History is written by those who won the war, but not to those who lost it. No wonder that the British and Americans — the authors of the history of the Second World War. We were told that the war was necessary, that would put an end to Nazism and Hitler. Nazism and Hitler considered the creatures of the devil, in part because that killed six million Jews (the figure proposed by the British and the Jews, though many dispute).
The last chapter of the history of the Second World War, was written at the beginning of October 1945 during the infamous Nuremberg Tribunal, where the State prosecutors: the United States, Britain, France and Russia, has brought charges against 24x 6ti individuals and organizations. The defendants were accused of the systematic extermination of millions of people.
Sixty years after the end of the war it is time to open a criminal case and convene a new Nuremberg Tribunal, this time against one of the prosecutors — UK — for the systematic and deliberate annihilation of millions of people. This genocide is not confined to the Second World War — the war was the only scene in the last episode chrede criminal acts. Hunger and exhaustion were merely instruments of genocide, the horrors of which have lasted for decades. Crime scene — Bengal, India (now Bengal is a historical part of the territory of India and Bangladesh in part) the defendants — British masters-colonialists; victims — thirty million dead.
It started in 1770, the year with a big disaster, when, owing to the drought killed about one third of the population of Bengal. And it's not much and not too little — 10 million people! East India Company, which occupied the country for five years, never thought of taking appropriate measures. Colonial officials happily reported to his superiors in London to increase their income through trade and export of food products.
It should be noted that the Bengal — the edge of the river and across the delta of the Ganges there is no more fertile ground. Before the coming of the English colonists Bengal was the breadbasket of the whole of India. Each village was earlier and now there is a pond with fish, which the village could eat rice in times of crop failure. It took the British intervention to reverse the edge of a green fertile land devastated by famine.
For 182 years the British regime in the Bengal famine of cases account for 30-40 (depending on how you define hunger). There are no reliable sources that confirm the number of victims of these natural disasters. We have only the figures proposed by the British colonialists. But even with the limited information available, it is easy to consider the face of British colonialism in India.
Last time there was a famine in Bengal in the 1942m-1945m, respectively. During these three years the famine has claimed at least four million lives. Some researchers believe that the death toll is significantly higher (it should be borne in mind that the four million figure is borrowed from British sources). Despite the lack of agreement regarding the number of victims, most researchers agree that the famine handiwork of man. Nobel Prize winner Amartya Sen (en.wikipedia.org / wiki / Amartya_Sen) quite convincingly argues that the famine was caused precisely by the British policy and not a radical drop in food production.
Noteworthy are the following facts:
a. In May 1942, Burma was conquered by Japan. The British feared that the Japanese were in alliance with the Indian National Army (led by Subhas Chandra Bose) invade India from the east. Bose's slogan "Dilli Chalo" (Next to Delhi) caused fear among the British, and they applied the policy of "scorched earth". On the one hand, this policy was to ensure that if the Japanese decide to go through Bengal, local food supplies will not get conquerors. On the other hand, the colonialists wanted to break the will of the people of Bengal to the uprising in support of the invaders. There can not be a coincidence that in October 1942 the British colonial government conducted a police operation, which resulted in 143 camps were destroyed and the building of the Party Congress, a lot of people have been arrested. Between August 1942 and February 1943 the British occupation police shot 43 people. In addition, the British soldiers involved in the rape and looting food warehouses, among other things.
b. Bengal was overrun by refugees and retreating soldiers from various British colonies, temporarily occupied by the Japanese. In March 1942 alone, every day in Calcutta and Chittagong arrived from 2000 to 3000 military and civilian, in May, the number of already numbered 300,000. As a result, procurement of food prices on food in rural areas reached dizzying heights.
in. In anticipation of the landing of the Japanese in the Bay of Bengal, the British authorities have adopted a directive entitled "Plan of confiscation of ships", which prescribes confiscate all vessels of more than 10 people. The implementation of the directive has led to the confiscation of more than 66 500 vessels. As a result, the system of inland waterway transport was completely paralyzed. Fishing has become practically impossible, the majority of farmers growing rice and jute could no longer carry their products. These government actions have led to the collapse of the economy especially in the lower reaches of the Ganges Delta.
, the confiscation of land for fortifications and defense infrastructure (platforms for landing aircraft, military camps and refugees) have led to the expulsion of 150 to 180 thousand people from their land, making them virtually homeless.
on the colonial authorities refused to supply food to Bengal from other regions of the country in order to create an artificial shortage of food. This policy has been especially cruel law put in place in 1942m entitled "Plan of rice supply disruption." As previously mentioned, the aim of this policy was to create obstacles in the supply of food to the Japanese army in the event of a possible invasion. Simultaneously, the government has authorized the free traders to buy rice at any price with a view to its delivery to the state food bank. Thus, on the one hand, the government bought up all the rice in the district to the last grain, and on the other, prevented the supply of rice to Bengal from other regions of the country.
The government is a blank check for the purchase of food started the mechanism of inflation. As a result, some traders instead of the food supply authorities postponed it for a while in order to sell at a higher price. This led to the aggravation of the food shortages and further price increases.
Well. The inflation driven primarily by massive military activities funded overtime loading cash machines. The excess paper money supply caused by the policies of the authorities led to general inflation, which was particularly hard-hit by the pocket of an impoverished rural population.
h. Despite the fact that English law in India and envisaged the possibility of a state of emergency in the event of natural disasters, famine, and has not been officially recognized at the official level, the authorities have introduced a state of emergency and, therefore, did not take adequate counter-measures to remedy the situation. It was only in October 1943, the British government finally reversed, the same attention to the exigencies of the disaster, but even then the government still refused to take decisive action that could require the situation.
and. Despite the fact that India has imported about 1.8 million tons of grain before the war, Britain made sure that India's trade surplus for rice rose to a record level in fiscal year 1942/43.
K. complicate the situation in Bengal was discussed in the British Parliament at the meeting, which was attended by only 10% of members of parliament. The result of repeated requests for food imports to India (with a population of about 400 million) was the delivery of approximately half a million tons of grain in 1943 and 1944. For comparison, in the United Kingdom with a population of 50 million net cereal imports in the second half of the one in 1943 was 10 million tons. Churchill repeatedly forbade the export to India of any kind of food, despite the fact that during the Second World War, some 2.4 million Indians served in British units.
Given the choice, I would rather die in the gas chamber than from hunger in the streets. From this point of view, Hitler stands before us a humanist and philanthropist, while Churchill and the devil not hold a candle. Thirty million men, women and children who were dying a slow and painful death in the villages of Bengal were not enemies of the British Empire. They obviously do not deserve such a cruel fate. Whatever the criticism of Hitler, at least, in his own twisted logic, he had a reason to hate the Jews. And the British government and Churchill not even a fig leaf of this perverse logic, which, though somehow explain their cruel barbaric acts.
Amartya Sen has used the example of famine in Bengal apologetics for democracy and criticism of the dictatorship. In fact, Churchill chose the English people in democratic elections. After independence in 1947 and is now East Bengal (now Bangladesh) for many years suffered dictatorships. And yet, if not biased approach in the past five and a half decades, the total number of deaths from famine in East Bengal (and Western) is less than one percent of people who died of hunger in half a century until its independence. This question apparently can not be reduced to a simple dichotomy dictatorship Versus Democracy.
We also learn that the rulers of Bengal, before the English came to be egocentric despots and did not care about the welfare of his subjects, in the meantime basking in luxury. The British are proud of what they have brought "good government" and "rule of law" in India, from Bengal and then extending its institutions across the country. Despite the alleged mismanagement of the Indian rulers in the pre-British era, there is no historical evidence of significant cases of famine in Bengal before the arrival of the British.
Theorists tend to overlook the holistic reality when a sledgehammer traversed by a thin ambiguous details. Most of the scholarly debate devoted to famine in Bengal missed the most important aspect of criminal acts, the British government. There is a tendency to view the famine in Bengal in terms of internal factors such as Bengal: short supply of food, history of diseases of rice crop, inflation, democracy as a regime of government, the analysis of climate change and many such beautiful terms. All of these studies explain the famine as a product of the interaction of systemic factors peculiar to Bengal, and it is only necessary to examine these factors in order to prevent their recurrence. This approach should recognize wrong.
Bengal was the victim of a crime committed during more than two-thirds of a century. English establishment condone the genocide of the people of Bengal, sometimes on purpose: the pursuit of their own interests, at times because of the banal negligence in the performance of duties. In both cases, the British government should be found guilty of committing a terrible crime against humanity.
The Holocaust in Germany — a small event compared to the fact that England has made to the people who trusted the British and was completely loyal to them. The Nazis were tried and convicted for the Holocaust. Even now, attempts to track down ex-Nazis in order to bring them to justice. A few weeks ago, the court awarded compensation for non-pecuniary damages to the victims of Holocaust.
Is it not time and descendants of victims of the Great Holocaust Bengal to demand compensation from the government of modern Britain? Is it possible to open a criminal case against Winston Churchill and all those who were in power in 1942-45 (or 1765-1947) in the British Government? Or is it too much? Do you think that the systematic extermination of six million Jews skinned deserves punishment, and thirty million blacks did not deserve, and Bengalis in Encyclopedia in history?
The least that can make the people of India and Bangladesh — is to erect a monument to the millions who have fallen from the hands of cruel monster. Let us at least rewrite history!
Have a look at how to build a Western capitalism: the famine and mass murder in the colonies