The new Russian space suit can try on International Aviation and Space Salon MAKS-2013. Spacesuit fifth generation is called the "White-ISS."
It is designed to work in extraterrestrial space. Prior to the international space station, he has not got, but became the center of attraction of visitors to the MAKS-2013 in Zhukovsky running.
Armor zvezdoplavateley for more than half a century are in KB and the unique shops of the Research and Production Enterprise "Star", which in terms of space and aviation suits, ejection seats, the experimental units is among the world leaders.
"Tops" for astronaut extravehicular activity — it is, in fact, laced with modern appliances miniature spacecraft weighing 110 kg. This suit can step through the airlock into open space, without fear of any high vacuum, no overheating on the sunny side of the orbit, where the temperature reaches 120 degrees, or terrible cold (-120 ° C) on the shady side.
The new "White-ISS", like its predecessors, is composed of several shells. Base — Hard aluminum alloy, or Breastplate, so called by analogy with medieval armor. Attached to the rigid body, soft sleeves and pant legs. Pressurized helmet is integral with the cuirass. This is absolutely not wear tight clothes — it includes a rear door. Outside, there is also an additional, including micrometeorite protection: several layers of screen-vacuum thermal insulation.
And inside, a cuirass — quite different clothes: soft mesh suit cooling water (CWE). His run through dozens of fabric sewn into the thin tubes through which cold water circulates. "This water is not simple — with a high silver content, so as not to spoil for a long time — told" Trud "CEO — Chief Designer of the Scientific and Production Enterprise" Star "Academician GI Severin, Sergei Pozdnyakov. — The fact that the astronaut while working in space spends a lot of physical effort, releasing a lot of heat. And it is given by CHED to prevent overheating, to create a comfortable environment. "
A small knob on the control panel (outside the suit, left, at the level of the breast) astronaut himself regulates thermal conditions: some like it hot.
Sometimes, the work was so hard that the orbital installer recalled late in regulation, when the pot is already flooded his face. In the near future this will not happen, "White-ISS" is equipped with an automatic temperature control. For astronaut task now is simplified before it leaves the station, it will set the parameters of temperature and climate control system itself will support it. In the process at any time, you can change the settings.
Even earlier, in the "White-MK" was introduced in the control loop built-in computer, which took over full control of all major systems of the suit. Automation before going into space or working outside the station immediately inform even about small deviations are not talking about serious irregularities. And make recommendations astronaut what to do in this situation.
In the "Orlan-ISS" is another important difference. On the remote control is set to a new high quality display. He became more (palm) and brighter, its informative possibilities are much wider. The former displays evoked criticism cosmonauts on the sunny side of the image of the "dissolved" in the pale screen. The new displays installed and available in the star house suits.
The following "eagles" and expected such a service: Automation will display a detailed diagram of the location astronaut on the outside of the ISS. The station today is great, astronaut, running on the surface in open space, it is no wonder at some point lose orientation. Find your way back to the entrance hatch or another work site will help the new device.
The third new product extends the life of the new suit: rubber shell, such as trousers, replaced by polyurethane. As a result, you can operate the new equipment will not be four, and five, and the number of spacewalks increases from 15 to 20.
"Russian space suits in many ways superior to the American," — said the head of the "Stars". Our easier and quicker to put on, and U.S. astronauts in preparation for the exit necessarily need help from other members of the crew. "Eagle" is easier and safer to use. And designed and undersized, and high astronauts — from 1.65 to 1.9 meters. "If, say, someone will rise 1.60 meters, and in this case we find out — use special insoles", — said Sergei Pozdnyakov. And a huge difference in cost. Price U.S. spacesuit — about $ 15 million, and ours — an order of magnitude.
The "eagles" — a great future. On this basis it is easy to develop a lunar space suits. And they are still on the ISS will work. The first suit the new sample will be sent to the station early next year. For all of 2014 is now available at the station "Orlan-MK" is planned to replace with new ones.
Since 1977, six models were created spacesuits "Orlan". From 1977 to 1984. on orbital stations / OS / "Salyut-6" and "Salyut-7" used spacesuits "Orlan-D." From 1985-1988,. to "Salyut-7" — "Orlan-DM." On the Soviet space station "Mir" for the years 1988-1997. used a model of DMA. The new, upgraded suit "Orlan-M" used in the station "Mir" in 1997-2000. and ISS in 2001-2009. Today, Russian astronauts used spacesuits "Orlan-MK".