Designer — gunsmith, loyal fatherland

Sergei Ivanovich Mosin who was born in the village of Ramon Voronezh 2 (14) April 1849. In 1867 he graduated with honors from high school, and in 1870 — St. Petersburg Mikhailovsky Artillery School. After two years, was admitted to the first year of technical faculty Mikhailovsky Artillery Academy. And in 1875, after graduation, he was appointed chief tool shop Tula Arms Plant.
By the 1880s, SI Mosin was already known as a great expert on arms manufacture. By order of the Chief Artillery Department in the years 1881-1882, he was appointed member of the "Commission for the inspection of mechanical equipment and buildings" Sestroretsky and the Izhevsk plant. The focus of the military establishment was then the question of rearmament of the Russian army shopping small-bore rifle. 

Tula Arms Plant Mosin many years headed the machine shop, which depended on all the activities of the enterprise. During the years 1875-1876 she worked at the Tula factory special committee, which was engaged in improving the shutter 4.2-linear rifle. Mosin worked closely with its experts.

In 1882, SI Mosin independently started work on remaking single shot rifle in a shopping Berdan rifle. He made it, and rack and Applied shop for 8 rounds. The cartridges in the store located at an angle, so that the bullet is not a single bullet rested against the cap of another — is a rifle made completely safe and distinguish it from foreign systems.

The rifle of the sample, and is now kept in the museum of weapons at the Tula arms factory was finally developed Mosin to top 1884. Somewhat later created a Mosin rifle is a sample of 12 cartridges.

Being in St. Petersburg with his first rifle, Sergei learned that among scholars and prominent military figures are heated arguments about the prospects and opportunities multiply, or, as they said, "refresher" of the weapon. It would seem that lessons of the Balkan war had clearly resolve the question: to be or not to be repeating rifle. However, in military circles, there were many supporters of the traditional rules of "shoot rarely, aptly." They believed that multiply the rifle would have the right to exist if a soldier wanted to kill some time.

In July 1883, SI Mosin was appointed a member of a special commission on testing magazine rifles. This was the official recognition of its leading expert in the field of small arms. Mosin was directly involved in the testing of their own rifles, listening intently to the comments. In 1885, the weapons department ordered the Tula arms factory in 1000 with a new magazine rifles for military trials.

   Abroad to learn about the invention of the Mosin, decided to outbid him. In 1885, on behalf of a Paris firm for the right to use the French invented Mosin rifle rack and application engine was offered 600 million francs. The sum has reached 1 million SI Mosin at the time had very modest means. However, he rejected all offers of foreigners.

November 25, 1891 Main Artillery Directorate SI Mosin Prize was awarded to Michael’s. It was the most prestigious award for the invention of artillery and arms manufacture, It is awarded every five years.

    Being in St. Petersburg with his first rifle, Sergei learned that among scholars and prominent military figures are heated arguments about the prospects and opportunities multiply, or, as they said, "refresher" of the weapon. It would seem that lessons of the Balkan war had clearly resolve the question: to be or not to be repeating rifle. However, in military circles, there were many supporters of the traditional rules of "shoot rarely, aptly." They believed that multiply the rifle would have the right to exist if a soldier wanted to kill some time.

    In July 1883, SI Mosin was appointed a member of a special commission on testing magazine rifles. This was the official recognition of its leading expert in the field of small arms. Mosin was directly involved in the testing of their own rifles, listening intently to the comments. In 1885, the weapons department ordered the Tula arms factory in 1000 with a new magazine rifles for military trials.

       Abroad to learn about the invention of the Mosin, decided to outbid him. In 1885, on behalf of a Paris firm for the right to use the French invented Mosin rifle rack and application engine was offered 600 million francs. The sum has reached 1 million SI Mosin at the time had very modest means. However, he rejected all offers of foreigners.

    November 25, 1891 Main Artillery Directorate SI Mosin Prize was awarded to Michael’s. It was the most prestigious award for the invention of artillery and arms manufacture, It is awarded every five years.

    In 1900 at the World’s Fair Paris 3-line rifle SI Mosin was awarded the highest award. In general, after 1894 by Sergei Ivanovich fell awards and honors. Arriving in Sestroreck, he became not only the head of the plant, but the chief Sestroretsky garrison. A 9 April 1900 Vavilov was promoted to general. ***

    Doing a long and painstaking way in the development of his famous rifle magazine type, Mosin at some time stops for a single-charge option, but it is understood that the rejection of FIFO charging — a temporary phenomenon, you need to work out the gate with a new tipa.Nachinaya February 1890 , the Mosin is working to improve the sample rifle Belgian designer Leon Nagant, whose development was tested in 1885. The great merit of the master of Liege was the fact that his shop was located in the middle, under the receiver. His model, despite some shortcomings general construction (gate one combat constipation and who did not have a single combat larvae), the rifle gave a significant increase in the rate of fire. In a real combat situation, the shooter could release up to 25 rounds per minute. It should be noted that Russian military officials were trying to "push" Nagant rifle, while putting a spoke in the wheel Mosin. In the end, it was decided that the new design combines design shop Nagano and the shutter Mosin.

    Meanwhile, Nagan left home in Liege, and Mosin to Tula, where two engineers continued fine-tuning of its products.

    In this contest between two giants of weapons not zavershilos.V 1890 was made, as it were, it said today, the calculation of economic efficiency. Prototyping Mosin cost the treasury is 1.6 times less than the samples Nagant. Also in 1890, while in Izhevsk, once again, the Mosin creates a prototype of its magazine rifle-trehlineyki. Today, as a relic of this rare exhibit carefully preserved in the Museum of "Izhmash".

      In 1891, the trilinear (7.62 mm) Mosin rifle was adopted by the Russian soldier and had served faithfully for almost mid-1950s.

    Extremely useful activity General Mosin interrupted early. In mid-January 1902 Sergei Ivanovich had a cold a few days later he got worse, call a physician has determined lobar pneumonia, and began treatment, but it was too late — the disease is irreversible. January 26, 1902 about four o’clock in the afternoon outstanding Russian weapons designer died.

    The memory of the outstanding Russian designer persists to this day — the place of his birth in the village of Ramon and where he worked and served the fatherland, — Tula and Sestrorezk the monuments. In Ramon’s Award was established Mosin, which is presented annually to his countrymen for high achievements in cultural, sporting, educational and scientific activities.

    Monument Mosin in Sestrorezk, 2001, sculptor Petrov BA, architect Bakusov AG

     

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