years of age (64.86 years). After that, mortality began to decline and life expectancy — to grow. During 2003-2011 years the growth in life expectancy at birth was almost 5 years (4.97 years).

Male life expectancy at birth has increased more significantly (by 5.48 years) than in women (3.75 years). As a result, ultra-high gap in life expectancy between men and women, typical for Russia over the past decades, it fell in 2011 to 11.6 years (75.6 and 64.0) versus 13.6 years in 2005 (72.5 and 58.9) and 13.7 years in 1994 (71.1 and 57.4).







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