Domestic supercomputer KC-computer APK-1 and prospects

One of the tasks VNIIEF (All-Russian Research Institute of Experimental Physics, Sarov in the Nizhny Novgorod region) — design and creation of a highly parallel supercomputer performance for use in the armed forces of the Russian Federation.


These computers have a high reliability of functioning at a constant clock work, provides warranty support and maintenance for the qualitative upgrading of computer equipment at an advanced level of development of computer technology and software updates.

Work in this direction has already yielded positive results — a full-fledged computer center set up in the company of the Ministry of Defence. Center set up with the latest technology in the field of computers and in-house software and programs are optimized to work on high-speed computers.

CS-computer APK-1.

According to the presidential program "Development of supercomputers and Grids" VNIIEF developed hardware software complex high-end teraflop capacity.
"COP-1 computer" is designed as a compact universal multiprocessing "KS-computer." It is equipped with software and application software production VNIIEF.

"COP-1 computer" is intended to meet the challenges of three-dimensional modeling and simulation. This will reduce the time engineering and design calculations for the design and construction of new projects of technical solutions for enterprises, factories, design bureaus and research institutes in the field of high-tech and increase the accuracy of these calculations.
Domestic developers have managed to create a unique computer. Almost APK-1 is the dream of the designer to calculate the current projects.


The small dimensions of COP-1 computer, give the option to install it in any workplace, just ordinary supercomputers The dimensions are similar to a small private room. COP-1 computer will not require additional systems, such as the cooling system, no special technical staff. We can say that it is almost a slightly increased personal computer. The advantages of CS-1 computer are reduced noise performance and low power consumption. So APK-1 consumes about 1.8 kW, which is much less than the consumption of foreign analogues and previous supercomputers.

The software package makes it possible to carry out the development, configuration, and performance of applications executed on computer languages such as «Fortran-90", "C + +" and "C", which means using OMP and MPI. Implemented the ability to use software solutions in parallel, one serial and lot of user mode.

"COP-1 computer" provided MIMD-cluster architecture with the assigned memory, high-performance system of data exchange between processors, supports the x86 architecture.

The basis of the supercomputer "KS-1 computer" AMD’s multi-core microprocessors are combined into a high-speed network by means of technology «InfiniBand QDR».

The system exchanges data between the processor with direct switching is based on proprietary software developed VNIIEF.

The main characteristics of the COP-computer APK-1:
— Length 650 mm;
— Width 325 mm;
— Height 752 mm;
— The performance of 1.1 teraflops;
— Operational system Linux;
— Power supply 220 V;
— Frequency of 50 Hz;
— Cooling system — liquid;
— Monitor 24-inch LCD;
— Drive Blu-Ray;
— Reader;
— The keyboard and mouse.
— The approximate price of 1.45 million rubles

Learn more.
A similar computer solutions foreign production costs at least twice as expensive.
In 2010, the program has been granted 1.1 billion rubles. In 2011 — 1.5 billion rubles.
Last year, 15 of these supercomputers, the 11 domestic bureau, businesses and factories participating in the program "Development of supercomputers and grid technologies." 50 percent of the cost paid state machines.
VNIIEF also collected COP-6 computer APK-1 for sale on a commercial basis.

The program is designed to produce 52 "KS-computer." Most of which will be sold on a commercial basis.
The estimated interest of domestic enterprises about 100 teraflops.

It is planned to release this year "KS-computer" output of 3 teraflops, a prototype model.
Sverhkompyuter was also built with a capacity of 1 Pflops, announcing that, most likely in March next year. To your computer is connected remotely number of enterprises conducted test remote test.
In 2011 VNIIEF plans to release a modified "desktops" power of 3 and 5 teraflops using graphics processors. According to the director VNIIEF Valentine Kostyukova, industry has already formed an order for 52 universal personal supercomputer. As explained in a conversation with Egorshin CNews, part of the cost of these systems businesses participating in the program will also finance the government.

The presidential program "Development of supercomputers and grid technologies" was approved in 2009 and is designed for 2010-2012 For its implementation meets the state corporation "Rosatom" VNIIEF performs contract work with the "Rosatom".

VNIIEF was founded in 1946 for the implementation of the Soviet atomic project and developed the first Soviet atomic and hydrogen bombs. As in the past, now the main task of the Institute is to provide safety and security of nuclear weapons. Centre deals and civilian research and development — for example, in the field of mathematical modeling with high-performance systems, fundamental and applied research in various fields of science, research strength and stability of various types of machinery, etc.

In 2010, the program for the development of supercomputers has been allocated 1.1 billion rubles., In 2011, funding will be increased to 1.47 billion rubles., Said Kostjukov made a report on the results of the center’s activities.

The program involves the provision of Russian companies in the computing power remotely. Earlier it was reported that in 2011 VNIIEF plans to build a supercomputer capacity of 1 Pflops, of which about 300 teraflops select outside companies. According to CNews source familiar with the activities of VNIIEF, this supercomputer has been built, and the staff cheated on him some problems, and its official announcement is expected in March.

In the future, according to the same source, the plan to create a supercomputer 10-15 Pflops to approximately 2014-2015. This year, according to the interlocutor CNews, scheduled to be presented to the government study of the project, from 2012 to obtain the necessary financing. Evaluation of funding were reported.

Still further clarification for experts:
a) Peak performance developed a universal (ie, on the platform of x86-64) of a compact super-computers (COP-1 computer, "personal supercomputer") is 1.1 teraflops at double-precision arithmetic operations. Power from 0.7 to 2.2 kW (as e. Kettle) depending on the load of computing field. Prices from 1.45 million rubles, depending on the hardware and software configuration (such as foreign counterparts Cray XT is 2-4 times more expensive!). That is, domestic development is unique, first of all, on the set of parameters.

b) Peak perf
ormance of the developed specialized compact supercomputers based on the arithmetic accelerators ("personal computer special-purpose") of 3.5 teraflops at double-precision arithmetic operations. Power up to 1.5 kW. Price from 400 thousand rubles, depending on the hardware and software configuration. Here too, as in the universal COP-1 computer, uses a unique air-water cooling system, which allows enough inaudible (45-50 dB at 1 m — PC noise level) to work in normal office environment. Remark: the development of 0.7 teraflops with pure air cooling took place to be as a prototype in 2009.

c) In addition to the body, a dense arrangement of nodes and cooling system COP-1 in the computer VNIIEF developed a specialized system software, providing, for example, effective bufferizuemy messaging between the three boards with dual-port connection bezkommutatornym InfiniBand (standard MPI implementation here simply do not work) , a full-fledged «front-end» graphical interface for multi-user mode in the local network, which includes an automated queue management subsystem tasks automatic collection of statistics (on the effectiveness of parallel computing and download executable tasks), tracing, debugging parallel, scalable (!) IO data table and 3D-visualization, etc.

d) Most importantly — import-substituting domestic application software (the result of conversion of military developments in the civilian sector) that efficiently (50-70% of peak performance) computing resources super-computers with distributed memory in solving high-end industrial applications.

d) Transfer of COP-1 computer "companies — participants of the presidential program" is carried out on a parity basis (including off-budget co-financing functional customers) exclusively for training (adaptation, verification and validation) developed in the framework of the application software to the design and development of advanced innovative technology (first of all dual-use) of high-tech industries (aeronautics, automotive, nuclear energy and space-rocket industry).

e) In 2011 VNIIEF plans to release a modification of COP-3 teraflops of computer performance (already released a technical project), and to develop those. proposal at COP-5 teraflops computers solely on the universal x86-64 platform. Number vychilistelnyh nodes (Matt. cards) is more than three, so bezkommutatornoe connection is supposed to be impossible, and the use of a specialized system of interprocessor communication (SMPO) own development and production on FPGA (FPGA) with a bandwidth of 20-40 Gbit / s. In 2010, manufactured prototypes SMPO with a channel 10 Gbit / s.

f) From the designated order 52 sets of COP-computer within the program involves the supply of COP-4 computer, the rest is purely on a commercial basis.

h) The real need of each of the enterprises of high-tech industries in the computational power of super-computers in 2011 is estimated at 40-100 teraflops.
And here is some more information about the supercomputer in Russia:

In the Moscow State University have built the most powerful supercomputer in Eastern Europe — has announced an open system.


Moscow State University conducts research in various strategic sectors of the Russian economy, in response to different needs. All this is impossible without high computing systems.

The University already has several supercomputers. If we believe the data Top500 (amended on 17 Nov. 2009), at Moscow State University today are 3 supercomputer:

378 place — MSU — Blue Gene / P — 23.8 TFlops Linpack (peak — 27.8 TFlops)
103 place — SRCC MSU — SKIF MSU Chebyshev — 41.7 TFlops Linpack (peak — 60 TFlops)
12th place — SRCC MSU — Lomonosov — 350 TFlops Linpack (peak — 414 TFlops)

New Lomonosov supercomputer ranked 12 th in the November issue of the global ranking of supercomputers — Top 500 supercomputers in the following nine nuclear centers in the United States, one in Germany and the supercomputer — one in China.
Create a supercomputer in Moscow is the largest project for the entire practice of the Russian supercomputer, not only in terms of its productivity, but also in terms of innovation. The machine is the first hybrid system of this scale in Russia and Eastern Europe, there are three types of processor architectures.

Peak performance of the Lomonosov supercomputer is 420 TFlops. The efficiency is 83%. The main processors used for the calculations are the processors Intel Xeon X5570. The machine has the RAM in GB 56576.

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