EKIP — Russian flying saucer

The revolutionary project of the Russian WIG with striking features, developed in the USSR. Read more about the unique design, prototypes, which were successfully tested.

Key Features:

Vehicles "EKIP" can carry heavy bulky loads (100 tons or more) over long distances (thousands of kilometers) at a speed of 500-700 km / h at an altitude of 8-13 km. They can move near the surface of the land and water on an air cushion at a speed of 160 km / h and implement flight in ground-effect mode at speeds up to 400 km / h.
Vehicles "EKIP" are bezaerodromnymi devices. They can land on airfields any category, ground and water surface.
The length of the runway for heavy vehicles (hundreds of tons) does not exceed 600 meters, take-off and landing are performed by a steep glide path,
which will reduce noise pollution to nearby populated areas. For take-off and landing vehicles "EKIP" device is used on an air cushion. The profound hovercraft made in Gos.NITs TSAGI (Moscow branch of the Central hydrodynamic Institute) can not be applied to existing conventional aircraft because of the lack of a large area in the plan. Vehicles "EKIP" this area and have a landing gear on the air cushion fits into the structure of the aircraft. It is located under the body and allows for takeoff and landing low pressure is exerted on the vehicle itself and the runway (land, water). This pressure is equivalent to the pressure exerted by the water layer thickness of 220-270 mm.
For vehicles "EKIP" carrying capacity of hundreds of tons will not need to build special airfields with concrete runways. 5 km as necessary for heavy B-777 (Boeing). and A3-XX (Airbus Industries).

Apparatus "EKIP" will transport heavy loads and large numbers of passengers (1,000 or more) to the existing airports of continental and island states.
Of particular note is the use of vehicles "EKIP" fuel gas (Natural gas, hydrogen). Large volumes of vehicle permit to locate within it without changing the external contour large volumes of fuel tanks for gas fuel.
Limited reserves of oil (for 50 years) require the removal of aircraft fuel gas.
However, a limited amount of thin wings of existing airplanes do not allow this. As the gas fuel by Tu-156 occupies half the passenger compartment and on the A-SiO (project DASA) is the second tier above the passenger compartment, changing the external contour of the airplane and reduce its aerodynamic performance.

Vehicles "EKIP" permit due to large volumes to locate the fuel tanks
in the wall of the unit without changing the external contour.
Note that the hydrogen-fueled vehicles "EKIP" may increase the range of 2-3 times compared to existing airplanes of the same capacity. Work vehicles "EKIP" on natural gas and hydrogen will reduce harmful emissions in the flue gases, ie vehicles "EKIP" will be more environmentally friendly than existing aircraft.
It should be emphasized that the use of vehicles "EKIP" LNG will reduce fuel costs more than 5-8 times, which should lead to lower operational costs compared with existing aircraft 1.5 — 2 times.
Should stay on the hull construction vehicles "EKIP". The relative weight of the structure of the unit (with respect to the take-off weight), according to experts DASA, the use of composite materials is 30% lower than for the existing aircraft. 

They write that the United States already had experience at this unit. In the West, and he licked the project was called "vortex cell-2050" or "Vortex Cell 2050" (http://sea-transport.ru/ekranoplani/360-ekip.html).

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